Vakshas, Vakṣas, Vakshash: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vakshas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vakṣas can be transliterated into English as Vaksas or Vakshas, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vakṣas (वक्षस्) or Vakṣa is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “chest, breast”, and used in Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Vakṣas (वक्षस्, “chest”) refers to one of the seven “major limbs” (aṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Aṅgas or major limbs include the head, hands, chest, sides (viz., Vakṣas), waist, and feet; at times the neck is also used as a separate limb.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vakṣas (वक्षस्) refers to the “chest”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] may she be pleased with us, for keeping up the sustenance of the world, she, who in the form of slumber that is extremely exhilarating to all born in the universe, extends pleasure in the nose, eyes, face, arms, chest (i.e., vakṣas) and the mind”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—n. [vah asun suṭ ca Uṇ.4.227-228]

1) The breast, bosom, chest; कपाटवक्षाः परिणद्धकन्धरः (kapāṭavakṣāḥ pariṇaddhakandharaḥ) R.3.34.

2) Ved. Strength. -m. An ox, a bull.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—n.

(-kṣaḥ) The breast, the bosom, the chest. m.

(-kṣāḥ) An ox, (confined to the Vedas.) E. vac to speak, or vakṣ to accumulate, aff. asun in the first case suṭ is inserted; again vah to bear, asun aff., suṭ augment, and the deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—n. The breast, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 130; the bosom, [Pañcatantra] 239, 4.

— Probably for original pakṣas, akin to pakṣa (cf. piba, piva, for original pipā, baṇij, vaṇij, for paṇi-j); and cf. [Latin] pectus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्).—[neuter] breast, chest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vakṣaś (वक्षश्):—[from vakṣ] in [compound] for vakṣas.

2) Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—[from vakṣ] n. sg. and [plural] (cf. vakṣaṇa and pakṣas) the breast, bosom, chest, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. an ox, bullock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—(kṣaḥ) 5. n. Idem. m. An ox.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—1. (von vakṣ) [Uṇādisūtra 4, 220.]

1) n. vielleicht Stärke: a.amindro.rodho.vakṣo.atharvaṇaḥ ich Indra bin Schutzwehr und Kraft des Ath. [Ṛgveda 10, 48, 2.] —

2) m. Ochs [UJJVAL.]

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Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—2. (wie vakṣaṇā) [Uṇādisūtra 4, 219.] n. (auch pl.) der obere Theil des Leibes, Brust [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 16.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 29.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 602.] [Halāyudha 2, 372. 368. 398. 1, 27.] vakṣassu ru.mā~ adhi yetire śu.he [Ṛgveda 1, 64, 4. 166, 10. 5, 54, 11. 7, 56, 13.] aporṇute.vakṣaḥ [1, 92, 4.] ā.irvakṣāṃsi kṛṇuṣe vibhā.ī [123, 10. 124, 4. 6, 64, 2.] des Opferthiers [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 6. 7, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 8, 3, 17. 25.] des Pferdes [Mahābhārata 3, 2787. -] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 96, 24. 3, 34, 30.] prabhinnavakṣorukaṭīśirodhara mit unregelmässiger Contraction [5, 42, 20.] [Suśruta 1, 49, 2. 86, 15. 100, 13. 254, 8.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 61. 12, 77.] [Śākuntala 161.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 100. 58, 116.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 21, 11.] vakṣaḥsthaśuklavarṇadakṣiṇāvartalomāvalī [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 272.] vakṣaḥsthaviṣaduḥsaha [Kathāsaritsāgara 19, 47.] Am Ende eines adj. comp.: pīna [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 13.] vipula [2, 30, 2.] pṛthu [52, 1.] pṛthuvakṣāñcitanetraḥ d. i. pṛthuvakṣā añcita [Mahābhārata 1, 2506.] pṛthupīna [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 69, 14.] viśāla [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 2, 11.] kapāṭa [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 34.] vindhyataṭavyūḍha [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 240.] śrīvatsāṅkita [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 31.] śrīvatsa dass. [Mahābhārata 3, 13004.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 274. 289.] lakṣmīkaustubha [Oxforder Handschriften 220,a, No. 526.] annavāṃsamavakṣāḥ syātpīnairvakṣobhirūrjitaḥ . vakṣobhirviṣamairniḥsvaḥ [GĀRUḌA-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 66 im Śabdakalpadruma] vakṣaḥsthala [Harivaṃśa 15673.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 45, 43.] [Spr. 3167.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 116, 2.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 25.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 5, 15. 2, 4, 5.] [Pañcatantra 239, 4. 5.] — Vgl. ni, mahā .

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Vakṣas (वक्षस्):—2. vgl. hiraṇya .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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