Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.187.4

पृथिवी वायुराकाशमापो ज्योतिश्च पञ्चमम् ।
महाभूतानि भूतानां सर्वेषां प्रभवाप्ययौ ॥ ४ ॥

pṛthivī vāyurākāśamāpo jyotiśca pañcamam |
mahābhūtāni bhūtānāṃ sarveṣāṃ prabhavāpyayau || 4 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...represented by the objects of the senses. If one does it, wrath and joy—and sorrow arise from one another (and make one miserable). When every one’s body is made up of the five original elements as also of the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.187.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prithivi, Vayura, Akasha, Apa, Apas, Jyotis, Jyoti, Pancamam, Pancama, Mahabhuta, Bhuta, Sarva, Prabhava, Prabhavan, Apyaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.187.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pṛthivī vāyurākāśamāpo jyotiśca pañ;camam
  • pṛthivī -
  • pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vāyurā -
  • vāyura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāyura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāyurā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ākāśam -
  • ākāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ākāśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āpo* -
  • āpas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āp (verb class 5)
    [aorist active second single]
  • jyotiś -
  • jyotis (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    jyotis (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jyoti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jyoti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pañcamam -
  • pañcamam (indeclinable)
    pañcama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pañcama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “mahābhūtāni bhūtānāṃ sarveṣāṃ prabhavāpyayau
  • mahābhūtāni -
  • mahābhūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhūtānām -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • sarveṣām -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • prabhavā -
  • prabhava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prabhava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prabhavan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    prabhavan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prabhavā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • apyayau -
  • apyaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.187.4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.187.4 in Kannada sript:
ಪೃಥಿವೀ ವಾಯುರಾಕಾಶಮಾಪೋ ಜ್ಯೋತಿಶ್ಚ ಪಞ್ಚಮಮ್ ।
ಮಹಾಭೂತಾನಿ ಭೂತಾನಾಂ ಸರ್ವೇಷಾಂ ಪ್ರಭವಾಪ್ಯಯೌ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.187.4 in Bengali sript:
পৃথিবী বাযুরাকাশমাপো জ্যোতিশ্চ পঞ্চমম্ ।
মহাভূতানি ভূতানাং সর্বেষাং প্রভবাপ্যযৌ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.187.4 in Gujarati sript:
પૃથિવી વાયુરાકાશમાપો જ્યોતિશ્ચ પઞ્ચમમ્ ।
મહાભૂતાનિ ભૂતાનાં સર્વેષાં પ્રભવાપ્યયૌ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.187.4 in Malayalam sript:
പൃഥിവീ വായുരാകാശമാപോ ജ്യോതിശ്ച പഞ്ചമമ് ।
മഹാഭൂതാനി ഭൂതാനാം സര്വേഷാം പ്രഭവാപ്യയൌ ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.187.4 in Telugu sript:
పృథివీ వాయురాకాశమాపో జ్యోతిశ్చ పఞ్చమమ్ ।
మహాభూతాని భూతానాం సర్వేషాం ప్రభవాప్యయౌ ॥ ౪ ॥

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