Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
yugakṣayātparikṣīṇe dharme loke ca bhārata |
dasyubhiḥ pīḍyamāne ca kathaṃ stheyaṃ pitāmaha || 1 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
hanta te kathayiṣyāmi nītimāpatsu bhārata |
utsṛjyāpi ghṛṇāṃ kāle yathā varteta bhūmipaḥ || 2 ||
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atrāpyudāharantīmamitihāsaṃ purātanam |
bharadvājasya saṃvādaṃ rājñaḥ śatruṃtapasya ca || 3 ||
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rājā śatruṃtapo nāma sauvīrāṇāṃ mahārathaḥ |
kaṇiṅkamupasaṃgamya papracchārthaviniścayam || 4 ||
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alabdhasya kathaṃ lipsā labdhaṃ kena vivardhate |
vardhitaṃ pālayetkena pālitaṃ praṇayetkatham || 5 ||
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tasmai viniścayārthaṃ sa paripṛṣṭārthaniścayaḥ |
uvāca brāhmaṇo vākyamidaṃ hetumaduttaram || 6 ||
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nityamudyatadaṇḍaḥ syānnityaṃ vivṛtapauruṣaḥ |
acchidraśchidradarśī ca pareṣāṃ vivarānugaḥ || 7 ||
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nityamudyatadaṇḍasya bhṛśamudvijate janaḥ |
tasmātsarvāṇi bhūtāni daṇḍenaiva prarodhayet || 8 ||
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evameva praśaṃsanti paṇḍitāstattvadarśinaḥ |
tasmāccatuṣṭaye tasminpradhāno daṇḍa ucyate || 9 ||
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chinnamūle hyadhiṣṭhāne sarve tajjīvino hatāḥ |
kathaṃ hi śākhāstiṣṭheyuśchinnamūle vanaspatau || 10 ||
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mūlamevāditaśchindyātparapakṣasya paṇḍitaḥ |
tataḥ sahāyānpakṣaṃ ca sarvamevānusārayet || 11 ||
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sumantritaṃ suvikrāntaṃ suyuddhaṃ supalāyitam |
āpadāṃ padakāleṣu kurvīta na vicārayet || 12 ||
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vāṅmātreṇa vinītaḥ syāddhṛdayena yathā kṣuraḥ |
ślakṣṇapūrvābhibhāṣī ca kāmakrodhau vivarjayet || 13 ||
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sapatnasahite kārye kṛtvā saṃdhiṃ na viśvaset |
apakrāmettataḥ kṣipraṃ kṛtakāryo vicakṣaṇaḥ || 14 ||
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śatruṃ ca mitrarūpeṇa sāntvenaivābhisāntvayet |
nityaśaścodvijettasmātsarpādveśmagatādiva || 15 ||
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yasya buddhiṃ paribhavettamatītena sāntvayet |
anāgatena duṣprajñaṃ pratyutpannena paṇḍitam || 16 ||
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añjaliṃ śapathaṃ sāntvaṃ praṇamya śirasā vadet |
aśruprapātanaṃ caiva kartavyaṃ bhūtimicchatā || 17 ||
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vahedamitraṃ skandhena yāvatkālaviparyayaḥ |
athainamāgate kāle bhindyādghaṭamivāśmani || 18 ||
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muhūrtamapi rājendra tindukālātavajjvalet |
na tuṣāgnirivānarcirdhūmāyeta naraściram || 19 ||
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nānarthakenārthavattvaṃ kṛtaghnena samācaret |
arthe tu śakyate bhoktuṃ kṛtakāryo'vamanyate |
tasmātsarvāṇi kāryāṇi sāvaśeṣāṇi kārayet || 20 ||
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kokilasya varāhasya meroḥ śūnyasya veśmanaḥ |
vyāḍasya bhakticitrasya yacchreṣṭhaṃ tatsamācaret || 21 ||
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utthāyotthāya gacchecca nityayukto riporgṛhān |
kuśalaṃ cāpi pṛccheta yadyapyakuśalaṃ bhavet || 22 ||
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nālasāḥ prāpnuvantyarthānna klībā na ca māninaḥ |
na ca lokaravādbhītā na ca śaśvatpratīkṣiṇaḥ || 23 ||
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nāsya chidraṃ paro vidyādvidyācchidraṃ parasya tu |
