Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.134.57

ततो ययुर्भूतगणाः सरितश्च यथागतम् ।
गन्धर्वाप्सरसश्चैव प्रणम्य शिरसा भवम् ॥ ५७ ॥

tato yayurbhūtagaṇāḥ saritaśca yathāgatam |
gandharvāpsarasaścaiva praṇamya śirasā bhavam || 57 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Earth (CCCIX—CCCXVIII); He that transcends the six well-known modifications (of inception, birth or appearance growth, maturity, decline, and dissolution); He that is endued with great celebrity (in consequence of His feats); He that causes all...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.134.57). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Yayu, Bhutagana, Sarit, Sarita, Yathagata, Gandharvapsaras, Prana, Shiras, Bhava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.134.57). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato yayurbhūtagaṇāḥ saritaśca yathāgatam
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • yayur -
  • yayu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • bhūtagaṇāḥ -
  • bhūtagaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • saritaś -
  • sarit (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sarita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yathāgatam -
  • yathāgata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yathāgata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yathāgatā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “gandharvāpsarasaścaiva praṇamya śirasā bhavam
  • gandharvāpsarasaś -
  • gandharvāpsaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • praṇam -
  • praṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    praṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    praṇā (noun, feminine)
  • ya -
  • śirasā -
  • śiras (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhavam -
  • bhava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhavā (noun, feminine)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.134.57

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.134.57 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಯಯುರ್ಭೂತಗಣಾಃ ಸರಿತಶ್ಚ ಯಥಾಗತಮ್ ।
ಗನ್ಧರ್ವಾಪ್ಸರಸಶ್ಚೈವ ಪ್ರಣಮ್ಯ ಶಿರಸಾ ಭವಮ್ ॥ ೫೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.134.57 in Bengali sript:
ততো যযুর্ভূতগণাঃ সরিতশ্চ যথাগতম্ ।
গন্ধর্বাপ্সরসশ্চৈব প্রণম্য শিরসা ভবম্ ॥ ৫৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.134.57 in Gujarati sript:
તતો યયુર્ભૂતગણાઃ સરિતશ્ચ યથાગતમ્ ।
ગન્ધર્વાપ્સરસશ્ચૈવ પ્રણમ્ય શિરસા ભવમ્ ॥ ૫૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.134.57 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ യയുര്ഭൂതഗണാഃ സരിതശ്ച യഥാഗതമ് ।
ഗന്ധര്വാപ്സരസശ്ചൈവ പ്രണമ്യ ശിരസാ ഭവമ് ॥ ൫൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.134.57 in Telugu sript:
తతో యయుర్భూతగణాః సరితశ్చ యథాగతమ్ ।
గన్ధర్వాప్సరసశ్చైవ ప్రణమ్య శిరసా భవమ్ ॥ ౫౭ ॥

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