Upalambha, Upālambha, Upālaṃbha: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Upalambha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upalambh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Upalambha (उपलम्भ).—A son of Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 29.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Upālambha (उपालम्भ):—[upālambhaḥ] Censure or reproach; the loop-holing of another’s reasons with regard to fallacies and invalid reasonings

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upalambha (उपलम्भ) refers to the “capture” (of enemy’s fortress) [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be able to interpret the language and gestures of fighting men and the like; he must be learned in the Ṣaḍguṇa and Upāya policies; he must be able to predict the success or failure of an undertaking; he must be able to interpret omens; he must have a knowledge of favourable halting places for the king’s army; he must be able to interpret the colour of ceremonial fires; he must know when to employ the ministers, spies, messengers and forest men; he must be able to give directions touching the captures [i.e., upalambha] of the enemy’s fortress”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Upalambha (उपलम्भ) refers to “(that which is) graspable” (as opposed to Anupalambha—‘ungraspable’), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The Non-existence of Time According to the Mahāyāna].—[...] [Question].—But absence of nature (alakṣaṇa) is has limits (antavat)! [Answer].—No. Absence of nature is limitless (ananta), inexpressible (anabhilāpya) and unquestionable. Why do you say it is limited? If one grasps characteristics in the absence of characteristics, this would no longer be an absence of characteristics. By absence of nature we mean the ungraspable emptiness (anupalambha-śūnyatā). Here, absence of nature is ungraspable and emptiness itself is ungraspable. This is why absence of characteristics is called ungraspable emptiness. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Upalambha (उपलम्भ) refers to “conception (of appearances)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Further, the so-called ‘insight (prajñā)’ is a word for calm because it is free from the flame of false discrimination; [...] a word for purity because it is essentially undefiled; a word for no darkness because it has no conception (upalambha) of appearances; a word for non-duality because it is beyond attribution; a word for perishability because it is become exhausted and purified; a word for imperishability because it is unconditioned; a word for no conditions because it is without connection; [...]”.

2) Upalaṃbha (उपलंभ) refers to “preconceived (viewpoints)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva collect all qualities of the Buddha by thorough practice (yoniśas-prayoga)? [...] Learning is the cause of great insight; the Bodhisattva, not being entangled in the preconceived viewpoints (upalaṃbha-dṛṣṭika-agrahaṇa), having transferred the learning without apprehending into omniscience, fulfils the perfection of insight. In the same way with all good qualities, whatever the cause of good qualities accumulated, its effect will appear without effort. Further, the cause and conditions are called thorough mental effort. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upalambha (उपलम्भ).—[labh-ghañ-mum ca P.VII.4.64]

1) Acquisition; अस्मादङ्गुलीयोपलम्भात्स्मृतिरुपलब्धा (asmādaṅgulīyopalambhātsmṛtirupalabdhā) Ś.7.

2) Direct perception or recognition, comprehension otherwise than from memory) same as अनुभव (anubhava) q. v.); प्राक्तनोपलम्भ (prāktanopalambha) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5; ज्ञातौ सुतस्पर्शसुखोपलम्भात् (jñātau sutasparśasukhopalambhāt) R.14.2.

3) Ascertaining, knowing; अविघ्नक्रियोपलम्भाय (avighnakriyopalambhāya) Ś.1.

4) Seeing, looking at (darśana); लावण्यधाम्नो भवितोपलम्भनम् (lāvaṇyadhāmno bhavitopalambhanam) Bhāgavata 1.38.1.

Derivable forms: upalambhaḥ (उपलम्भः).

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Upālambha (उपालम्भ).—

1) Abuse, taunt, censure; अस्या महदुपालम्भनं गतोऽस्मि (asyā mahadupālambhanaṃ gato'smi) Ś.5; तवोपालम्भे पतितास्मि (tavopālambhe patitāsmi) M.1 laid myself open to your censure; उचितस्तदुपालम्भः (ucitastadupālambhaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.

2) Delaying, putting off.

3) Escorting, conducting; केचिदस्मदुपालम्भे मतिं चक्रुर्हि तापसाः (kecidasmadupālambhe matiṃ cakrurhi tāpasāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.176.2.

