Dustara, Dus-tara, Dushtara: 16 definitions


Dustara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dustar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dustara (दुस्तर) refers to “difficult (penance)” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] Oh dear, that Himalayan ridge devoid of Śiva was painfully seen by Pārvatī, the mother of the universe, the daughter of the mountain. She stood for a while in the place where formerly Śiva had performed penance [i.e., dustaraśaṃbhustaptavāndustaraṃ] and became dispirited by the pangs of separation. Crying aloud ‘Alas O Śiva’ she, the daughter of the mountain, lamented sorrowfully and anxiously. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dustara (दुस्तर) refers to “that (ocean) which is hard to cross”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, [while describing the visualized form of Navātman Bhairava]: “[...] He who practices the Navātmānanda Bhairava, in this way quickly attains success. O fair lady, it is the means to attain all the things (one) desires. He who has Navātman in (his) heart holds success in (his) hand. O fair lady, the Krama of one who does not deposit the Vaḍava Fire of Navātman is empty; (his) effort, O goddess, is useless. He is not liberated (and is like) those who are sunk in sinful action. O mistress of the God of the gods, he sinks into the ocean of transmigration which is hard to cross (dustara). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Duṣṭara (दुष्टर) refers to “overcoming wrong”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In the Mandala, an obscured Himalaya, abiding seated in lotus posture, [..] making many triple-dark demons, world protectors, destroying all fear, with a tiger skin garment, doing wrong, overcoming wrong (duṣṭara), firm, deep, the letters Hūṃ, Phaṭ, or the letters Hāṃ Hāṃ, filling up the entire sky, [...] a helper for crossing over together, the dreadful wilderness of saṃsāra, routing Māra, Śrī Vajrasattva, homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dustara (दुस्तर).—a S Hard to get over, lit. fig. incurable or hopeless--a disease: insurmountable--an obstacle: impassable--a river, a road: impracticable--a task or work. Ex. maja sōḍavī dātārā || karmāpāsuni dustarā ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dustara (दुस्तर).—a Hard to get over; incurable or hopeless-a disease.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dustara (दुस्तर).—a. (duṣṭara or dustara)

1) difficult to be crossed; तितीर्षुर्दुस्तरं मोहादुडुपेनास्मि सागरम् (titīrṣurdustaraṃ mohāduḍupenāsmi sāgaram) R.1.2; Ms;4.242; प्रविशेन्मुखमाहेयं दुस्तरं वा महार्णवम् (praviśenmukhamāheyaṃ dustaraṃ vā mahārṇavam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.111.

2) difficult to be subdued, insuperable, invincible.

3) not to be surpassed or excelled.

4) difficult to be borne or endured.

Dustara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and tara (तर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dustara (दुस्तर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Difficult to be crossed. E. dur, and tara crossing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣṭara (दुष्टर).—i. e. dus-tṛ10 + a, adj. Unconquerable, Chr. 291, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 14.

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Dustara (दुस्तर).—adj., f. . 1. hard to be crossed or traversed, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 28, 9; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 242. 2. hard to be overcome, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 2, 46. 3. irresistible, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 16, 32.

Dustara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and tara (तर).

--- OR ---

Dustāra (दुस्तार).—adj. difficult to be crossed or overcome, Mahābhārata 6, 2337; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 14, 26.

Dustāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and tāra (तार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣṭara (दुष्टर).—[adjective] unconquerable, irresistible, unbearable, unsufferable.

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Dustara (दुस्तर).—[adjective] difficult to be crossed or overcome.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dustara (दुस्तर):—[=dus-tara] [from dus > dur] mfn. (cf. ṣ-ṭ) difficult to be passed or overcome, unconquerable, invincible, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

2) Dustāra (दुस्तार):—[=dus-tāra] [from dus > dur] mfn. = -tara, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dustara (दुस्तर):—[du-stara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Hard to be crossed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dustara (दुस्तर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Duttara, Duttāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dustara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dustara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dustara (दुस्तर) [Also spelled dustar]:—(a) difficult to cross, impassable; insurmountable, insuperable.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dustara (ದುಸ್ತರ):—

1) [adjective] that cannot be crossed over or passed through.

2) [adjective] that cannot be prevented, warded off.

3) [adjective] that cannot be defeated, overcome or subdued.

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Dustara (ದುಸ್ತರ):—

1) [noun] that which cannot be crossed over or passed through.

2) [noun] that which cannot be endured, tolerated.

3) [noun] that which is difficult to get, achieve, etc.

--- OR ---

Dustāra (ದುಸ್ತಾರ):—[adjective] = ದುಸ್ತರ [dustara]1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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