Udyoga, Udyōga: 15 definitions


Udyoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Udyog.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Udyoga (उद्योग) (Cf. Udaya) refers to “exertion” (in the body), according to the Mahānayaprakāśa verse 2.1-35, while explaining the cycles of the goddesses of consciousness.—Accordingly, “[...] Located in this, the meeting place (saṃketasthāna), the rays of consciousness are clearly visible, due to which this Pīṭhakrama is thereby (experienced). Thus (the Pīṭhakrama) ranges from the Sacrifice which is the (aggregate of) the organs of action (karmendriya) up to the Void and the sequence beginning with ‘exertion’ (udyoga) in the body and externally as (the gross elements) beginning with Earth in due order”.

Note: Exertion (udyoga) is the first of four moments in the act of perception in which, as Dupuche (2003:59-60) explains: “consciousness emits the object [i.e., udyoga—‘exertion’]. The second stage is avabhāsa, the manifestation of reality. The third is the absorption, the relishing or savouring (carvaṇa) of reality. The final stage is dissolution when reality is reabsorbed in its every aspect (viśrānti) of subjectivity. For example, ... at first there is will to perceive a jar (udyoga), then there is actual perception of the jar (avabhāsa), relishing of the perceptive experience (carvaṇa), and finally assimilating the perceptive experience of the jar to the essential nature of the Self”.

Note: In one place, the Mahānayaprakāśa (by unknown author) verse 3.1 lists these four as 1) udaya—‘arising’, 2) avabhāsa —‘manifestation’. 3) kālagrāsa—‘assimilation of time (into non-temporal consciousness)’. 4) svarūpaviśrānti—‘repose in one’s own nature’.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Udyoga (उद्योग) means “war” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the two horns of the moon should appear but slightly raised and far from each other presenting the appearance of a boat, she brings trouble on the sailors but prosperity on mankind at large. If the northern horn of the moon should be higher [i.e., ardhonnata] than the other by one-half, the moon appearing like a plough, ploughmen will then suffer. They and their prince will be friendly and there will be prosperity in the land. If the southern horn should be higher than the other by one half, the appearance of the moon is also said to be plough like but of evil consequences. The ruler of Southern India will die and his army will engage in war [i.e., udyoga-kara]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udyōga (उद्योग).—m (S) Business, employment, occupancy or exercise in or about. 2 A business, an employment, an occupation, a profession. 3 S Strenuous exertion. u0 cālaviṇēṃ or karaṇēṃ g. of o. To set in process of execution or accomplishment; to take in hand to perform or do.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udyōga (उद्योग).—m Business; an occupation. Strenuous exertion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udyoga (उद्योग).—

1) Effort, exertion, industry; तद्दैवमिति संचिन्त्य यजेन्नोद्योगमात्मनः (taddaivamiti saṃcintya yajennodyogamātmanaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.144; उद्योगः खलु कर्तव्यः फलं मार्जारवद् भवेत् (udyogaḥ khalu kartavyaḥ phalaṃ mārjāravad bhavet).

2) Work, duty, office; तुल्योद्योगस्तव दिनकृतश्चा- धिकारो मतो नः (tulyodyogastava dinakṛtaścā- dhikāro mato naḥ) V.2.1.

3) Perseverance, diligence.

Derivable forms: udyogaḥ (उद्योगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyoga (उद्योग).—m.

(-gaḥ) Exertion, perseverance, strenuous and continued endeavour. E. ud, yuj to join, ghañ aff. [Pagĕ3-b+ 60]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyoga (उद्योग).—i. e. ud-yuj + a, m. and n. Exertion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 31, 34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyoga (उद्योग).—[masculine] effort, endeavour, activity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udyoga (उद्योग):—[=ud-yoga] [from ud-yuj] m. the act of undertaking anything, exertion, perseverance, strenuous and continuous endeavour

2) [v.s. ...] active preparation, [Yājñavalkya; Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyoga (उद्योग):—[udyo+ga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Exertion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udyoga (उद्योग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ujjoa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udyoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udyoga (उद्योग) [Also spelled udyog]:—(nm) industry; labour, effort; —[dhaṃdhā] industry; ~[pati] an industrialist; ~[vāda] industrialism; [udyogī] industrious.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udyōga (ಉದ್ಯೋಗ):—

1) [noun] an earnest attempt or effort; an endeavour.

2) [noun] a carrying out of a job or carrying on a profession.

3) [noun] something undertaken; an undertaking; a task; an enterprise; a profession; an occupation; an employment.

4) [noun] a status, position or rank of an official.

5) [noun] a purpose; an aim; intention.

6) [noun] ಉದ್ಯೋಗಮಾಡು [udyogamadu] udyōgamāḍu to make an effort to do, get, have, etc.; to try; to endeavour; to attempt; 2. to carry on one’s profession; ಉದ್ಯೋಗಂ ಪುರುಷ ಲಕ್ಷಣಂ [udyogam purusha lakshanam] udyōgm puruṣa lakṣaṇam (prov.) one must not waste one’s time without doing any work; business makes a man; ಉದ್ಯೋಗವಿಲ್ಲದ ತೊತ್ತು ಉದ್ದು ಹುರಿದು ತಿಂದಳು [udyogavillada tottu uddu huridu timdalu] udyōgavillda tottu, uddu huridu tindaḷu (prov.) an idle mind is the devil’s workshop.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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