Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 17.5

बुभुक्षुरिह संसारे मुमुक्षुरपि दृश्यते ।
भोगमोक्षनिराकाङ्क्षी विरलो हि महाशयः ॥ ५ ॥

bubhukṣuriha saṃsāre mumukṣurapi dṛśyate |
bhogamokṣanirākāṅkṣī viralo hi mahāśayaḥ || 5 ||

Those who desire pleasure and those who desire liberation are both found in samsara, but the great souled man who desires neither pleasure nor liberation is rare indeed.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bubhukshu, Iha, Samsara, Mumukshu, Api, Drishyata, Bhogamoksha, Niraka, Ankshi, Virala, Mahashaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bubhukṣuriha saṃsāre mumukṣurapi dṛśyate
  • bubhukṣur -
  • bubhukṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bubhukṣu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
  • saṃsāre -
  • saṃsāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • mumukṣur -
  • mumukṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mumukṣu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
  • dṛśyate -
  • dṛśyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dṛś (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “bhogamokṣanirākāṅkṣī viralo hi mahāśayaḥ
  • bhogamokṣa -
  • bhogamokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhogamokṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nirākā -
  • nirāka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • āṅkṣī -
  • āṅkṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • viralo* -
  • virala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • mahāśayaḥ -
  • mahāśaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.5

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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