Mahavana, Mahāvana, Maha-vana: 12 definitions

Introduction

Mahavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Mahāvana (महावन) refers to a “big forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Mahāvana] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mahāvana (महावन)—One of the five forests on the eastern bank of the Yamunā.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Mahavana Mahavana

1. Mahavana. A wood near Vesali. It was partly natural, partly man made, and extended up to the Himalaya (MA.i.298; DA.i.309). See Kutagarasala.

2. Mahavana. The wood near Kapilavatthu, it was virgin forest, and reached from the edge of Kapilavatthu to the Himalaya on one side and to the sea on the other (MA.i.298, 449). In this wood was preached the Mahasamaya Sutta (for details see Mahasamaya) and also the Madhupindika Sutta (q.v.).

3. Mahavana. A forest on the outskirts of Uruvelakappa, where the Buddha retired for his noonday rest after his meal at Uruvelakappa. It was in that grove that Ananda took Tapussa to see him. A.iv.437f.

4. Mahavana. A forest on the banks of the Neranjara. DhA.i.86; DhSA.34, etc.; J.i.77.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mahāvana (महावन) is the name of a stoppig-place, or vihāra located at Vaiśālī, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V. Note: Vaiśālī is the present-day Resarch on the Gandaki, in the district of Muzafferpur in Tirhut. Its main monastery was the Kūṭāgāraśālā “Hall of the Belvedere”, described at length in Sumaṅgala, I; Papañca, II. But whereas the Pāli texts locate it in the Mahāvana “Large Forest”. The Sanskrit texts place it on the Markaṭahradatīra “Shore of the Monkey Pool”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wikipedia: India History

Mahāvana (महावन).—Outside the town Vaishali, leading uninterruptedly up to the Himalaya, was the Mahavana, a large, natural forest. Nearby were other forests, such as Gosingalasala.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Mahāvana (महावन) is the name of an ancient forest that once existed near Uruvelakappa in Malla: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Mallaraṭṭha or Mallārāṣṭra has been mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya as one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas. The kingdom was divided into two parts which had for their capitals the cities of Kusāvati or Kusīnārā and Pāvā identical probably with Kasia (on the smaller Gondak and in the east of the Gorakhpur district) and a village named Padaraona (12 miles to the north-east of Kasia) respectively. Besides Kusīnārā, the Mallas had other important cities namely, Bhoganagara, Anupiya and Uruvelakappa in the neighbourhood of which there existed a wide forest called Mahāvana.

Mahāvana is at Kapilavatthu. According to Buddhaghosa, it is a natural forest outside the town of Vaisālī lying in one stretch up to the Himalayas. It is so called on account of the large area covered by it.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahāvana (महावन).—a large forest in Vṛndāvana.

Derivable forms: mahāvanam (महावनम्).

Mahāvana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and vana (वन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahāvana (महावन).—n. of a grove: Divy 399.12. Context indicates location in the north (in prec. line Kāśmīrapure); acc. to Burnouf, Introd. 396 note 1, in the country of Udyāna, q.v. in BR (udyāna 4). This would hardly fit any of the four groves of this name mentioned in DPPN.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāvana (महावन).—n.

(-naṃ) A large forest. E. mahā large, vana a wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāvana (महावन).—[neuter] large forest.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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