Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 11.2.9

हतोऽपि लभते स्वर्गं हत्वा च लभते यशः ।
उभयं नो बहुगुणं नास्ति निष्फलता रणे ॥ ९ ॥

hato'pi labhate svargaṃ hatvā ca labhate yaśaḥ |
ubhayaṃ no bahuguṇaṃ nāsti niṣphalatā raṇe || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...existent at first. They exist in the period that intervenes. In the end they once more become non-existent. What matter of grief then is there in this? The man that indulges...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.2.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hata, Hatu, Api, Labhat, Svarga, Yasha, Yashas, Ubhaya, Asmad, Bahuguna, Nasti, Nishphalata, Rana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 11.2.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hato'pi labhate svargaṃ hatvā ca labhate yaśaḥ
  • hato' -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    hatu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
  • labhate -
  • labh -> labhat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh -> labhat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • svargam -
  • svarga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svarga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svargā (noun, feminine)
  • hatvā -
  • han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
    han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • labhate -
  • labh -> labhat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh -> labhat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • yaśaḥ -
  • yaśas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yaśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ubhayaṃ no bahuguṇaṃ nāsti niṣphalatā raṇe
  • ubhayam -
  • ubhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ubhayā (noun, feminine)
    ubhaya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • no* -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • bahuguṇam -
  • bahuguṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bahuguṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bahuguṇā (noun, feminine)
  • nāsti -
  • nāsti (indeclinable)
  • niṣphalatā* -
  • niṣphalatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • raṇe -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    raṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 11.2.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 11.2.9 in Kannada sript:
ಹತೋಽಪಿ ಲಭತೇ ಸ್ವರ್ಗಂ ಹತ್ವಾ ಚ ಲಭತೇ ಯಶಃ ।
ಉಭಯಂ ನೋ ಬಹುಗುಣಂ ನಾಸ್ತಿ ನಿಷ್ಫಲತಾ ರಣೇ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 11.2.9 in Bengali sript:
হতোঽপি লভতে স্বর্গং হত্বা চ লভতে যশঃ ।
উভযং নো বহুগুণং নাস্তি নিষ্ফলতা রণে ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 11.2.9 in Gujarati sript:
હતોઽપિ લભતે સ્વર્ગં હત્વા ચ લભતે યશઃ ।
ઉભયં નો બહુગુણં નાસ્તિ નિષ્ફલતા રણે ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 11.2.9 in Malayalam sript:
ഹതോഽപി ലഭതേ സ്വര്ഗം ഹത്വാ ച ലഭതേ യശഃ ।
ഉഭയം നോ ബഹുഗുണം നാസ്തി നിഷ്ഫലതാ രണേ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 11.2.9 in Telugu sript:
హతోఽపి లభతే స్వర్గం హత్వా చ లభతే యశః ।
ఉభయం నో బహుగుణం నాస్తి నిష్ఫలతా రణే ॥ ౯ ॥

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