Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 9.2.45

मद्रक्षार्थं प्रवृत्तश्च बन्धनायेह तस्य सः ।
राजपुत्रो मया देवि वीरशर्मा निवारितः ॥ ४४ ॥

madrakṣārthaṃ pravṛttaśca bandhanāyeha tasya saḥ |
rājaputro mayā devi vīraśarmā nivāritaḥ || 44 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 9.2.45 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.2.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Madra, Ksha, Artha, Pravritta, Bandhana, Tad, Rajaputra, Maya, Devi, Devin, Virasharman, Nivarita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 9.2.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “madrakṣārthaṃ pravṛttaśca bandhanāyeha tasya saḥ”
  • madra -
  • madra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    madra (vocative single)
    madra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    madra (vocative single)
  • kṣā -
  • kṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kṣa (vocative single)
    kṣa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kṣa (vocative single)
    kṣā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    kṣā (nominative single)
    kṣā (nominative single)
    kṣā (nominative single)
    kṣā (nominative single)
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    artham (adverb)
    artham (accusative single)
    artha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    artham (adverb)
    artham (nominative single)
    artham (accusative single)
  • pravṛttaś -
  • pravṛtta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pravṛttaḥ (nominative single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • bandhanāye -
  • bandhana (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bandhanāya (dative single)
    bandhana (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    bandhanāya (dative single)
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iha (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √tas
    ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    tad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    tas (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    tasya (imperative active second single)
  • saḥ -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    saḥ (nominative single)
  • Line2: “rājaputro mayā devi vīraśarmā nivāritaḥ”
  • rājaputro* -
  • rājaputra (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    rājaputraḥ (nominative single)
  • mayā* -
  • maya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    mayāḥ (nominative plural)
    mayāḥ (vocative plural)
    mayā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    mayāḥ (nominative plural)
    mayāḥ (vocative plural)
    mayāḥ (accusative plural)
  • devi -
  • devī (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    devi (adverb)
    devi (adverb)
    devi (vocative single)
    devi (vocative single)
    devin (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    devi (compound)
    devi (adverb)
    devin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    devi (compound)
    devi (adverb)
    devi (nominative single)
    devi (vocative single)
    devi (accusative single)
  • vīraśarmā -
  • vīraśarman (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vīraśarmā (nominative single)
  • nivāritaḥ -
  • nivārita (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nivāritaḥ (nominative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 9.2.45

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.2.45 in Bengali sript:
মদ্রক্ষার্থং প্রবৃত্তশ্চ বন্ধনাযেহ তস্য সঃ ।
রাজপুত্রো মযা দেবি বীরশর্মা নিবারিতঃ ॥ ৪৪ ॥

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