Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.59.42

संभग्नं हि बलं दृष्ट्वा बलात्पार्थेन तावकम् ।
धनुर्विस्फारयन्कर्णस्तस्थौ शत्रुजिघांसया ।
पाञ्चालान्पुनराधावत्पश्यतः सव्यसाचिनः ॥ ४२ ॥

saṃbhagnaṃ hi balaṃ dṛṣṭvā balātpārthena tāvakam |
dhanurvisphārayankarṇastasthau śatrujighāṃsayā |
pāñcālānpunarādhāvatpaśyataḥ savyasācinaḥ || 42 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...clouds and covering the welkin. Each having encouraged his troops, saying, "Do not fly away!" the enemy and your warriors stood their ground, encircling those two mighty car-warriors like the gods and the asuras...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.59.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sambhagna, Bala, Balat, Partha, Tavaka, Dhanu, Dhanus, Visphara, Yat, Karna, Tastha, Jighamsa, Pancala, Punar, Pashyat, Pashyata, Savyasacin, Savyasaci,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.59.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃbhagnaṃ hi balaṃ dṛṣṭvā balātpārthena tāvakam
  • sambhagnam -
  • sambhagna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sambhagna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sambhagnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • balam -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    balā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • balāt -
  • balāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • pārthena -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    pārtha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tāvakam -
  • tāvaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tāvaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “dhanurvisphārayankarṇastasthau śatrujighāṃsayā
  • dhanur -
  • dhanus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhanu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhanu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • visphāra -
  • visphāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yan -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • karṇas -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasthau -
  • tastha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • śatru -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • jighāṃsayā -
  • jighāṃsā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 3: “pāñcālānpunarādhāvatpaśyataḥ savyasācinaḥ
  • pāñcālān -
  • pāñcāla (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ā -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • adhāvat -
  • dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
    dhāv (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • paśyataḥ -
  • paśyat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    paśyata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • savyasācinaḥ -
  • savyasācin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    savyasācin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    savyasācī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.59.42

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.59.42 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಭಗ್ನಂ ಹಿ ಬಲಂ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ಬಲಾತ್ಪಾರ್ಥೇನ ತಾವಕಮ್ ।
ಧನುರ್ವಿಸ್ಫಾರಯನ್ಕರ್ಣಸ್ತಸ್ಥೌ ಶತ್ರುಜಿಘಾಂಸಯಾ ।
ಪಾಞ್ಚಾಲಾನ್ಪುನರಾಧಾವತ್ಪಶ್ಯತಃ ಸವ್ಯಸಾಚಿನಃ ॥ ೪೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.59.42 in Bengali sript:
সংভগ্নং হি বলং দৃষ্ট্বা বলাত্পার্থেন তাবকম্ ।
ধনুর্বিস্ফারযন্কর্ণস্তস্থৌ শত্রুজিঘাংসযা ।
পাঞ্চালান্পুনরাধাবত্পশ্যতঃ সব্যসাচিনঃ ॥ ৪২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.59.42 in Gujarati sript:
સંભગ્નં હિ બલં દૃષ્ટ્વા બલાત્પાર્થેન તાવકમ્ ।
ધનુર્વિસ્ફારયન્કર્ણસ્તસ્થૌ શત્રુજિઘાંસયા ।
પાઞ્ચાલાન્પુનરાધાવત્પશ્યતઃ સવ્યસાચિનઃ ॥ ૪૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.59.42 in Malayalam sript:
സംഭഗ്നം ഹി ബലം ദൃഷ്ട്വാ ബലാത്പാര്ഥേന താവകമ് ।
ധനുര്വിസ്ഫാരയന്കര്ണസ്തസ്ഥൌ ശത്രുജിഘാംസയാ ।
പാഞ്ചാലാന്പുനരാധാവത്പശ്യതഃ സവ്യസാചിനഃ ॥ ൪൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.59.42 in Telugu sript:
సంభగ్నం హి బలం దృష్ట్వా బలాత్పార్థేన తావకమ్ ।
ధనుర్విస్ఫారయన్కర్ణస్తస్థౌ శత్రుజిఘాంసయా ।
పాఞ్చాలాన్పునరాధావత్పశ్యతః సవ్యసాచినః ॥ ౪౨ ॥

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