Antaka, Amtaka, Antāka: 26 definitions


Antaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Antaka (अन्तक).—Once the Devas, under the auspices of emperor Pṛthu, turned goddess earth into a cow and milked her. The result was twelve yamas, and Antaka was one of the twelve. (See Pṛthu). (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 69, Verse 26).

2) Antaka (अन्तक).—The Ṛgveda makes mention of one Rājarṣi, Antaka. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 16, Sūkta 112).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Antaka (अन्तक).—Surname of Yama: milkman of Pitṛs on the earth: ety.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 10. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 209; Matsya-purāṇa 10. 19; 213. 6.

1b) A surname of Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 81.

1c) A son of Vasumitra, ruled for 2 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 29.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Antaka (अन्तक) is the son of Hiraṇyākṣa: one of the two sons of Diti, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Diti]. Diti gives birth to two demons Hiraṇyakaśipu and Hiraṇyākṣa. Hiraṇyākṣa ascended the throne and he got a son named Antaka. Viṣṇu having the form of a boar killed Hiraṇyākṣa.

Antaka is another name for Andhaka: a demon mentally born from Śiva, according to the Saurapurāṇa.—It is said that in the former birth Andhaka was the ill-famed king Vena; Andhaka or Antaka is its Puranic name.—Accordingly, “[...] Once when Śiva was performing tapas, Pārvatī closed his three eyes and out of the resulting darkness a son was born named Andhaka (“blind”), who was blind because of the darkness in which he was born. Śiva knew that he would commit evil deeds some day and would desire his own mother, but Śiva gave Andhaka to the prayerful demon Hiraṇyākṣa for his son, promising that some day he would himself purify Andhaka’s body. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Antaka (अन्तक) refers to one of the “eight lords of divisions” (vigraheśvara) associated with the so-called eight divisions (vigraha) according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (1.8.83–5). These “eight lords of divisions” are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE. The eight divisions (vigraha) represent the uppermost part of the Lākulas’ impure universe.

All these manifestations of Śiva (e.g., Antaka) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Antaka (अन्तक) refers to “death”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Jupiter, Mercury, Mars and Saturn should just precede that of Venus, mankind, elephants and magicians will be at strife among themselves; storms and deaths [i.e., antaka] will afflict mankind. Friends will cease to be friends; the Brahmins will cease to perform religious ceremonies properly; there will be no rain; and mountains will be riven asunder thunderbolts”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Antaka (अन्तक) refers to the “south”, according to the Mohacūrottara (verse 4.234-243).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of the maṭha]—“And a maṭha for ascetics to stay in should be in the south (antaka-digbhāgaantakadigbhāge). For they, as devotees of Śiva, should reside to the right [of Śiva]. One should build a wall at a distance 1 temple-width beyond the temple base. At a distance from there is the housing for ascetics. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Antaka (अन्तक, “the end”):—One of the epiteths of Yama, the vedic God of death, who is the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Mara.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Antaka (अन्तक) is another name for Yama, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where this wicked Yama (antakayatrāyam antakaḥ pāpī) is not stopped by the 30 [gods] even with a hundred counteractions, what should one say of [Yama being stopped] there by the insects of men? O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Antaka in Madagascar is the name of a plant defined with Vigna luteola in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Dolichos luteus Sw. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Publications of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (1935)
· Hortus Botanicus Vindobonensis (1770)
· Revue de Botanique Appliquée et d’Agriculture Tropicale (1944)
· Linnaea (1839)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Revista Brasileira de Genética (1995)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Antaka, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

