Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.49.9

चण्डालो व्रात्यवेनौ च ब्राह्मण्यां क्षत्रियासु च ।
वैश्यायां चैव शूद्रस्य लक्ष्यन्तेऽपसदास्त्रयः ॥ ९ ॥

caṇḍālo vrātyavenau ca brāhmaṇyāṃ kṣatriyāsu ca |
vaiśyāyāṃ caiva śūdrasya lakṣyante'pasadāstrayaḥ || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...manufacturing diverse kinds of domestic and other utensils. Without doubt, by assisting kine and Brahmanas, and practising the virtues of abstention from cruelty, compassion, truthfulness of speech, and forgiveness, and, if need be, by preserving...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.49.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Candala, Vratya, Vena, Brahmani, Brahmanya, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra, Apasada, Traya, Tri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.49.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “caṇḍālo vrātyavenau ca brāhmaṇyāṃ kṣatriyāsu ca
  • caṇḍālo* -
  • caṇḍāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vrātya -
  • vrātya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vrātya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • venau -
  • vena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • brāhmaṇyām -
  • brāhmaṇī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    brāhmaṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṣatriyāsu -
  • kṣatriyā (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “vaiśyāyāṃ caiva śūdrasya lakṣyante'pasadāstrayaḥ
  • vaiśyāyām -
  • vaiśyā (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • śūdrasya -
  • śūdra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • lakṣyante' -
  • lakṣ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
    lakṣ (verb class 10)
    [present passive third plural]
  • apasadās -
  • apasada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • trayaḥ -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.49.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.49.9 in Kannada sript:
ಚಣ್ಡಾಲೋ ವ್ರಾತ್ಯವೇನೌ ಚ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣ್ಯಾಂ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯಾಸು ಚ ।
ವೈಶ್ಯಾಯಾಂ ಚೈವ ಶೂದ್ರಸ್ಯ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಯನ್ತೇಽಪಸದಾಸ್ತ್ರಯಃ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.49.9 in Bengali sript:
চণ্ডালো ব্রাত্যবেনৌ চ ব্রাহ্মণ্যাং ক্ষত্রিযাসু চ ।
বৈশ্যাযাং চৈব শূদ্রস্য লক্ষ্যন্তেঽপসদাস্ত্রযঃ ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.49.9 in Gujarati sript:
ચણ્ડાલો વ્રાત્યવેનૌ ચ બ્રાહ્મણ્યાં ક્ષત્રિયાસુ ચ ।
વૈશ્યાયાં ચૈવ શૂદ્રસ્ય લક્ષ્યન્તેઽપસદાસ્ત્રયઃ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.49.9 in Malayalam sript:
ചണ്ഡാലോ വ്രാത്യവേനൌ ച ബ്രാഹ്മണ്യാം ക്ഷത്രിയാസു ച ।
വൈശ്യായാം ചൈവ ശൂദ്രസ്യ ലക്ഷ്യന്തേഽപസദാസ്ത്രയഃ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.49.9 in Telugu sript:
చణ్డాలో వ్రాత్యవేనౌ చ బ్రాహ్మణ్యాం క్షత్రియాసు చ ।
వైశ్యాయాం చైవ శూద్రస్య లక్ష్యన్తేఽపసదాస్త్రయః ॥ ౯ ॥

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