Dhuma, aka: Dhūma, Dhūmā; 10 Definition(s)


Dhuma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

The term dhūma “smoke” here in Chapter 7 has been rendered ‘smoking’ or ‘inhalation’ by the translations of both R.K. Sharma and Priyavrat Sharma, but the latter also offers ‘snuff’ as another alternative. In the Sūtrasthāna section of the Carakasaṃhitā (Chap. 5, śloka 26), Sharma and Bhagwan Dash employ the term ‘cigar’ to describe the procedure of dhūma, thus suggesting the use of paraphernalia to deliver the smoke.

Source: The University of Texas at Austin: Chapter 7 of the Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Aśvā (धूमा, “smoke”) refers to “she-buffalo” and represents the second of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular yoni (eg., dhūmā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Dhūma (धूम, “clouded”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dhūma). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dhūma (धूम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhūma] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dhuma in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhūma : (m.) smoke; fumes.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dhūma, (Vedic dhūma=Lat. fumus; Gr. qumόs (mood, mind), qumiάw (fumigate); Ohg. toum etc. Idg. *dhu, cp. Gr. qu/w (burn incense), qu/os (incense). See also dhunāti) smoke, fumes Vin.I, 204 (aroma of drugs); M.I, 220 (dh °ṃ kattā); A.V, 352 (id.); A.II, 53; IV, 72 sq.; V, 347 sq.; J.III, 401, 422 (tumhākaṃ dh-kāle at the time when you will end in smoke, i.e. at your cremation); DhA.I, 370 (eka° one mass of smoke); VvA.173 (for dhūpa, in gandhapuppha°); PvA.230 (micchā-vitakka° in expl. of vidhūma).

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Dhuma, in °kaṭacchuka=druma° having a wooden spoon (see duma), cp. Mar. dhumārā? (Ed. in note) DhA.II, 59. (Doubtful reading.) (Page 342)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dhumā (धुमा).—m (dhūma!) The bass-end of a pakhavāja or mṛdaṅga. 2 Clamor of musical instruments; loud and lively music. v gājava. 3 (dhūma Smoke.) Discomfiture or rout (as of an army): also devastation, demolition, ravaged or ruined state gen. v kara, uḍava.

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dhūma (धूम).—f A run or running, a race. v māra, ṭhōka. 2 fig. Spirit, ardor, daring, pluck. 3 (Imit.) The bass-sound in music, and the bass-end or bassmember of a pakhavāja or mṛdaṅga, sambaḷa &c. 4 The roar of a cannonading &c. 5 It is used with great freedom to express overflowing abundance, or extravagance and vehemence of action, or any scene wildly vivid and tumultuous. Ex. ambyācī dhūma; lāḍavāñcī tupācī dhūma; udamācī dhūma; pāvasānēṃ dhūma kēlī; pēṇḍhāṛyānnīṃ mulakānta dhūma māṇḍalī; kṣaṇabhara pantōjī gēlā mhaṇajē pōrēṃ dhūma māṇḍatāta; dārōḍyācī or cōrāñcī dhūma; pāhuṇyāñcī dhūma; gāṇyācī-nācaṇyācī-khēḷaṇyācī dhūma. 6 Used as ad Impetuously, vehemently, smartly, vigorously. Ex. pāūsa dhūma paḍatō; dhūma kāma cālalēṃ; jarīmarīnēṃ dhūma māṇasēṃ marūṃ lāgalīṃ; tō dhūma lōkāsa māratō-tōḍatō-śivyā dētō; dhūma phauja paḷālī- ghōḍā nighālā-tōphā suṭalyā. dhūma pāhaṇēṃ g. of o. To try one's mettle; to put to the test (one's reach, stretch, run, extent of vigor or daring). ēkā dhumāvaraca (gāṃva &c.) Situate at the distance of one run or stretch.

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dhūma (धूम).—m (S) Smoke.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhūma (धूम).—f A run, a race. Spirit. ad Impetu- ously, vehemently.

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dhūma (धूम).—m A smoke.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhūma (धूम).—[dhū-kampe mak]

1) Smoke, vapour; शिरांस्यपातयत्त्रीणि वेगवद्भिस्त्रिभिः शरैः । सधूमशोणितोद्गारी रामबाणाभिपीडितः (śirāṃsyapātayattrīṇi vegavadbhistribhiḥ śaraiḥ | sadhūmaśoṇitodgārī rāmabāṇābhipīḍitaḥ) || Rām. 3.27.18. धूमज्योतिःसलिलमरुतां सन्निपातः क्व मेघः (dhūmajyotiḥsalilamarutāṃ sannipātaḥ kva meghaḥ) Me.5.

2) Mist, haze.

3) (a) A meteor. (b) The fall of a meteor.

4) A cloud.

5) Smoke inhaled (as a sternutatory).

6) Belch, eructation.

7) A place prepared for the building of a house.

Derivable forms: dhūmaḥ (धूमः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhūma (धूम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Smoke. 2. Scent. E. dhū to agitate, Unadi affix mak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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