Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 4.128

स्व-सैन्येन तु सन्धानम् आत्मादिष्ट उदाहृतः ।
क्रियते प्राण-रक्षार्थं सर्व-दानाद् उपग्रहः ॥ १२८ ॥

sva-sainyena tu sandhānam ātmādiṣṭa udāhṛtaḥ |
kriyate prāṇa-rakṣārthaṃ sarva-dānād upagrahaḥ || 128 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 4.128 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.128). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sva, Svan, Sainya, Sandhana, Atmadishta, Udahrita, Kriyat, Prana, Rakshartha, Sarva, Dana, Upagraha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 4.128). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sva-sainyena tu sandhānam ātmādiṣṭa udāhṛtaḥ
  • sva -
  • sva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • sainyena -
  • sainya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sainya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sandhānam -
  • sandhāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sandhāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sandhānā (noun, feminine)
  • ātmādiṣṭa*u -
  • ātmādiṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ud -
  • udāhṛtaḥ -
  • udāhṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kriyate prāṇa-rakṣārthaṃ sarva-dānād upagrahaḥ
  • kriyate -
  • kṛ -> kriyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kriyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [present passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [present middle third single], [present passive third single]
  • prāṇa -
  • prāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rakṣārtham -
  • rakṣārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rakṣārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarva -
  • sarva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • dānād -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • upagrahaḥ -
  • upagraha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 4.128

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.128 in Gujarati sript:
સ્વ-સૈન્યેન તુ સન્ધાનમ્ આત્માદિષ્ટ ઉદાહૃતઃ ।
ક્રિયતે પ્રાણ-રક્ષાર્થં સર્વ-દાનાદ્ ઉપગ્રહઃ ॥ ૧૨૮ ॥

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