Ubhaya, Ubhayā: 23 definitions


Ubhaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ubhay.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ubhaya (उभय) refers to “both”, according to the according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya.—Accordingly, “[...] (The Command is the goddess) Nityaklinnā (Perpetually Wet). Free and desirous of herself, she bestows perpetual bliss, which is delighted by phenomenal existence. In the middle of that (Drop) is the Divine Liṅga, which is eternal bliss that generates supreme bliss, (its) form the Drop and nature the Void. Churned by both (tad-ubhaya-mathana), it is divided by the six parts. I salute the venerable (Goddess) called Kubjikā whose beautiful body is aroused and makes love there. I salute the one whose name is the Nameless, who contemplates the phenomenal being of the Wheel of the Earth (which is the syllable AIṂ). Salutations to the goddess of bliss. Salutations to you whose form is the Yoni”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (samkhya philosophy)

Ubhaya (उभय) refers to “being free of” (happiness and sorrow), according to Vācaspatimiśra’s commentary on Sāṅkhyakārikā (Kārikā 19).—Accordingly, [while equating udāsīna with neutrality—mādhyasthya]: “Therefore, because the three Guṇasare absent, neutrality [is mentioned]. A happy person who is satisfied with happiness and a sad person who detests sorrow are not neutral. Thus, one who is neutral is free of [happiness and sorrow] (ubhaya-rahita) and he is also called udāsīna”.

Samkhya book cover
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: archive.org: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Ubhaya (उभय) refers to one of the “faults” (doṣa) mentioned in the Syādvādaratnākara as well as Prabhācandra’s Prameyakamalamārtaṇḍa (Nir. edn., p. 156),

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General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Ubhaya (उभय) refers to objects that are “partly animate, partly inanimate”, and represents classification of things that can be stolen (steya, caurya), according to Umāsvāti’s Śrāvaka-prajñapti 265 and Haribhadra’s commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 822b. It is related to the Asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Ubhaya (उभय, “evolving”) refers to a category of both anugāmi (following) and ananugāmi (preceding), according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.21. Anugāmi and Ananugāmi refer to a type of guṇapratyaya: a category of knowledge (jñāna) obtained by clairvoyance (avadhi-jñāna).

What is meant by ubhaya-anugāmi clairvoyance? This clairvoyant knowledge goes with the owner from one place and state (realm) to another with the owner

What is meant by ubhaya-ananugāmi (clairvoyant knowledge that does not follow its owner to another realm)? This clairvoyant knowledge does not go with the owner from one place and realm to another with the owner.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ubhaya.—cf. ubhaiyam (SII 1), an offering. Cf. ubhaya-paliśai (SITI), interest in two ways, i. e. in money and in kind. (SITI), a tax payable in gold; probably the same as ubhaya-mārga or the tolls collected on the highways in both the directions, i. e. inward and outward. (SII, Vol. III, p. 209), a gift to a temple or monastery in Tamil records. Note: ubhaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ubhaya : (pron.) both.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ubhaya, (adj.) (*ubha + ya, see ubho) both, twofold Sn. 547, 628, 712, 1106, 1107, 801 (°ante); Nd1 109 (°ante); J. I, 52; PvA. 11, 24, 35, 51.—nt. °ṃ as adv. in combn. with ca c’ûbhayaṃ following after 2nd. part of comprehension) “and both” for both-and; and also, alike, as well Dh. 404 (gahaṭṭhehi anāgārehi c’ûbhayaṃ with householders and houseless alike); Pv. I, 69.—Note. The form ubhayo at Pv. II, 310 is to be regarded as fem. pl. of ubho (= duve PvA. 86).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ubhaya (उभय).—pron (S) Both, twain, the two.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ubhaya (उभय).—pro Both, twain, the two.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय).—pron. a. (- f.) (Though dual in sense, it is used in the singular and plural only; according to some grammarians in the dual also) Both (of persons or things); यस्तद्वेदोभयं सह (yastadvedobhayaṃ saha) Īśa. Up.11 उभयमप्यपरितोषं समर्थये (ubhayamapyaparitoṣaṃ samarthaye) Ś.7; उभयमानशिरे वसुधाधिपाः (ubhayamānaśire vasudhādhipāḥ) R.9.9; उभयीं सिद्धिमुभाववापतुः (ubhayīṃ siddhimubhāvavāpatuḥ) 8. 23.17.38; Amaruśataka 6; Kumārasambhava 7.78; Manusmṛti 2.55,4.224,9.34,

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Ubhayā (उभया).—ind. Ved. In both ways; बृहस्पतिर्व उभया न मृळात् (bṛhaspatirva ubhayā na mṛḷāt) Ṛgveda 1.18.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय).—pron. (sing. and plu. only,) (-yaḥ-ye) Both. E. ubha and ya from to obtain, aff. ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय).—[ubha + ya], numeral, m. f. n. without dual. Both, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 55.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय).—[feminine] ī (sgl. & [plural]) both, of both sorts.

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Ubhayā (उभया).—[adverb] in both ways.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ubhaya (उभय):—[from ubha] mf(ī)n. (only sg. and [plural]; according to Hara-datta also [dual number] See, [Siddhānta-kaumudī vol. i, p.98]) both, of both kinds, in both ways, in both manners, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-āraṇyaka; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) Ubhayā (उभया):—[from ubha] 1. ubhayā ind. in both ways, [Ṛg-veda x, 108, 6.]

3) [from ubha] 2. ubhayā (in [compound] for ubhaya above).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय):—[(yaḥ-ye) a. Idem.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ubhaya (उभय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avaha, Ubhaya, Uvaha, Uhaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ubhaya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय) [Also spelled ubhay]:—(a) both; the two; ~[cara] an amphibian; amphibious; ~[ta]: on both sides; in both cases; in both manners; ~[tomukha] having a face at each of the two sides, double-faced; ~[niṣṭha] common to both; loyal to both; hence~[niṣṭhatā] (nf); [pakṣa] the two sides/parties/aspects; hence ~[pakṣatā] (nf); ~[bhāvī] ambivalent; ~[mukha] ambivert; •[] ambiversion;—[liṃga] common gender; ~[vidhi] of both types; ~[vṛtti] ambivalence; [ubhayātmaka] made up of the two, covering both.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ubhaya (उभय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ubhaya.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ubhaya (ಉಭಯ):—[adjective] both.

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Ubhaya (ಉಭಯ):—[pronoun] the two; the one and the other; both.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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