Upakarana, Upakaraṇa: 15 definitions
Upakarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
The characteristics of the accessories (upakaraṇa):—And d at the production of a play (lit. here) one should use differently in relation to dramatis personae many kinds of accessories (upakaraṇa) demanded by the art of theatre. Now, all the manufactures or crafts that are executed in this world of moving and immobile objects, are to be known as the accessories in a performance. And to obtain them one is to go to a country which has got it. For [obtaining] such accessories in a dramatic production men have no other means.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Upakaraṇa (उपकरण) refers to “various utensils” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “other utensils (upakaraṇa), i.e., everything that beings have need of. As it would be impossible to mention them completely, the sūtra gathers them all together into one group”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Upakaraṇa (उपकरण).—One of the two types of saṃyoga (combining);—What is meant by ‘combining implements’ (upakaraṇa-saṃyoga)? To wipe cold books /body, water pot etc by warm whisk or to combine hot and cold implements is combining implements. It can also be defined as assembling things together for any act or effect.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Upakaraṇa (उपकरण, “instruments”) refers to one of the two types of dravyendriya (physical sense organ), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.15. Dravyendriya represents one of the to types of indriya (sense-organs) of which there are five (pañcendriya)
What is the meaning of instrument /means (upakaraṇa)? It means an entity which assists in the completion or protection of the formation. How many types of instruments are there and which are those? These are two namely external and internal. What are the external instruments? For example the eye lids and the eye lashes are the instruments of the eye sense. What is the meaning of internal formations? Formations inside the external physical sense organ etc. for example retina, white and black balls inside the eye.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
upakaraṇa : (nt.) instrument; outfit; utensils; requisites; help; support; provisions.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Upakaraṇa, (nt.) (fr. upa + kṛ) help, service, support; means of existence, livelihood D. II, 340; A. II, 86; J. I, 7; PvA. 60 (commodities), 133 (°manussa, adj. suitable, fit); Sdhp. 69. In general any instrument or means of achieving a purpose, viz. apparatus of a ship J. IV, 165; tunnavaya° a weaver’s outfit J. II, 364; dabb° fit to be used as wood Vism. 120; dān° materials for a gift PvA. 105 (so read & cp. upakkhaṭa); nahān° bathing requisites VvA. 248; vitt° luxuries A. V, 264 sq. , 283, 290 sq.; PvA. 71. (Page 139)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
upakaraṇa (उपकरण).—n (S) An instrument or implement; a means. 2 A constituting or a subsidiary particular, an ingredient, an element. 3 or upakaraṇēṃ n A common term for the articles used in dēvapūjā (bells, censers, dishes, vessels). 4 Used pl The calculations made as preparatory to the framing of an almanac. 5 pl The insignia of royalty.
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upākaraṇa (उपाकरण).—n S upākarma n S The annual ceremony of renewing the sacrificial or the characteristic thread. 2 Studying the Vedas after investiture with the thread.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
upakaraṇa (उपकरण).—n An instrument. A constitu- ent element. Apparatus.
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upākaraṇa (उपाकरण).—n The annual ceremony of renewing the sacrificial or the characteristic thread.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Doing service or favour, helping, assisting.
2) Material, implement, instrument, means; यथैवोपकरणवतां जीवितं तथैव ते जीवितं स्यात् (yathaivopakaraṇavatāṃ jīvitaṃ tathaiva te jīvitaṃ syāt) Bṛ. Up.2.4.2.; स्वेषूपकरणेषु (sveṣūpakaraṇeṣu) U.5; °द्रव्यम् (dravyam) Mk.3; उपकरणीभावमायाति (upakaraṇībhāvamāyāti) U.3.3 serve as helping instruments, or assistants; परोप- कारोपकरणं शरीरम् (paropa- kāropakaraṇaṃ śarīram) K.27; so स्नान° (snāna°) bathing materials; Pt.1; व्यायाम° (vyāyāma°) athletic materials; आत्मा परोपकरणीकृतः (ātmā paropakaraṇīkṛtaḥ) H.2.24; K.8,12,198,24; Y.2.276, Ms.9.27.
3) An engine, machine, apparatus, paraphernalia (in general).
4) Means of subsistence, anything supporting life.
