La, Lā: 10 definitions

Introduction

La means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) La (ल).—Consonant ल् (l); see ल् (l) above'

2) La.—A general term usually used by ancient grammarians to signify-लोप (lopa) (elision or disappearance) of a letter or a syllable or a word; cf. सर्वसादेर्द्विगोश्च लः (sarvasāderdvigośca laḥ) | सवार्तिकः, द्वितन्त्रः (savārtikaḥ, dvitantraḥ) M. Bh. on P.IV.2.60;

3) La.—tad. affix ल (la) added to the word क्लिन्न (klinna) when चिल् (cil) and पिल् (pil) are substituted for the word क्लिन्न (klinna); e.g, चिल्लः, पिल्लः (cillaḥ, pillaḥ) cf. P.V. 2.33 Vārt 2.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

La (ल) is a Sanskrit abbreviation for the laghu letter.—The whole chanda literature has several technical terms, by which it is controlled. Single letters are used to denote a specific instance. The letter ga stands for guru letter while the letter la stands for laghu letter. In a verse the letter which is guru is also known as dīrgha (long) and which is laghu is also known as hrasva (short). The dīrgha letter consists of two mātrās while the hrasva letter consists of one mātrā.

Laghu can be identified as menu, kāhāla (daṇḍa) or śara, and the guru symbols can be identified as the shape of tāṭaṅka, hāra or keyūra.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

La (ल).—This letter means the Creator. (Chapter 348, Agni Purāṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

la (ल).—The twenty-eighth consonant. It corresponds with L.

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ḷa (ळ).—The thirty-fourth consonant. It differs greatly from the English L. The exact sound of it can be acquired only by the ear. It never occurs initially.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḷa (ळ).—or - a Motionless.

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la (ल).—or- f A kind of blunderbuss.

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ḷa (ळ).—or- ad Many.

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la (ल).—The twenty-eighth consonant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

La (ल).—

1) An epithet of Indra.

2) A short syllable (in prosody).

3) A technical term used by Pāṇini for the ten tenses and moods (there being ten lakāras).

4) (In astr.) The number '5'; Gīrvāṇa.

Derivable forms: laḥ (लः).

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Lā (ला).—2 P. (lati) To take, receive, obtain, take up; ललुः खड्गान् (laluḥ khaḍgān) Bk.14.92;15.53.

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Lā (ला).—f.

1) Taking, receiving.

2) Giving.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

La (ल).—The twenty-eighth consonant of the Nagari alphabet, the letter L.

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La (ल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. Indra. 2. Cutting. 3. A short syllable, (in prosody.) 4. Panini'S technical term for all the tenses and modes, (in gram.) f.

(-lā) 1. Giving. 2. Receiving, taking. f. (-lī) 1. Embracing, adhering or clinging to. 2. Liquifying, melting. E. to give or take, &c., aff. ka or ḍa, fem. aff. ṭāp or ṅīṣ .

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Lā (ला).—r. 2nd cl. (lāti) 1. To give. 2. To get, to receive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lā (ला).—ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.] To take, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 15, 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

La (ल).—[masculine] the common name for all tenses & moods or verbal terminations.

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Lā (ला).—lāti grasp, seize, take; [gerund] lātvā having taken, i.e. with.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) La (ल):—1. la the 3rd semivowel (corresponding to the vowels , , and having the sound of the English l)

2) a technical term for all the tenses and moods of a finite verb or for the terminations of those tenses and moods (also applied to some forms with kṛt affixes construed like a finite verb, [Pāṇini 2-3, 69]; cf. [iii, 2, 124], and when accompanied by certain indicatory letters denoting each tense separately See laṭ; laṅ; liṅ; loṭ; liṭ; luṭ; ḷṭ; luṅ; ḷṅ; leṭ), [Pāṇini 3-4, 69; 77 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) 2. la m. Name of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) cutting (? cf. lava), [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Lā (ला):—[from la] a f. See sub voce

6) La (ल):—3. la (in prosody) = laghu, a short syllable.

7) Lā (ला):—1. [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 50]) lāti ([perfect tense] lalau, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]; [Aorist] alāsīt, [ib.]; [future] lātā, lāsyati [grammar]; [indeclinable participle] lātvā, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]),

—to take, receive, obtain, [Kāvya literature; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan];

—to undertake, begin, [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka];

—to give, [Dhātupāṭha]

8) cf. [Hindi] lenā.

9) 2. f. the act of taking or giving, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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