Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 11.13.2

ततो ज्ञात्वा हतामित्रं धर्मराजं युधिष्ठिरम् ।
गान्धारी पुत्रशोकार्ता शप्तुमैच्छदनिन्दिता ॥ २ ॥

tato jñātvā hatāmitraṃ dharmarājaṃ yudhiṣṭhiram |
gāndhārī putraśokārtā śaptumaicchadaninditā || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...reluctantly embraced the eldest son of Pandu, who was the cause of that slaughter. Having embraced Yudhishthira the just and spoken a few words of comfort to him, O Bharata...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.13.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Hata, Amitra, Dharmaraj, Dharmaraja, Yudhishthira, Gandhari, Putrashoka, Anindita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 11.13.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato jñātvā hatāmitraṃ dharmarājaṃ yudhiṣṭhiram
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • jñātvā -
  • jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
    jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
  • hatā -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • amitram -
  • amitra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    amitra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    amitrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dharmarājam -
  • dharmarāja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharmarājan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharmarāj (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • yudhiṣṭhiram -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “gāndhārī putraśokārtā śaptumaicchadaninditā
  • gāndhārī -
  • gāndhārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    gāndhāri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • putraśokā -
  • putraśoka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putraśoka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • artā -
  • (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
    (verb class 5)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • śaptum -
  • śap -> śaptum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śap]
    śap -> śaptum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śap]
  • aicchad -
  • iṣ (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • aninditā -
  • aninditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 11.13.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 11.13.2 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಜ್ಞಾತ್ವಾ ಹತಾಮಿತ್ರಂ ಧರ್ಮರಾಜಂ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಮ್ ।
ಗಾನ್ಧಾರೀ ಪುತ್ರಶೋಕಾರ್ತಾ ಶಪ್ತುಮೈಚ್ಛದನಿನ್ದಿತಾ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 11.13.2 in Bengali sript:
ততো জ্ঞাত্বা হতামিত্রং ধর্মরাজং যুধিষ্ঠিরম্ ।
গান্ধারী পুত্রশোকার্তা শপ্তুমৈচ্ছদনিন্দিতা ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 11.13.2 in Gujarati sript:
તતો જ્ઞાત્વા હતામિત્રં ધર્મરાજં યુધિષ્ઠિરમ્ ।
ગાન્ધારી પુત્રશોકાર્તા શપ્તુમૈચ્છદનિન્દિતા ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 11.13.2 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ജ്ഞാത്വാ ഹതാമിത്രം ധര്മരാജം യുധിഷ്ഠിരമ് ।
ഗാന്ധാരീ പുത്രശോകാര്താ ശപ്തുമൈച്ഛദനിന്ദിതാ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 11.13.2 in Telugu sript:
తతో జ్ఞాత్వా హతామిత్రం ధర్మరాజం యుధిష్ఠిరమ్ ।
గాన్ధారీ పుత్రశోకార్తా శప్తుమైచ్ఛదనిన్దితా ॥ ౨ ॥

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