Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 17.6

धर्मार्थकाममोक्षेषु जीविते मरणे तथा ।
कस्याप्युदारचित्तस्य हेयोपादेयता न हि ॥ ६ ॥

dharmārthakāmamokṣeṣu jīvite maraṇe tathā |
kasyāpyudāracittasya heyopādeyatā na hi || 6 ||

It is only the noble minded who is free from attraction or repulsion to religion, wealth, sensuality, and life and death too.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dharmarthakamamoksha, Jivita, Marana, Tatha, Kah, Kim, Api, Udara, Citta, Heya, Upadeya, Tas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dharmārthakāmamokṣeṣu jīvite maraṇe tathā
  • dharmārthakāmamokṣeṣu -
  • dharmārthakāmamokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • jīvite -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [locative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • maraṇe -
  • maraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kasyāpyudāracittasya heyopādeyatā na hi
  • kasyā -
  • kas -> kasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kas]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • apyu -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • udāra -
  • udāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    udāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cittasya -
  • citta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    citta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • heyo -
  • heya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    heya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    heyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    -> heya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> heya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> heyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> heya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> heya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> heyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ class 3 verb]
    hi -> heya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> heya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> heyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √hi class 5 verb]
  • upādeya -
  • upādeya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upādeya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.6

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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