Upala: 19 definitions


Upala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upal.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Upala (उपल) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Aruṇoda and mount Mandara, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Mandara mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Upala (उपल) refers to “stones” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Upala], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upala (उपल) refers to the “gems (found in hoods of serpents)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The mighty ocean whose waters were swallowed by Agastya, exhibited gems that eclipsed the splendour of the crowns of the Devas [...] There were also seen, moving to and fro, whales, pearl oysters and conch shells, and the sea altogether looked like a summer lake with its moving waves, water lilies and swans. [...] Its huge white waves looked like clouds; its gems looked like stars; its crystals looked like the Moon; and its long bright serpents bearing gems in their hoods [i.e., phaṇi-phaṇa-upala] looked like comets and thus the whole sea looked like the sky”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upala : (m.) stone.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upala, (Lit. Sk. upala, etym. uncertain) a stone Dāvs III, 87. (Page 146)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Upaḷa (उपऌअ).—f (utplavana S) The state of ground saturated (as after heavy rains), and burst in numerous places by gushing rillets. 2 fig. That state of body, induced by the bite of a ghōṇasa or phurasēṃ (kinds of snakes), in which blood is constantly oozing from the pores or orifices, Purpura hæ morrhagica. 3 m A rill or streamlet trickling down hills, or oozing from the ground in rainy weather. 4 Laxly. Immoderate flow ofhe menses: also fluor albus or the whites. u0 khāṇēṃ To rise or come out into active working;--used with damā, khōkalā, tāpa, dukhaṇēṃ, rōga: also to recover vigor--a malady repressed &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upaḷa (उपळ).—f The state of ground saturated (as after heavy rains) and burst in numberless places by gushing rillets. Immoderate flow (of blood, &c.).

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upala (उपल).—1 A stone, rock; उपलशकलमेतद् भेदकं गोमयानाम् (upalaśakalametad bhedakaṃ gomayānām) Mu.3.15; कान्ते कथं घटितवानुपलेन चेतः (kānte kathaṃ ghaṭitavānupalena cetaḥ) Ś. Til.3; Meghadūta 19; Ś.1.14.

2) A precious stone, jewel. Y.3.36. 'उपलः प्रस्तरे मणौ (upalaḥ prastare maṇau)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ).

3) Sand (Ved.).

4) A cloud.

5) A ball thrown from some artifice (as gun); कपाट- यन्त्रदुर्धर्षा बभूवुः सहुडोपलाः (kapāṭa- yantradurdharṣā babhūvuḥ sahuḍopalāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.284.4.

-lā 1 Refined sugar, (upalāsitā Sugarcandy).

2) The upper and smaller millstone which rests on the Dṛṣad. [cf L. opatus.]

Derivable forms: upalaḥ (उपलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upala (उपल).—(probably represents, m.c., MIndic Uppala = Sanskrit Utpala; § 2.88; compare Utpala 4, Utpalaka 3, and Padma 4, id.), name of a mythical kalpa, in which lived successively 300 former Buddhas termed Kauṇḍinya- gotra: Mahāvastu iii.233.17 (verse) ekatra kalpe upalāhvayasmiṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upala (उपल).—m.

(-laḥ) A rock or stone, a precious stone or jewel. f.

(-lā) Refined or candied sugar. E. upa near, to give or take; affix ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upala (उपल).—m. 1. A stone, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 167. 2. A rock, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upala (उपल).—[masculine] stone, rock, jewel; [feminine] upalā the upper mill-stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upala (उपल):—m. a rock, stone, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) a precious stone, jewel, [Yājñavalkya iii, 36; Śiśupāla-vadha iii, 48; Kirātārjunīya]

3) a cloud, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Upalā (उपला):—[from upala] f. (upalā) the upper and smaller mill-stone (which rests on the dṛṣad), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] = śarkarā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Upala (उपल):—cf. [Greek] ὤπαλος; [Latin] apalus?

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upala (उपल):—[upa-la] (laḥ) 1. m. A rock or stone. () 1. f. Refined candied sugar.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upala (उपल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uvala, Ubalā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Upala (उपल) [Also spelled upal]:—(nm) hail.

2) Upalā (उपला) [Also spelled upla]:—(nm) a cow-dung cake.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upala (ಉಪಲ):—

1) [noun] a stone; a rock.

2) [noun] a precious stone; a gemstone.

3) [noun] a cloud.

--- OR ---

Upaḷa (ಉಪಳ):—

1) [noun] a stone; a rock.

2) [noun] a precious stone; a gemstone.

3) [noun] a cloud.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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