Amitra, Āmitra: 9 definitions



Amitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Amitra (अमित्र).—A Marut of the second gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 93.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

amitra (अमित्र).—a S Inimical or unfriendly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र).—[na mitram; by Uṇ.4.173 fr. am to go against; amerdviṣati cit; amitraḥ śatruḥ] Not a friend, an enemy, adversary, a foe, rival, opponent; स्याताममित्रौ मित्रे च सहजप्राकृतावपि (syātāmamitrau mitre ca sahajaprākṛtāvapi) Śi.2.36; तस्य मित्राण्यमित्रास्ते (tasya mitrāṇyamitrāste) 11; Dk. 19,171; M.1; प्रकृत्यमित्रा हि सतामसाधवः (prakṛtyamitrā hi satāmasādhavaḥ) Ki.14.21; Ms.7. 83;12.79;2.239.

-trā An enemy; °युध् (yudh) Ved. subduing one's enemies.

Derivable forms: amitraḥ (अमित्रः).

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Āmitra (आमित्र).—a. [amitra-aṇ] Inimical; odious; छित्वा शरासनं शत्रोर्नागमामित्रमार्दयत् (chitvā śarāsanaṃ śatrornāgamāmitramārdayat) Mb.8.12.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र).—m.

(-traḥ) An enemy, an adversary. mfn.

(-traḥ-trā-traṃ) Unfriendly, hostile. E. am to go, and itra Unadi affix, or a neg. and mitra a friend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र).—[masculine] (ā [feminine]) enemy; ad. vat†; [abstract] † [feminine]; [denominative] trāy, yate†.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amitra (अमित्र):—mf(ā) ([from] √am [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 1 73] or perhaps a-mitra, not a friend [Pāṇini 6-2, 116,]‘not having a friend’, but See abhyamitrīṇa, etc.) an enemy, adversary, foe, [Ṛg-veda etc.]

2) mfn. not having a friend.

3) Āmitra (आमित्र):—mf(ī)n. ([from] a-mitra), caused or produced by an enemy, inimical, odious, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) belonging to an enemy, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र):—[a-mitra] (traḥ) m. An enemy.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Amitra (अमित्र):—

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Āmitra (आमित्र):—(von amitra) adj. f. ī vom Feinde herrührend, feindlich geartet, feindselig [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 36, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1. 4.] nāsāmāā dadharṣati [Ṛgveda 6, 28, 3.] nārī pu.raṃ dhāvatu hasta.ṛhyāmi.rī bhī.ā sama.e va.hānām [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 20, 5.] tasmādapyāmitrau saṃgatya nāmnā cedabhivadato nyo nyaṃ sameva jānāte [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 13, 1, 6, 1.]

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Amitra (अमित्र):—n. Feind [KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 73] [?(Spr. 3558).] — adj. keinen Freund habend: amitrasya kutaḥ sukham [Spr. 3608.]

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Amitra (अमित्र):—(Nachträge) n. wohl fehlerhaft; vgl. [Spr. (II) 522.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Amitra (अमित्र):—1. —

1) m. Feind. Das n. [Indische sprüche 522.] verdächtig. vat Adv. nach Feindes Art [Böhtlingk’s Sanskrit-Chresthomathie 55,14.] —

2) f. ā Feindin [82,9.]

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Amitra (अमित्र):—2. Adj. keinen Freund habend [Indische sprüche 641.]

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Āmitra (आमित्र):—Adj. (f. ī) vom Feinde herrührend.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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