gūhetkūrma ivāṅgāni rakṣedvivaramātmanaḥ || 24 ||
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bakavaccintayedarthānsiṃhavacca parākramet |
vṛkavaccāvalumpeta śaśavacca viniṣpatet || 25 ||
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pānamakṣāstathā nāryo mṛgayā gītavāditam |
etāni yuktyā seveta prasaṅgo hyatra doṣavān || 26 ||
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kuryāttṛṇamayaṃ cāpaṃ śayīta mṛgaśāyikām |
andhaḥ syādandhavelāyāṃ bādhiryamapi saṃśrayet || 27 ||
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deśaṃ kālaṃ samāsādya vikrameta vicakṣaṇaḥ |
deśakālābhyatīto hi vikramo niṣphalo bhavet || 28 ||
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kālākālau saṃpradhārya balābalamathātmanaḥ |
parasparabalaṃ jñātvā tathātmānaṃ niyojayet || 29 ||
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daṇḍenopanataṃ śatruṃ yo rājā na niyacchati |
sa mṛtyumupagūhyāste garbhamaśvatarī yathā || 30 ||
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supuṣpitaḥ syādaphalaḥ phalavānsyāddurāruhaḥ |
āmaḥ syātpakvasaṃkāśo na ca śīryeta kasyacit || 31 ||
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āśāṃ kālavatīṃ kuryāttāṃ ca vighnena yojayet |
vighnaṃ nimittato brūyānnimittaṃ cāpi hetutaḥ || 32 ||
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bhītavatsaṃvidhātavyaṃ yāvadbhayamanāgatam |
āgataṃ tu bhayaṃ dṛṣṭvā prahartavyamabhītavat || 33 ||
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na saṃśayamanāruhya naro bhadrāṇi paśyati |
saṃśayaṃ punarāruhya yadi jīvati paśyati || 34 ||
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anāgataṃ vijānīyādyacchedbhayamupasthitam |
punarvṛddhikṣayātkiṃcidabhivṛttaṃ niśāmayet || 35 ||
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pratyupasthitakālasya sukhasya parivarjanam |
anāgatasukhāśā ca naiṣa buddhimatāṃ nayaḥ || 36 ||
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yo'riṇā saha saṃdhāya sukhaṃ svapiti viśvasan |
sa vṛkṣāgraprasupto vā patitaḥ pratibudhyate || 37 ||
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karmaṇā yena teneha mṛdunā dāruṇena vā |
uddhareddīnamātmānaṃ samartho dharmamācaret || 38 ||
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ye sapatnāḥ sapatnānāṃ sarvāṃstānapavatsayet |
ātmanaścāpi boddhavyāścārāḥ praṇihitāḥ paraiḥ || 39 ||
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cāraḥ suvihitaḥ kārya ātmano'tha parasya ca |
pāṣaṇḍāṃstāpasādīṃśca pararāṣṭraṃ praveśayet || 40 ||
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udyāneṣu vihāreṣu prapāsvāvasatheṣu ca |
pānāgāreṣu veśeṣu tīrtheṣu ca sabhāsu ca || 41 ||
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dharmābhicāriṇaḥ pāpāścārā lokasya kaṇṭakāḥ |
samāgacchanti tānbuddhvā niyacchecchamayedapi || 42 ||
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na viśvasedaviśvaste viśvaste nāpi viśvaset |
viśvastaṃ bhayamanveti nāparīkṣya ca viśvaset || 43 ||
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viśvāsayitvā tu paraṃ tattvabhūtena hetunā |
athāsya praharetkāle kiṃcidvicalite pade || 44 ||
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aśaṅkyamapi śaṅketa nityaṃ śaṅketa śaṅkitāt |
bhayaṃ hi śaṅkitājjātaṃ samūlamapi kṛntati || 45 ||
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avadhānena maunena kāṣāyeṇa jaṭājinaiḥ |
viśvāsayitvā dveṣṭāramavalumpedyathā vṛkaḥ || 46 ||
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putro vā yadi vā bhrātā pitā vā yadi vā suhṛt |
arthasya vighnaṃ kurvāṇā hantavyā bhūtivardhanāḥ || 47 ||
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gurorapyavaliptasya kāryākāryamajānataḥ |
utpathapratipannasya daṇḍo bhavati śāsanam || 48 ||