Derivable forms: upālambhaḥ (उपालम्भः).

See also (synonyms): upālambhana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upalambha (उपलम्भ).—(compare Sanskrit id.; not recorded in Pali; compare prec., an-upa°, an-upalabdhi, the next items, and aupalambhika), according to standard interpretation, mental perception or apperception, realization by the intellect; Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xviii.92 commentary buddhyā pratipattiḥ; Tibetan dmigs (-pa) thought, fancy, imagination; to construe in one's mind, etc.; see also La Vallée-Poussin, Abhidharmakośa Index s.v. upalabdhi.Were it not for this persistent tradition, some occurrences, especially of the neg. forms (an-upalambha, °labdhi), could easily be interpreted as related to upa- labhyate (1) and meaning (non-)occurrence, (non-)existence. These mgs. are attributed by Critical Pali Dictionary to an-upaladdhi, °labbhana; and tho not recognized in [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary], occurrence, existence seems to me the probable meaning of upaladdhi in the two passages cited for it, Miln. 268.7 and Vimānavatthu (Pali) commentary 279.10. In many [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] places inconceivability or non- occurrence, non-reality would make equally good sense for an-upa°. I do not, however, venture to abandon what [Page140-b+ 71] seems to have been the standard tradition. Reliance on upalambha, mental perception, fancy, is an error, stigmatized as upalambha-dṛṣṭi, the heresy that relies on upalambha, Lalitavistara 35.6 (or as [bahuvrīhi], one who adheres to that heresy, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 383.12); see also °dṛṣṭika. Similarly upalambha-saṃjñin Śikṣāsamuccaya 315.1, having the (false) notion of upalambha; upalam- bha-yogena, by the (erroneous) method of upalambha, Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1042.16, repeated formulaically (compare anupalambha-yogena s.v. anupalambha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upalambha (उपलम्भ).—m.

(-mbhaḥ) Apprehension, conception, comprehension otherwise than from memory. E. upa near, labhi to obtain, ghañ aff. [Pagĕ9-b+ 60]

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Upālambha (उपालम्भ).—m.

(-mbhaḥ) 1. Abuse, reviling. 2. Deferring, delaying. E. upa and āṅ before labhi to injure, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upalambha (उपलम्भ).—i. e. upa-labh + a, m. 1. Acquisition, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 34, 23. 2. Observation, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 13, 23. 3. Perception, Chr. 59, 22 (tad-upalambhasaṃyukta, according with what he had heard): feeling, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 14, 2.

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Upālambha (उपालम्भ).—i. e. upa-ā -labh + a, m. Blame, Chr. 10, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upalambha (उपलम्भ).—[masculine] = [preceding] [feminine]

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Upālambha (उपालम्भ).—[masculine] na [neuter] censure, reviling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upalambha (उपलम्भ):—[=upa-lambha] [from upa-labh] m. obtainment, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) [v.s. ...] perceiving, ascertaining, recognition, [Raghuvaṃśa; Śakuntalā; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Nyāyakośa etc.]

3) Upālambha (उपालम्भ):—[=upā-lambha] [from upā-labh] m. reproach, censure, abuse, finding fault with, [Mahābhārata; Hitopadeśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] prohibition, interdict, [Nyāya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upalambha (उपलम्भ):—[upa-lambha] (mbhaḥ) 1. m. Apprehension.

2) Upālambha (उपालम्भ):—[upā+lambha] (mbhaḥ) 1. m. Abuse; delay.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upalambha (उपलम्भ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uvalaṃbha, Uvālaṃbha, Olaṃbha, Jhaṃkhaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upalambha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Upālaṃbha (उपालंभ) [Also spelled upalambh]:—(nm) complaint; reproach.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upalambha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upālaṃbha (ಉಪಾಲಂಭ):—

1) [noun] the act or fact of getting, acquiring or earning.

2) [noun] an insulting or coarse language; abusing; an accusation for being at fault; blame.

3) [noun] a taunting, sneering, cutting or caustic remark; sarcasm; irony.

4) [noun] a putting off; delaying; avoiding; preventing.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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