Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.138.30

दण्डेनोपनतं शत्रुं यो राजा न नियच्छति ।
स मृत्युमुपगूह्यास्ते गर्भमश्वतरी यथा ॥ ३० ॥

daṇḍenopanataṃ śatruṃ yo rājā na niyacchati |
sa mṛtyumupagūhyāste garbhamaśvatarī yathā || 30 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...vanity, lust, anger, pride, procrastination, idleness, desire, aversion, jealousy, and all other sinful acts are all known by the common name of ignorance.{GL_NOTE:174612:} Hear now, O king, in detail, about...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.138.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Danda, Upanata, Shatru, Yah, Raja, Yacchat, Mrityu, Upagu, Uhya, Tad, Yushmad, Garbha, Ashvatari, Yatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.138.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “daṇḍenopanataṃ śatruṃ yo rājā na niyacchati
  • daṇḍeno -
  • daṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • upanatam -
  • upanata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upanata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upanatā (noun, feminine)
  • śatrum -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    ni (Preverb)
  • yacchati -
  • yam -> yacchat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yacchat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “sa mṛtyumupagūhyāste garbhamaśvatarī yathā
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛtyum -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • upagū -
  • upagu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [compound], [adverb]
    upagu (indeclinable)
  • uhyās -
  • uhya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • garbham -
  • garbha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    garbhā (noun, feminine)
  • aśvatarī -
  • aśvatarī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.138.30

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.138.30 in Kannada sript:
ದಣ್ಡೇನೋಪನತಂ ಶತ್ರುಂ ಯೋ ರಾಜಾ ನ ನಿಯಚ್ಛತಿ ।
ಸ ಮೃತ್ಯುಮುಪಗೂಹ್ಯಾಸ್ತೇ ಗರ್ಭಮಶ್ವತರೀ ಯಥಾ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.138.30 in Bengali sript:
দণ্ডেনোপনতং শত্রুং যো রাজা ন নিযচ্ছতি ।
স মৃত্যুমুপগূহ্যাস্তে গর্ভমশ্বতরী যথা ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.138.30 in Gujarati sript:
દણ્ડેનોપનતં શત્રું યો રાજા ન નિયચ્છતિ ।
સ મૃત્યુમુપગૂહ્યાસ્તે ગર્ભમશ્વતરી યથા ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.138.30 in Malayalam sript:
ദണ്ഡേനോപനതം ശത്രും യോ രാജാ ന നിയച്ഛതി ।
സ മൃത്യുമുപഗൂഹ്യാസ്തേ ഗര്ഭമശ്വതരീ യഥാ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.138.30 in Telugu sript:
దణ్డేనోపనతం శత్రుం యో రాజా న నియచ్ఛతి ।
స మృత్యుముపగూహ్యాస్తే గర్భమశ్వతరీ యథా ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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