Dhuma, Dhūma, Dhūmā: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dhuma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Dhūma (धूम) refers to an “inhalant”, mentioned in verse 4.18-19 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Erysipelas, urticaria, leprosy itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever as well as cough, dyspnea, palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting. A gargle, an inhalant [viz., dhūma], a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.

Source: The University of Texas at Austin: Chapter 7 of the Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna

The term dhūma “smoke” here in Chapter 7 has been rendered ‘smoking’ or ‘inhalation’ by the translations of both R.K. Sharma and Priyavrat Sharma, but the latter also offers ‘snuff’ as another alternative. In the Sūtrasthāna section of the Carakasaṃhitā (Chap. 5, śloka 26), Sharma and Bhagwan Dash employ the term ‘cigar’ to describe the procedure of dhūma, thus suggesting the use of paraphernalia to deliver the smoke.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Dhūmā (धूमा, “smoke”) refers to “she-buffalo” and represents the second of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular yoni (e.g., dhūmā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhūma (धूम) or Dhūmra refers to “smoke”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] then I began to consider proper means whereby I could see the face. Afflicted much by the cupid, I pitched upon the production of airful smoke (dhūmra) as the means thereof. I put many wet twigs into the fire. Only very little ghee did I pour into the fire. Much smoke (dhūma) arose out of the fire from the wet twigs, so much so that darkness enveloped the whole altar ground (and the neighbourhood)”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Dhūma (धूम) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dhūma).

2) Dhūmā (धूमा) is also the name of a Piśācī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Dhūma (धूम, “clouded”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., dhūma). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dhūma (धूम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhūma] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhūma : (m.) smoke; fumes.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dhūma, (Vedic dhūma=Lat. fumus; Gr. qumόs (mood, mind), qumiάw (fumigate); Ohg. toum etc. Idg. *dhu, cp. Gr. qu/w (burn incense), qu/os (incense). See also dhunāti) smoke, fumes Vin.I, 204 (aroma of drugs); M.I, 220 (dh °ṃ kattā); A.V, 352 (id.); A.II, 53; IV, 72 sq.; V, 347 sq.; J.III, 401, 422 (tumhākaṃ dh-kāle at the time when you will end in smoke, i.e. at your cremation); DhA.I, 370 (eka° one mass of smoke); VvA.173 (for dhūpa, in gandhapuppha°); PvA.230 (micchā-vitakka° in expl. of vidhūma).

— or —

Dhuma, in °kaṭacchuka=druma° having a wooden spoon (see duma), cp. Mar. dhumārā? (Ed. in note) DhA.II, 59. (Doubtful reading.) (Page 342)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhumā (धुमा).—m (dhūma!) The bass-end of a pakhavāja or mṛdaṅga. 2 Clamor of musical instruments; loud and lively music. v gājava. 3 (dhūma Smoke.) Discomfiture or rout (as of an army): also devastation, demolition, ravaged or ruined state gen. v kara, uḍava.

--- OR ---

dhūma (धूम).—f A run or running, a race. v māra, ṭhōka. 2 fig. Spirit, ardor, daring, pluck. 3 (Imit.) The bass-sound in music, and the bass-end or bassmember of a pakhavāja or mṛdaṅga, sambaḷa &c. 4 The roar of a cannonading &c. 5 It is used with great freedom to express overflowing abundance, or extravagance and vehemence of action, or any scene wildly vivid and tumultuous. Ex. ambyācī dhūma; lāḍavāñcī tupācī dhūma; udamācī dhūma; pāvasānēṃ dhūma kēlī; pēṇḍhāṛyānnīṃ mulakānta dhūma māṇḍalī; kṣaṇabhara pantōjī gēlā mhaṇajē pōrēṃ dhūma māṇḍatāta; dārōḍyācī or cōrāñcī dhūma; pāhuṇyāñcī dhūma; gāṇyācī-nācaṇyācī-khēḷaṇyācī dhūma. 6 Used as ad Impetuously, vehemently, smartly, vigorously. Ex. pāūsa dhūma paḍatō; dhūma kāma cālalēṃ; jarīmarīnēṃ dhūma māṇasēṃ marūṃ lāgalīṃ; tō dhūma lōkāsa māratō-tōḍatō-śivyā dētō; dhūma phauja paḷālī- ghōḍā nighālā-tōphā suṭalyā. dhūma pāhaṇēṃ g. of o. To try one's mettle; to put to the test (one's reach, stretch, run, extent of vigor or daring). ēkā dhumāvaraca (gāṃva &c.) Situate at the distance of one run or stretch.

--- OR ---

dhūma (धूम).—m (S) Smoke.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhūma (धूम).—f A run, a race. Spirit. ad Impetu- ously, vehemently.

--- OR ---

dhūma (धूम).—m A smoke.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhūma (धूम).—[dhū-kampe mak]

1) Smoke, vapour; शिरांस्यपातयत्त्रीणि वेगवद्भिस्त्रिभिः शरैः । सधूमशोणितोद्गारी रामबाणाभिपीडितः (śirāṃsyapātayattrīṇi vegavadbhistribhiḥ śaraiḥ | sadhūmaśoṇitodgārī rāmabāṇābhipīḍitaḥ) || Rām. 3.27.18. धूमज्योतिःसलिलमरुतां सन्निपातः क्व मेघः (dhūmajyotiḥsalilamarutāṃ sannipātaḥ kva meghaḥ) Me.5.

2) Mist, haze.

3) (a) A meteor. (b) The fall of a meteor.

4) A cloud.

5) Smoke inhaled (as a sternutatory).

6) Belch, eructation.

7) A place prepared for the building of a house.

Derivable forms: dhūmaḥ (धूमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhūma (धूम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Smoke. 2. Scent. E. dhū to agitate, Unadi affix mak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhūma (धूम).— (vb. dhū, or dhmā), m. Smoke, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 69.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhūma (धूम).—([masculine] sgl. & [plural]) smoke, vapour, incense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhūma (धूम):—[from dhū] a m. (√dhū or 1. dhvan) smoke, vapour, mist, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] smoke as a sternutatory (in 5 forms), [Suśruta] : a place prepared for the building of a house, [Jyotiṣa]

3) [v.s. ...] wheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of incense, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a saint, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] gargādi

7) Dhūmā (धूमा):—[from dhūma > dhū] f. a kind of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Dhūma (धूम):—[from dhū] cf. [Latin] fumus.

9) [from dhūp] b See above.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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