Amitra, Āmitra: 12 definitions


Amitra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Amitra (अमित्र).—A Marut of the second gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 93.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Amitra (अमित्र) refers to “enemies”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “When one is making fire by friction, first the flame takes fire on the soft grass and dried cow dung and, as the strength of the fire increases, it is able to consume big pieces of moist wood. It is the same for the concentration of loving-kindness (maitrī-samādhi): at the beginning, when one make the vows for loving-kindness, one applies them only to one’s  friends (mitra); but when the mind of loving-kindness has grown, enemies (amitra) and relatives (bandhu) become mixed up and one sees them all as experiencing happiness: this is because the dhyānas or samāpattis of loving-kindness have grown and are becoming complete”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

amitra (अमित्र).—a S Inimical or unfriendly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र).—[na mitram; by Uṇādi-sūtra 4.173 fr. am to go against; amerdviṣati cit; amitraḥ śatruḥ] Not a friend, an enemy, adversary, a foe, rival, opponent; स्याताममित्रौ मित्रे च सहजप्राकृतावपि (syātāmamitrau mitre ca sahajaprākṛtāvapi) Śiśupālavadha 2.36; तस्य मित्राण्यमित्रास्ते (tasya mitrāṇyamitrāste) 11; Dk. 19,171; M.1; प्रकृत्यमित्रा हि सतामसाधवः (prakṛtyamitrā hi satāmasādhavaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 14.21; Manusmṛti 7. 83;12.79;2.239.

-trā An enemy; °युध् (yudh) Ved. subduing one's enemies.

Derivable forms: amitraḥ (अमित्रः).

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Āmitra (आमित्र).—a. [amitra-aṇ] Inimical; odious; छित्वा शरासनं शत्रोर्नागमामित्रमार्दयत् (chitvā śarāsanaṃ śatrornāgamāmitramārdayat) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.12.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र).—m.

(-traḥ) An enemy, an adversary. mfn.

(-traḥ-trā-traṃ) Unfriendly, hostile. E. am to go, and itra Unadi affix, or a neg. and mitra a friend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र).—[masculine] (ā [feminine]) enemy; ad. vat†; [abstract] † [feminine]; [denominative] trāy, yate†.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amitra (अमित्र):—mf(ā) ([from] √am [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 1 73] or perhaps a-mitra, not a friend [Pāṇini 6-2, 116,]‘not having a friend’, but See abhyamitrīṇa, etc.) an enemy, adversary, foe, [Ṛg-veda etc.]

2) mfn. not having a friend.

3) Āmitra (आमित्र):—mf(ī)n. ([from] a-mitra), caused or produced by an enemy, inimical, odious, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) belonging to an enemy, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amitra (अमित्र):—[a-mitra] (traḥ) m. An enemy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Amitra (अमित्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Amitta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Amitra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Amitra (ಅಮಿತ್ರ):—[noun] (masc.) one who is not a friend, but hostile; an enemy.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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