Udyana, Udyāna, Uḍyāna, Uḍyāṇa: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Udyana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Udyan.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to a “garden” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Udyāna] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Udyāna (उद्यान) refers to “parks”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On the top of the mountain near the city of Himālaya (śailarājapura), Śiva sported about for a long time in the company of Satī. [...] Śiva went from place to place. Sometimes He went to the top of Meru wherein Gods and Goddesses resided. He went to different continents, parks (udyāna) and forests on the earth. After visiting the different places He returned home and lived with Satī”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1a) Udyāna (उद्यान) means “garden” and refers to Candradvīpa.—The god (i.e., Bhairava) is astonished to see this and how the Island of the Moon continues to exist unchanged, a beacon of light in the midst of unbounded darkness. [...] He begins by worshipping the Liṅga. Note that this is a Bhairava Liṅga because Śiva’s wrathful form, Bhairava, is present within it. The Tantra implies that it is called Udyāna Bhairava because it is situated on the Island of the Moon which is a ‘great and beautiful garden (udyāna)’ or, as the Śrīmatottara says, it is “mind’s garden”.

1b) Udyāna (उद्यान) is another spelling for Oḍḍiyāna: the foremost of the goddess’s sacred seats (pīṭha).—The association is quite natural as Oḍḍiyāna / Udyāna is the first seat (ādyapīṭha) from which the teachings were first propagated.

1c) Udyāna (उद्यान) (=Odyāna) or Udyānapīṭha refers to one of the Pīṭhas (“sacred seats”) where the god unites with the goddess according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then, in the terrible Age of Strife she, the three-eyed (goddess) Maṅgalā, descended into the Northern Cave (uttaragahvara) in the district (viṣaya) of Odyāna. Siddhanātha also (descended) there into (his spiritual) lineage (santati). Having thus flown up (oḍḍīya) in the body he obtained lordship and so is famous in all respects by the name of the venerable Oḍīśa. The place there is Oṣadhiprastha and she is praised as the auspicious one of the universe”.

2) Uḍyāṇa (उड्याण) (or Oḍyāṇa) is another name for Oḍḍiyāna (Oḍḍiyānaka) or Uḍḍiyāna which is a Mahāpīṭha (main sacred seat) and refers to one of the ten places visited by the Goddess on her pilgrimage, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Then content and profound, Kujeśvarī who is endowed with the quality of discernment and whose creation (takes place) by many means said this: “As (I) have flown up (oḍḍitā) (here) within Oḍḍīśa, therefore this (place will be known) as Oḍḍiyānaka”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Udyāna.—(CII 1), march; a garden. Note: udyāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udyāna (उद्यान).—n S A garden; a park; a pleasure-ground. Ex. klēśatarūcēṃ udyāna samasta || śarīra hēṃ ubhavilēṃ ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udyāna (उद्यान).—n A garden, park, pleasure-ground.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—(-naḥ also)

1) Going or walking out. उद्यानं ते पुरुष नावयानम् (udyānaṃ te puruṣa nāvayānam) Av.8.1.6.

2) A garden, park, pleasure garden; बाह्योद्यानस्थितहरशिरश्चन्द्रिकाधौतहर्म्या (bāhyodyānasthitaharaśiraścandrikādhautaharmyā) Me.7,26,35; oft. opp. to वन (vana); cf. दूरीकृताः खलु गुणैरुद्यानलता वनलताभिः (dūrīkṛtāḥ khalu guṇairudyānalatā vanalatābhiḥ) Ś.1.17.

3) Purpose, motive.

4) Name of a country to the North of India.

Derivable forms: udyānam (उद्यानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—(in Sanskrit nt., park, and so Pali uyyāna), (1) park, as m. (? with m. form of pron.): udyāna sarve (n. pl.) Lalitavistara 231.1 (verse); (2) advance (of an army), one of the arts mastered by the young Bodhisattva: Lalitavistara 156.12 udyāne (Tibetan mdun du bsnur ba, moving forward) niryāṇe avayāne…; (3) in Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 20(356).11 divide, pro- bably, udyāna (for °naṃ) dhāraṇ' (for °ṇīnām! § 10.207) ita (= itaḥ) pañcamim (sc. bhūmim) ākramanti, for this reason (so Chin.) they enter the fifth (stage), a garden of dhāraṇīs (so Chin.). Were it not for the Chin. translation, I should be tempted to understand udyāna-dhāraṇ(am)…, they proceed to maintenance of progress (in general; an extension of 2, above) from this point to the fifth (stage). It may, however, be noted that in the prose of Daśabhūmikasūtra, 5th Bhūmi, the words udyāna (in meaning park) and dhāraṇī occur, not to be sure together, but in 45.24 and 46.12 respectively.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A garden. 2. A royal garden, a park. 3. Going forth, exit. 4. Purpose, motive. E. ud up, to go, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—i. e. ud-yā + ana, m. and n. A grove, a garden, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 178.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान).—[neuter] walking out; garden, park.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udyāna (उद्यान):—[=ud-yāna] [from ud-yā] n. the act of going out, [Atharva-veda viii, 1, 6]

2) [v.s. ...] walking out

3) [v.s. ...] a park, garden, royal garden, [Yājñavalkya; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta; Śakuntalā; Pañcatantra] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] purpose, motive, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a country in the north of India.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान):—[udyā+na] (naṃ) 1. n. A royal garden.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udyāna (उद्यान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ujjāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udyana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udyāna (उद्यान) [Also spelled udyan]:—(a) a garden; ~[vidyā] horticulture, gardening.

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