Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.54.30

सिंहाविव दुराधर्षौ गदायुद्धे परंतपौ ।
नखदंष्ट्रायुधौ वीरौ व्याघ्राविव दुरुत्सहौ ॥ ३० ॥

siṃhāviva durādharṣau gadāyuddhe paraṃtapau |
nakhadaṃṣṭrāyudhau vīrau vyāghrāviva durutsahau || 30 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...The ground there was not sandy and was, therefore, selected for the encounter. Clad in armour, and armed with his mace of gigantic thickness, Bhima, O monarch, assumed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.54.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Simha, Iva, Duradharsha, Gadayuddha, Parantapa, Nakha, Damshtrayudha, Vira, Vyaghra, Durutsaha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.54.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “siṃhāviva durādharṣau gadāyuddhe paraṃtapau
  • siṃhāvi -
  • siṃha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • durādharṣau -
  • durādharṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • gadāyuddhe -
  • gadāyuddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • parantapau -
  • parantapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “nakhadaṃṣṭrāyudhau vīrau vyāghrāviva durutsahau
  • nakha -
  • nakha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nakha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nakh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • daṃṣṭrāyudhau -
  • daṃṣṭrāyudha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vīrau -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vyāghrāvi -
  • vyāghra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • durutsahau -
  • durutsaha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.54.30

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.54.30 in Kannada sript:
ಸಿಂಹಾವಿವ ದುರಾಧರ್ಷೌ ಗದಾಯುದ್ಧೇ ಪರಂತಪೌ ।
ನಖದಂಷ್ಟ್ರಾಯುಧೌ ವೀರೌ ವ್ಯಾಘ್ರಾವಿವ ದುರುತ್ಸಹೌ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.54.30 in Bengali sript:
সিংহাবিব দুরাধর্ষৌ গদাযুদ্ধে পরংতপৌ ।
নখদংষ্ট্রাযুধৌ বীরৌ ব্যাঘ্রাবিব দুরুত্সহৌ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.54.30 in Gujarati sript:
સિંહાવિવ દુરાધર્ષૌ ગદાયુદ્ધે પરંતપૌ ।
નખદંષ્ટ્રાયુધૌ વીરૌ વ્યાઘ્રાવિવ દુરુત્સહૌ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.54.30 in Malayalam sript:
സിംഹാവിവ ദുരാധര്ഷൌ ഗദായുദ്ധേ പരംതപൌ ।
നഖദംഷ്ട്രായുധൌ വീരൌ വ്യാഘ്രാവിവ ദുരുത്സഹൌ ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 9.54.30 in Telugu sript:
సింహావివ దురాధర్షౌ గదాయుద్ధే పరంతపౌ ।
నఖదంష్ట్రాయుధౌ వీరౌ వ్యాఘ్రావివ దురుత్సహౌ ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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