Udyana, Udyāna, Uḍyāna, Uḍyāṇa: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Udyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Udyan.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to a “garden” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Udyāna] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to “parks”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On the top of the mountain near the city of Himālaya (śailarājapura), Śiva sported about for a long time in the company of Satī. [...] Śiva went from place to place. Sometimes He went to the top of Meru wherein Gods and Goddesses resided. He went to different continents, parks (udyāna) and forests on the earth. After visiting the different places He returned home and lived with Satī”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1a) Udyāna (उद्यान) means “garden” and refers to Candradvīpa.—The god (i.e., Bhairava) is astonished to see this and how the Island of the Moon continues to exist unchanged, a beacon of light in the midst of unbounded darkness. [...] He begins by worshipping the Liṅga. Note that this is a Bhairava Liṅga because Śiva’s wrathful form, Bhairava, is present within it. The Tantra implies that it is called Udyāna Bhairava because it is situated on the Island of the Moon which is a ‘great and beautiful garden (udyāna)’ or, as the Śrīmatottara says, it is “mind’s garden”.

1b) Udyāna (उद्यान) is another spelling for Oḍḍiyāna: the foremost of the goddess’s sacred seats (pīṭha).—The association is quite natural as Oḍḍiyāna / Udyāna is the first seat (ādyapīṭha) from which the teachings were first propagated.

1c) Udyāna (उद्यान) (=Odyāna) or Udyānapīṭha refers to one of the Pīṭhas (“sacred seats”) where the god unites with the goddess according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then, in the terrible Age of Strife she, the three-eyed (goddess) Maṅgalā, descended into the Northern Cave (uttaragahvara) in the district (viṣaya) of Odyāna. Siddhanātha also (descended) there into (his spiritual) lineage (santati). Having thus flown up (oḍḍīya) in the body he obtained lordship and so is famous in all respects by the name of the venerable Oḍīśa. The place there is Oṣadhiprastha and she is praised as the auspicious one of the universe”.

2) Uḍyāṇa (उड्याण) (or Oḍyāṇa) is another name for Oḍḍiyāna (Oḍḍiyānaka) or Uḍḍiyāna which is a Mahāpīṭha (main sacred seat) and refers to one of the ten places visited by the Goddess on her pilgrimage, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Then content and profound, Kujeśvarī who is endowed with the quality of discernment and whose creation (takes place) by many means said this: “As (I) have flown up (oḍḍitā) (here) within Oḍḍīśa, therefore this (place will be known) as Oḍḍiyānaka”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to a “park” (e.g., Dārūdyāna—‘pine-park’), according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages in the Pine Park (dāru-udyāna), the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels as an ornament on their body. You do not even wear gold the size of a berry on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty, surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to the “(pleasing) garden”, according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [trees for the surrounding gardens]—“[...] The pleasing garden (udyānaudyānaṃ sumanoramam) beyond the surrounding wall has been described. The garden (udyāna) too is to be surrounded by a wall. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Udyāna (उद्यान) (in Chinese: Wou-tch'ang) refers to one of the fifty-five kingdoms enumerated in chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective districts.—In Udyāna, the following deities are appointed (among others): The Gandharva Puṣpaprabha [?]; the Kinnara Subhaya [?]; the Yakṣa Kia-lo-p'o-t'i;  the Nāga Lang-feou-lo; the Asura Tchö-man-tch'e (Camaṇḍi?); the Kumbhāṇḍa Mandaphala; the Goddesses Hāritī and Malabhadra [?].

Udyāna (उद्यान) [?] (in Chinese: Wou-tch'ang) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with  Āśleṣā or Āśleṣānakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to “gardens”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Then the Bodhisattva Apāyajaha addressed himself to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, please pacify three evil existences’. [...] Then, the rain of gifts, such as [...] chariots, foot-soldiers, vehicles, houses, villages, cities, towns, provinces, kingdoms, capitals, gardens (udyāna), pavilions, palaces, portals, windows, half-moon shaped decorations on building, thrones, palanquin, and chariots drawn by four cattle, sixteen cattle, and a thousand of good horses, poured down from the open space. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Udyāna.—(CII 1), march; a garden. Note: udyāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udyāna (उद्यान).—n S A garden; a park; a pleasure-ground. Ex. klēśatarūcēṃ udyāna samasta || śarīra hēṃ ubhavilēṃ ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udyāna (उद्यान).—n A garden, park, pleasure-ground.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—(-naḥ also)

1) Going or walking out. उद्यानं ते पुरुष नावयानम् (udyānaṃ te puruṣa nāvayānam) Av.8.1.6.

2) A garden, park, pleasure garden; बाह्योद्यानस्थितहरशिरश्चन्द्रिकाधौतहर्म्या (bāhyodyānasthitaharaśiraścandrikādhautaharmyā) Meghadūta 7,26,35; oft. opp. to वन (vana); cf. दूरीकृताः खलु गुणैरुद्यानलता वनलताभिः (dūrīkṛtāḥ khalu guṇairudyānalatā vanalatābhiḥ) Ś.1.17.

3) Purpose, motive.

4) Name of a country to the North of India.

Derivable forms: udyānam (उद्यानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—(in Sanskrit nt., park, and so Pali uyyāna), (1) park, as m. (? with m. form of pron.): udyāna sarve (n. pl.) Lalitavistara 231.1 (verse); (2) advance (of an army), one of the arts mastered by the young Bodhisattva: Lalitavistara 156.12 udyāne (Tibetan mdun du bsnur ba, moving forward) niryāṇe avayāne…; (3) in Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 20(356).11 divide, pro- bably, udyāna (for °naṃ) dhāraṇ' (for °ṇīnām! § 10.207) ita (= itaḥ) pañcamim (sc. bhūmim) ākramanti, for this reason (so Chin.) they enter the fifth (stage), a garden of dhāraṇīs (so Chin.). Were it not for the Chin. translation, I should be tempted to understand udyāna-dhāraṇ(am)…, they proceed to maintenance of progress (in general; an extension of 2, above) from this point to the fifth (stage). It may, however, be noted that in the prose of Daśabhūmikasūtra, 5th Bhūmi, the words udyāna (in meaning park) and dhāraṇī occur, not to be sure together, but in 45.24 and 46.12 respectively.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A garden. 2. A royal garden, a park. 3. Going forth, exit. 4. Purpose, motive. E. ud up, to go, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—i. e. ud-yā + ana, m. and n. A grove, a garden, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 178.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—[neuter] walking out; garden, park.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udyāna (उद्यान):—[=ud-yāna] [from ud-yā] n. the act of going out, [Atharva-veda viii, 1, 6]

2) [v.s. ...] walking out

3) [v.s. ...] a park, garden, royal garden, [Yājñavalkya; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta; Śakuntalā; Pañcatantra] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] purpose, motive, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a country in the north of India.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान):—[udyā+na] (naṃ) 1. n. A royal garden.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udyāna (उद्यान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ujjāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udyana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान) [Also spelled udyan]:—(a) a garden; ~[vidyā] horticulture, gardening.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Uḍyāṇa (ಉಡ್ಯಾಣ):—[noun] = ಉಡ್ಡಾಣ [uddana].

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Uḍyāna (ಉಡ್ಯಾನ):—[noun] = ಉಡ್ಡಾಣ [uddana].

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Udyāna (ಉದ್ಯಾನ):—

1) [noun] a going or walking out.

2) [noun] a garden; a park; a pleasure garden.

3) [noun] something one intends to get or do; intention; purpose; motive.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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