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pratyutthānābhivādābhyāṃ saṃpradānena kasyacit |
pratipuṣkalaghātī syāttīkṣṇatuṇḍa iva dvijaḥ || 49 ||
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nācchittvā paramarmāṇi nākṛtvā karma dāruṇam |
nāhatvā matsyaghātīva prāpnoti paramāṃ śriyam || 50 ||
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nāsti jātyā ripurnāma mitraṃ nāma na vidyate |
sāmarthyayogājjāyante mitrāṇi ripavastathā || 51 ||
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amitraṃ naiva muñceta bruvantaṃ karuṇānyapi |
duḥkhaṃ tatra na kurvīta hanyātpūrvāpakāriṇam || 52 ||
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saṃgrahānugrahe yatnaḥ sadā kāryo'nasūyatā |
nigrahaścāpi yatnena kartavyo bhūtimicchatā || 53 ||
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prahariṣyanpriyaṃ brūyātprahṛtyāpi priyottaram |
api cāsya śiraśchittvā rudyācchocedathāpi vā || 54 ||
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nimantrayeta sāntvena saṃmānena titikṣayā |
āśākāraṇamityetatkartavyaṃ bhūtimicchatā || 55 ||
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na śuṣkavairaṃ kurvīta na bāhubhyāṃ nadīṃ taret |
apārthakamanāyuṣyaṃ goviṣāṇasya bhakṣaṇam |
dantāśca parighṛṣyante rasaścāpi na labhyate || 56 ||
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trivarge trividhā pīḍānubandhāstraya eva ca |
anubandhavadhau jñātvā pīḍāṃ hi parivarjayet || 57 ||
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ṛṇaśeṣo'gniśeṣaśca śatruśeṣastathaiva ca |
punaḥ punarvivardheta svalpo'pyanivāritaḥ || 58 ||
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vardhamānamṛṇaṃ tiṣṭhatparibhūtāśca śatravaḥ |
āvahantyanayaṃ tīvraṃ vyādhayaścāpyupekṣitāḥ || 59 ||
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nāsamyakkṛtakārī syādapramattaḥ sadā bhavet |
kaṇṭako'pi hi duśchinno vikāraṃ kurute ciram || 60 ||
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vadhena ca manuṣyāṇāṃ mārgāṇāṃ dūṣaṇena ca |
ākarāṇāṃ vināśaiśca pararāṣṭraṃ vināśayet || 61 ||
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gṛdhradṛṣṭirbakālīnaḥ śvaceṣṭaḥ siṃhavikramaḥ |
anudvignaḥ kākaśaṅkī bhujaṃgacaritaṃ caret || 62 ||
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śreṇimukhyopajāpeṣu vallabhānunayeṣu ca |
amātyānparirakṣeta bhedasaṃghātayorapi || 63 ||
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mṛdurityavamanyante tīkṣṇa ityudvijanti ca |
tīkṣṇakāle ca tīkṣṇaḥ syānmṛdukāle mṛdurbhavet || 64 ||
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mṛdunā sumṛduṃ hanti mṛdunā hanti dāruṇam |
nāsādhyaṃ mṛdunā kiṃcittasmāttīkṣṇataraṃ mṛdu || 65 ||
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kāle mṛduryo bhavati kāle bhavati dāruṇaḥ |
sa sādhayati kṛtyāni śatrūṃścaivādhitiṣṭhati || 66 ||
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paṇḍitena viruddhaḥ sandūre'smīti na viśvaset |
dīrghau buddhimato bāhū yābhyāṃ hiṃsati hiṃsitaḥ || 67 ||
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na tattaredyasya na pāramuttarenna taddharedyatpunarāharetparaḥ |
na tatkhanedyasya na mūlamutkhanenna taṃ hanyādyasya śiro na pātayet || 68 ||
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itīdamuktaṃ vṛjinābhisaṃhitaṃ na caitadevaṃ puruṣaḥ samācaret |
paraprayuktaṃ tu kathaṃ niśāmayedato mayoktaṃ bhavato hitārthinā || 69 ||
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yathāvaduktaṃ vacanaṃ hitaṃ tadā niśamya vipreṇa suvīrarāṣṭriyaḥ |
tathākarodvākyamadīnacetanaḥ śriyaṃ ca dīptāṃ bubhuje sabāndhavaḥ || 70 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 138

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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