Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.54.31

प्रजासंहरणे क्षुब्धौ समुद्राविव दुस्तरौ ।
लोहिताङ्गाविव क्रुद्धौ प्रतपन्तौ महारथौ ॥ ३१ ॥

prajāsaṃharaṇe kṣubdhau samudrāviva dustarau |
lohitāṅgāviva kruddhau pratapantau mahārathau || 31 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...assumed the form of the mighty Garuda. With head-gear fastened on his head, and wearing an armour made of gold, licking the corners of his mouth, O monarch, with eyes...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.54.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Praja, Samharana, Kshubdha, Samudra, Iva, Dustara, Lohitanga, Kruddha, Pratapat, Maharatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.54.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prajāsaṃharaṇe kṣubdhau samudrāviva dustarau
  • prajā -
  • prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃharaṇe -
  • saṃharaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • kṣubdhau -
  • kṣubdha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṣubh -> kṣubdha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [nominative dual from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṣubh class 9 verb], [vocative dual from √kṣubh class 9 verb], [accusative dual from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
  • samudrāvi -
  • samudra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • dustarau -
  • dustara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “lohitāṅgāviva kruddhau pratapantau mahārathau
  • lohitāṅgāvi -
  • lohitāṅga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • kruddhau -
  • kruddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √krudh class 4 verb]
  • pratapantau -
  • pratapat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • mahārathau -
  • mahāratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.54.31

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.54.31 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರಜಾಸಂಹರಣೇ ಕ್ಷುಬ್ಧೌ ಸಮುದ್ರಾವಿವ ದುಸ್ತರೌ ।
ಲೋಹಿತಾಙ್ಗಾವಿವ ಕ್ರುದ್ಧೌ ಪ್ರತಪನ್ತೌ ಮಹಾರಥೌ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.54.31 in Bengali sript:
প্রজাসংহরণে ক্ষুব্ধৌ সমুদ্রাবিব দুস্তরৌ ।
লোহিতাঙ্গাবিব ক্রুদ্ধৌ প্রতপন্তৌ মহারথৌ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.54.31 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રજાસંહરણે ક્ષુબ્ધૌ સમુદ્રાવિવ દુસ્તરૌ ।
લોહિતાઙ્ગાવિવ ક્રુદ્ધૌ પ્રતપન્તૌ મહારથૌ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.54.31 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രജാസംഹരണേ ക്ഷുബ്ധൌ സമുദ്രാവിവ ദുസ്തരൌ ।
ലോഹിതാങ്ഗാവിവ ക്രുദ്ധൌ പ്രതപന്തൌ മഹാരഥൌ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.54.31 in Telugu sript:
ప్రజాసంహరణే క్షుబ్ధౌ సముద్రావివ దుస్తరౌ ।
లోహితాఙ్గావివ క్రుద్ధౌ ప్రతపన్తౌ మహారథౌ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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