Udyama, Udyāma: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Udyama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Udyama (उद्यम) refers to the “force (of pure consciousness)”, according to Cidgaganacandrikā verse 76-78.—Accordingly, “O Mother! This, the great sacred seat (pīṭha) born from you, is the energized vitality (of consciousness) which pours forth when Śiva becomes one with you by virtue of your perpetually expanding body of energy. And this, the (divine) intellect, the supreme vitality (of consciousness) is you, O (goddess) Śivā, whose body of light abides within the five elements beginning with Earth and who generates the Wheel of the Sacred Seat (pīṭhacakra) (corresponding to them). You, who alone possess all the powers of the Wheel of the Sacred Seat, abide always and everywhere. Perceived, O Mother, by the wise who are at one with the force (of pure consciousness) (udyama), you are the unobscured dawning (of enlightenment)”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Udyama (उद्यम) refers to the “(utmost) tenacity”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I seek refuge with the glorious goddess Sundarī, the benefactress of prosperity, the secret heart, whose heart is soaked with compassion. She is blazing with an utmost tenacity (parama-udyama) steeped in joy, and consequently beaming with plenteous light that shimmers spontaneously. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Udyama (उद्यम) refers to “undertaking” (an examination), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 1.93.—Accordingly, “Even though for a [follower of] Sāṅkhya, the twenty-five principles are manifest [as the universe], to begin with, experience, that is, immediate perception, consists in nothing but this: the sole five elements and consciousness—and nothing more. This is why for the master [Bhartṛhari], the universe is [entirely] explained as soon as the six elements are explained—it is with this intention that he has undertaken (udyama) their Examination (Samīkṣā). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Udyāma.—(CII 1), used in the sense of udyama or exertion. Note: udyāma is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udyama (उद्यम).—m (S) Business or occupation: also busiedness, occupiedness, engagedness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udyama (उद्यम).—m Business, occupation; engagedness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udyama (उद्यम).—

1) Raising, elevation.

2) Strenuous or assiduous effort, exertion, diligence, perseverance; निशम्य चैनां तपसे कृतोद्यमाम् (niśamya caināṃ tapase kṛtodyamām) Kumārasambhava 5.3; शशाक मेना न नियन्तुमुद्यमात् (śaśāka menā na niyantumudyamāt) 5, firm resolve; उद्यमेन हि सिध्यन्ति कार्याणि न मनोरथैः (udyamena hi sidhyanti kāryāṇi na manorathaiḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.135.

3) Readiness, preparation; गन्तुमुद्यमो विहितः (gantumudyamo vihitaḥ) became ready to go Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

Derivable forms: udyamaḥ (उद्यमः).

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Udyāma (उद्याम).—

1) Erecting, stretching out, elevation.

2) A rope, a cord.

Derivable forms: udyāmaḥ (उद्यामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udyāma (उद्याम).—m. (compare Vedic id., the meaning of which in some places, ŚB 8.5.1.13, is not clear), in sūtrodyāmaḥ Divyāvadāna 643.1 = 644.9, perhaps extension, drawing out (of thread), see s.v. tatkṣaṇa; but the precise meaning of the phrase excapes me. It may mean effort, exertion (Sanskrit udyama), as in Aśokan u(y)yāma, Rock Ed. (Kalsi) 13.18. In this sense probably read nir-udyāmā, as suggested by Kashgar recension, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 100.9 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyama (उद्यम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Strenuous and continued effort, exertion, perseverance. 2. Taking or lifting up. E. ud reverse, yam to cease, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyama (उद्यम).—[ud-yam + a], m. and n. 1. Raising, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 138. 2. Effort, [Pañcatantra] 185, 2. 3. Energy, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 470.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyama (उद्यम).—[masculine] uplifting, elevation; undertaking, effort, endeavour, exertion at ([dative], [accusative], [with] prati, [infinitive], or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udyama (उद्यम):—[=ud-yama] [from ud-yam] m. the act of raising or lifting up, elevation, [Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] undertaking, beginning

3) [v.s. ...] the act of striving after, exerting one’s self, exertion, strenuous and continued effort, perseverance, diligence, zeal, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava; Pañcatantra; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā etc.]

4) Udyāma (उद्याम):—[=ud-yāma] [from ud-yam] m. the act of erecting or stretching out, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa viii, 5, 1, 13]

5) [v.s. ...] a rope, cord, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udyama (उद्यम):—[udya+ma] (maḥ) 1. m. Strenuous exertion; taking or lifting up.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udyama (उद्यम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ujjama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udyama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udyama (उद्यम) [Also spelled udyam]:—(nm) enterprise; venture; exertion; diligence, ~[kartā] an entrepreneur.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udyama (ಉದ್ಯಮ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of pulling or pushing up; a lifting up; elevation.

2) [noun] a try, esp. a hard and sincere try; an attempt; an endeavour.

3) [noun] a manufacturing, productive activity; a business venture; a providing of service of any kind, in an organised manner.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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