Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.55.1

संजय उवाच ।
एतच्छ्रुत्वा वचस्तस्य केशवस्य महात्मनः ।
सुभद्रा पुत्रशोकार्ता विललाप सुदुःखिता ॥ १ ॥

saṃjaya uvāca |
etacchrutvā vacastasya keśavasya mahātmanaḥ |
subhadrā putraśokārtā vilalāpa suduḥkhitā || 1 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

.... For this he came to be called Prithu (the celebrated). And because he protected all people from wounds and injuries, for this he became a true Kshatriya.{GL_NOTE:158887:} Beholding...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.55.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sanjaya, Etad, Vaca, Vacas, Tad, Keshava, Mahatman, Subhadra, Putrashoka, Arta, Vilala, Apa, Suduhkhita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.55.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃjaya uvāca
  • sañjaya* -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “etacchrutvā vacastasya keśavasya mahātmanaḥ
  • etacch -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • vacas -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • keśavasya -
  • keśava (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    keśava (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • mahātmanaḥ -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mahātman (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 3: “subhadrā putraśokārtā vilalāpa suduḥkhitā
  • subhadrā -
  • subhadrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • putraśokā -
  • putraśoka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putraśoka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ārtā* -
  • ārta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ārtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vilalā -
  • vilalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • apa -
  • apa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • suduḥkhitā -
  • suduḥkhitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.55.1

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.55.1 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಜಯ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಏತಚ್ಛ್ರುತ್ವಾ ವಚಸ್ತಸ್ಯ ಕೇಶವಸ್ಯ ಮಹಾತ್ಮನಃ ।
ಸುಭದ್ರಾ ಪುತ್ರಶೋಕಾರ್ತಾ ವಿಲಲಾಪ ಸುದುಃಖಿತಾ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.55.1 in Bengali sript:
সংজয উবাচ ।
এতচ্ছ্রুত্বা বচস্তস্য কেশবস্য মহাত্মনঃ ।
সুভদ্রা পুত্রশোকার্তা বিললাপ সুদুঃখিতা ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.55.1 in Gujarati sript:
સંજય ઉવાચ ।
એતચ્છ્રુત્વા વચસ્તસ્ય કેશવસ્ય મહાત્મનઃ ।
સુભદ્રા પુત્રશોકાર્તા વિલલાપ સુદુઃખિતા ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.55.1 in Malayalam sript:
സംജയ ഉവാച ।
ഏതച്ഛ്രുത്വാ വചസ്തസ്യ കേശവസ്യ മഹാത്മനഃ ।
സുഭദ്രാ പുത്രശോകാര്താ വിലലാപ സുദുഃഖിതാ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.55.1 in Telugu sript:
సంజయ ఉవాచ ।
ఏతచ్ఛ్రుత్వా వచస్తస్య కేశవస్య మహాత్మనః ।
సుభద్రా పుత్రశోకార్తా విలలాప సుదుఃఖితా ॥ ౧ ॥

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