699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944
The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).
देवानिष्ट्वा तपस्तप्त्वा कृपणैः पुत्रगृद्धिभिः ।
दश मासान्परिधृता जायन्ते कुलपांसनाः ॥ १८ ॥
devāniṣṭvā tapastaptvā kṛpaṇaiḥ putragṛddhibhiḥ |
daśa māsānparidhṛtā jāyante kulapāṃsanāḥ || 18 ||
Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.
...Thus favoured by the illustrious Rudra himself, O Bharata, the Rishi beheld a shadow of his son by his side. He returned from that place, filled with joy at this. I have now told you, O chief of Bharata’s race...English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!
Glossary of Sanskrit terms
Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.318.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.
Deva, Ishtva, Ishtu, Tap, Tapa, Tapas, Kripana, Putra, Griddhi, Griddhin, Dasha, Dashan, Masa, Paridhrita, Jayanta, Kulapamsana,
Analysis of Sanskrit grammar
Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.318.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.
- Line 1: “devāniṣṭvā tapastaptvā kṛpaṇaiḥ putragṛddhibhiḥ”
- devān -
deva (noun, masculine)[accusative plural]
- iṣṭvā -
iṣṭvā (indeclinable)[indeclinable]√iṣ -> iṣṭvā (absolutive)[absolutive from √iṣ]√yaj -> iṣṭvā (absolutive)[absolutive from √yaj]iṣṭu (noun, feminine)[instrumental single]
- tapas -
tapas (noun, neuter)[compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]tap (noun, masculine)[nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]tap (noun, neuter)[ablative single], [genitive single]tapa (noun, masculine)[nominative single]
- taptvā -
√tap -> taptvā (absolutive)[absolutive from √tap]√tap -> taptvā (absolutive)[absolutive from √tap]
- kṛpaṇaiḥ -
kṛpaṇa (noun, masculine)[instrumental plural]kṛpaṇa (noun, neuter)[instrumental plural]
- putra -
putra (noun, masculine)[compound], [vocative single]putra (noun, neuter)[compound], [vocative single]
- gṛddhibhiḥ -
gṛddhi (noun, feminine)[instrumental plural]gṛddhin (noun, masculine)[instrumental plural]gṛddhin (noun, neuter)[instrumental plural]
- Line 2: “daśa māsānparidhṛtā jāyante kulapāṃsanāḥ”
- daśa -
daśa (noun, masculine)[compound], [vocative single]daśa (noun, neuter)[compound], [vocative single]daśan (noun, masculine)[compound]daśan (noun, neuter)[compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]√daṃś (verb class 1)[imperative active second single]
- māsān -
māsa (noun, masculine)[accusative plural]
- paridhṛtā* -
paridhṛta (noun, masculine)[nominative plural], [vocative plural]paridhṛtā (noun, feminine)[nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
- jāyante -
jāyanta (noun, masculine)[locative single]√jai (verb class 1)[present middle third plural]√jan (verb class 4)[present middle third plural]
- kulapāṃsanāḥ -
kulapāṃsana (noun, masculine)[nominative plural], [vocative plural]
Other print editions:
Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.318.18
The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)
ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.318.18 in Kannada sript:
ದೇವಾನಿಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ತಪಸ್ತಪ್ತ್ವಾ ಕೃಪಣೈಃ ಪುತ್ರಗೃದ್ಧಿಭಿಃ ।
ದಶ ಮಾಸಾನ್ಪರಿಧೃತಾ ಜಾಯನ್ತೇ ಕುಲಪಾಂಸನಾಃ ॥ ೧೮ ॥
The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)
6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]Buy now!
Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)
7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.Buy now!
The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)
3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.318.18 in Bengali sript:
দেবানিষ্ট্বা তপস্তপ্ত্বা কৃপণৈঃ পুত্রগৃদ্ধিভিঃ ।
দশ মাসান্পরিধৃতা জাযন্তে কুলপাংসনাঃ ॥ ১৮ ॥
Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)
14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.318.18 in Gujarati sript:
દેવાનિષ્ટ્વા તપસ્તપ્ત્વા કૃપણૈઃ પુત્રગૃદ્ધિભિઃ ।
દશ માસાન્પરિધૃતા જાયન્તે કુલપાંસનાઃ ॥ ૧૮ ॥
Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)
1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.318.18 in Malayalam sript:
ദേവാനിഷ്ട്വാ തപസ്തപ്ത്വാ കൃപണൈഃ പുത്രഗൃദ്ധിഭിഃ ।
ദശ മാസാന്പരിധൃതാ ജായന്തേ കുലപാംസനാഃ ॥ ൧൮ ॥
Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)
Preview of verse 12.318.18 in Telugu sript:
దేవానిష్ట్వా తపస్తప్త్వా కృపణైః పుత్రగృద్ధిభిః ।
దశ మాసాన్పరిధృతా జాయన్తే కులపాంసనాః ॥ ౧౮ ॥