antaka : (m.) the Death.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Antaka, (Vedic antaka) being at the end, or making an end, Ep. of Death or Māra Vin.I, 21; S.I, 72; Th.2, 59 (explained by ThA.65 as lāmaka va Māra, thus taken = anta2); Dh.48 (= maraṇa-saṅkhāto antako DhA.II, 366), 288 (= maraṇa DhA.III, 434). (Page 47)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antaka (अंतक).—m (S) A name of Yama, the Pluto or Ruler of Hell. Hence, 2 An executioner: also the deadly enemy or dreaded object of; a natural foe: also a mortal malady, a fatal wound or hurt, any being or matter destructive or effecting the end of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antaka (अंतक).—m The God yama. The ruler of Hell. An executioner.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक).—a. [antayati, antaṃ karoti, ṇvul] Causing death, making an end of, destroying; सूर्यकान्त इव ताडकान्तकः (sūryakānta iva tāḍakāntakaḥ) R.11.21; क्रोधान्धस्तस्य तस्य स्वयमिह जगतामन्तकस्यान्तकोहम् (krodhāndhastasya tasya svayamiha jagatāmantakasyāntakoham) Ve. 3.32.

-kaḥ 1 Death. तदिदं पाण्डवेयानामन्तकायाभिसंहितम् (tadidaṃ pāṇḍaveyānāmantakāyābhisaṃhitam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.15.17.

2) Death personified, the destroyer; Yama, the god of death; नान्तकः सर्वभूतानां तृप्यति (nāntakaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ tṛpyati) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.137; ऋषिप्रभावान्मयि नान्तकोऽपि प्रभुः प्रहर्तुम् (ṛṣiprabhāvānmayi nāntako'pi prabhuḥ prahartum) R.2.62.

3) A border, boundary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक).—adj. (or subst.; = Pali adj. anta [compare ānta], Sanskrit antya; a MIndic form; not destructions with Senart), low, vile (person or thing): Mahāvastu iii.186.2—3 na ātapo tāpayati, antakā tāpayanti māṃ; antakāś ca…te tāpenti na ātapo. Cf. line 4 itvaraṃ khu ayaṃ tāpo; see itvara, which is the clue to the meaning of antaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A name of Yama. E. anta death, and ka affix of agency. Yama is the king or angel of death.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक).—[anta + ka]. I. adj., f. , Causing death, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 46, 9. Ii. m. A name of the god of Death, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1520.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक).—[adjective] ending, destroying; [masculine] death or Yama, the god of death.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antaka (अन्तक):—[from anta] 1. antaka m. border, boundary, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. antaka mfn. making an end, causing death

3) [v.s. ...] m. death

4) [v.s. ...] Yama, king or lord of death, [Atharva-veda] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man favoured by the Aśvins, [Ṛg-veda i, 112, 6] Name of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक):—I. 1. m. f. n.

(-ntakaḥ-ntikā-ntakam) Destroying, causing death. 2. m.

(-ntakaḥ) 1) A name of Yama, the god of Death.

2) The proper name of a royal Saint whom the Asuras threw into a pond and who was rescued by the Aśviṃs.

3) The proper name of a king of the Śuṅga dynasty, a son of Vasumitra. (Some read the latter name andraka or ārdraka). 3. f.

(-ntikā) See s. v. antikā Iii. E. anti, denomin. of anta, kṛt aff. ṇvul. Ii. m.

(-kaḥ) The same as anta. E. anta, taddh. aff. kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaka (अन्तक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A name of Yama.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Antaka (अन्तक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃtaa, Aṃtaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃtaka (ಅಂತಕ):—

1) [noun] Yama, the God of Death and the Judge of the deceased ones.

2) [noun] a destroyer; an annihilator.

3) [noun] the end of life; death.

4) [noun] the last point of anything; end; termination, border;5) [noun] ಅಂತಕನ ಶಿಕ್ಷೆಗೆ ಹೆದರೆ, ಸಂತೆಗೋವಿಂದನ ಸಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ಹೆದರುತ್ತೇನೆ [amtakana shikshege hedare, samtegovimdana salakke hedaruttene] antakana śikṣege hedare, sante Gōvindana sālakke hedaruttēne (prov.) the obligation of a loan is the hardest burden.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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