Vakshas, Vakṣas, Vakshash: 12 definitions


Vakshas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vakṣas can be transliterated into English as Vaksas or Vakshas, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vakṣas (वक्षस्) or Vakṣa is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “chest, breast”, and used in Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Vakṣas (वक्षस्, “chest”) refers to one of the seven “major limbs” (aṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Aṅgas or major limbs include the head, hands, chest, sides (viz., Vakṣas), waist, and feet; at times the neck is also used as a separate limb.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vakṣas (वक्षस्) refers to the “chest”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] may she be pleased with us, for keeping up the sustenance of the world, she, who in the form of slumber that is extremely exhilarating to all born in the universe, extends pleasure in the nose, eyes, face, arms, chest (i.e., vakṣas) and the mind”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vakshas in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vakṣas (वक्षस्) refers to the “chest”, according to the Dattātreyayogaśāstra verse 35-38ab.—Accordingly, while describing the lotus pose (padmāsana): “Having carefully placed the upturned feet on the thighs and the upturned hands in between the thighs, [the Yogin] should fix the eyes on the tip of the nose. Having lifted the uvula with the tongue; having fixed the chin on the chest (vakṣas) and having drawn in the breath slowly according to his capacity, he should fill [the region of] the stomach. After that, he should exhale the breath slowly according to his capacity. This is said to be padmāsana, which destroys all diseases”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—n. [vah asun suṭ ca Uṇādi-sūtra 4.227-228]

1) The breast, bosom, chest; कपाटवक्षाः परिणद्धकन्धरः (kapāṭavakṣāḥ pariṇaddhakandharaḥ) R.3.34.

2) Ved. Strength. -m. An ox, a bull.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—n.

(-kṣaḥ) The breast, the bosom, the chest. m.

(-kṣāḥ) An ox, (confined to the Vedas.) E. vac to speak, or vakṣ to accumulate, aff. asun in the first case suṭ is inserted; again vah to bear, asun aff., suṭ augment, and the deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—n. The breast, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 130; the bosom, [Pañcatantra] 239, 4.

— Probably for original pakṣas, akin to pakṣa (cf. piba, piva, for original pipā, baṇij, vaṇij, for paṇi-j); and cf. [Latin] pectus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—[neuter] breast, chest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vakṣaś (वक्षश्):—[from vakṣ] in [compound] for vakṣas.

2) Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—[from vakṣ] n. sg. and [plural] (cf. vakṣaṇa and pakṣas) the breast, bosom, chest, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. an ox, bullock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—(kṣaḥ) 5. n. Idem. m. An ox.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vakṣas (वक्षस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaccha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vakshas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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