5) A means or expedient; कर्म°, वेद°, यज्ञ° (karma°, veda°, yajña°) &c.
6) Fabricating, composing, elaborating.
7) The insignia of royalty.
8) The attendants of a king.
Derivable forms: upakaraṇam (उपकरणम्).
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1) An invitation to begin, bringing near; पवमान°, प्रातरनुवाक° (pavamāna°, prātaranuvāka°) &c.
2) A term given to certain sentences called Praiṣas (with which one priest calls another to perform a sacrifice).
3) Immolation, sacrifice of an animal consecrated according to rites.
4) Preparation, beginning, commencement.
5) Commencement of reading the Veda after the performance of the preparatory rite; cf. उपाकर्मन् (upākarman); वेदोपाकरणाख्यं कर्म करिष्ये (vedopākaraṇākhyaṃ karma kariṣye) Srāvaṇī-mantra.
Derivable forms: upākaraṇam (उपाकरणम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Upakaraṇa (उपकरण).—= bhoga, food: Bbh 246.24 upakaraṇa-vaikalya-jaṃ (duḥkham), one of 5 kinds of duḥkha, clearly = 293.10 bhoga-vaikalya-duḥkha-, pain due to defects in food; probably in this meaning Bbh 11.1 upakaraṇa- vikalasya jīvikāpekṣāyaṃ caturtha upakleśaḥ; MSV iii.19.20; 134.10. Cf. upakāraṇa.
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Upakāraṇa (उपकारण).—(?) (compare AMg. uvagāraṇa = Sanskrit upakāra? or for Sanskrit and Pali upakaraṇa?), in Mmk 48.10 evaṃ laḍḍukāgarbhoktārakaviśeṣān (? seems corrupt) pūpopa- kāraṇān sarvadevabhūtagaṇān sarvasattvāṃś ca mantrope- tān vidhinā niryātayet. We seem to need dat. instead of acc. forms for °gaṇān and °sattvāmś (as in the following parallel sentence); with that change, pūpopakāraṇān might mean benefactions consisting of cakes, or instruments (compare upakaraṇa) of (making) cakes; or, with a meaning character- istic of upakaraṇa in Pali rather than Sanskrit, commodities consisting of cakes; or finally, if = BHS upakaraṇa in Bbh 246.24 (see s.v.), food consisting of cakes.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Apparatus, paraphernalia, as the vessels and offerings at a sacrifice. 2. Implements, machines. 3. The insignia of royalty. 4. Sauces, condiments. 5. Helping, assisting. 6. Object of art or science, fabricating, composing, &c. 7. Means of subsistence, any thing supporting life. E. upa implying command or help, kṛ to make, lyuṭ aff.
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(-ṇaṃ) 1. Performance of a preparatory rite before reading the Vedas. 2. Immolation, sacrifice of an animal duly consecrated. E. upa and āṅ prefixed to kṛ to do, aff. lyuṭ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Upakaraṇa (उपकरण).—i. e. upa-kṛ + ana, n. Benefitting, [Pañcatantra] 86, 3. 2. Implements, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 276. 3. Complement, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 105 (of the Veda, viz. the Vedāngas).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Akshopakarana, Danopakarana, Devopakarana, Grihopakarana, Manopakarana, Patropakarana, Pratyupakarana, Pujopakarana, Rajopakarana, Rajyopakarana, Samupakarana, Shastropakarana, Smaropakarana, Virupakarana, Yajnopakarana, Yuddhopakarana.
Full-text (+7): Grihopakarana, Patropakarana, Upakaranartha, Yuddhopakarana, Vedopakarana, Rajyopakarana, Akshopakarana, Shayanagriha, Pujopakarana, Shastropakarana, Smaropakarana, Rajopakarana, Gehavigata, Yajnopakarana, Manopakarana, Samyoga, Danopakarana, Upagrahana, Samupakarana, Upakara.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Upakarana, Upakaraṇa, Upākaraṇa, Upakāraṇa, Upa-karana, Upa-karaṇa, Upā-karaṇa; (plurals include: Upakaranas, Upakaraṇas, Upākaraṇas, Upakāraṇas, karanas, karaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.95 < [Section XII - Vedic Study]
Verse 4.119 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
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Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)