Tridasha, Tri-dasha, Tridaśā, Tridaśa, Tṛdaśa: 16 definitions


Tridasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tridaśā and Tridaśa and Tṛdaśa can be transliterated into English as Tridasa or Tridasha or Trdasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tridasha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Tridaśa (त्रिदश) or Tridaśaśaila is the name of a sacred mountain, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 114. Accordingly, as the the two heavenly swans (Piṅgeśvara and Guheśvara) said this to King Brahmadatta (Maṇipuṣpeśvara): “... come, let us go to that holy place of Śiva on the Tridaśa mountain, rightly named Siddhīśvara, where the gods performed asceticism in order to bring about the destruction of the Asura Vidyuddhvaja. And they slew that Asura in fight, with the help of Muktāphalaketu, the head of all the Vidyādhara princes, who had been obtained by the favour of Śiva”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tridaśa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tridaśa (त्रिदश) or Tridaśasura refers to the Gods (i.e., the thirty-three gods divided into sixteen divisions ?), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “ The sacred seat Jāla is the Unmanifest. It is well placed in the southern quarter. [...] The sacred seat (i.e. maṭha?) Ūṣma, very fierce, is pure in heaven and on the earth. The gesture is Vikārālyā, which removes the fear of phenomenal existence. Conjoined with the (secret) language and the Choma, this is the unstruck sound of Jālāvvā. Well known as the Vidyā, the three worlds bow to it. Accomplished, divine, with six faces, giving supreme bliss, the guardian of the field is called ‘Jaya’. I praise the sacred seat Jāla, revered by the gods [i.e., tridaśa-sura-nuta], which is divided into sixteen divisions”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Tridaśa (त्रिदश) represents the number 33 (thirty-three) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 33—tridaśa] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Tṛdaśa (तृदश) refers to a group of deities mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including the Tṛdaśas).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Tridaśa (त्रिदश) refers to the “thirty gods”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The pleasures that are cherished, like the poison of a snake, are the thieves of life immediately and they are produced in the cycle of rebirth by the 30 gods (tridaśasaṃsāre tridaśair api)”.

Note: When used in reference to the Gods, the word tridaśa conventionally represents the number “33”, with 3 x 10 being a rounded down equivalent of 3 x 11. See, for example, Monier-Williams s.v. tridaśa.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tridaśa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘thirtythree’. Note: tridaśa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tridaśā (त्रिदशा).—(pl.)

1) thirty.

2) the thirty-three gods:-12 Ādityas, 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras and 2 Aśvins.

-śaḥ a god, an immortal; तस्मिन्मघोनस्त्रिदशान्विहाय सहस्रमक्ष्णां युगपत्पपात (tasminmaghonastridaśānvihāya sahasramakṣṇāṃ yugapatpapāta) Kumārasambhava 3.1. °अङ्कुशः (aṅkuśaḥ) (-śam) the heaven. °आयुधम् (āyudham) Indra's thunderbolt; R.9.54. °आयुधम् (āyudham) rainbow; अथ नभस्य इव त्रिदशायुधम् (atha nabhasya iva tridaśāyudham) R.9.54. °अधिपः, °ईश्वरः, °पतिः (adhipaḥ, °īśvaraḥ, °patiḥ) epithets of Indra. °अधिपतिः (adhipatiḥ) Name of Śiva. °अध्यक्षः, °अयनः (adhyakṣaḥ, °ayanaḥ) an epithet of Viṣṇu. °अरिः (ariḥ) a demon. °आचार्यः (ācāryaḥ) an epithet of Bṛhaspati. °आधार (ādhāra) Nectar. °आलयः, °आवासः (ālayaḥ, °āvāsaḥ)

Derivable forms: tridaśāḥ (त्रिदशाः).

Tridaśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and daśā (दशा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tridaśa (त्रिदश).—m.

(-śaḥ) A god, a deity, an immortal. E. tri the third, and daśā state, being, (youth;) enjoying perpetual youth, or tri three, and daśa state, subject as well as mortals to the three conditions, of birth, being, and destruction.

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Tridaśa (त्रिदश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) Thirteenth. f. (-śī) The thirteenth day of the fortnight; also trayodaśa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tridaśa (त्रिदश).— (i. e. tri-daśan), I. adj. pl. Thirty, Mahābhārata 1, 4445. Ii. m. A name of the thirty-three gods, a deity, Mahābhārata 3, 8162. Iii. n. Heaven, Mahābhārata 13, 3327.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tridaśa (त्रिदश).—[adjective] [plural] three times ten i.e. thirty; [masculine] [plural] the thirty (round for 33) deities.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tridaśa (त्रिदश):—[=tri-daśa] [from tri] mf(ā)n. 3 x 10 (= 30), [Mahābhārata i, 4445]

2) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] (cf. [Pāṇini 2-2, 25; v, 4, 73; vi, 3, 48; Kāśikā-vṛtti] and dvi-d) the 3 x 10 (in round number for 3 x 11) deities (12 Ādityas, 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras, and 2 Aśvins; cf. [Ṛg-veda ix, 92, 24]), [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. [dual number] the Aśvins, [iii, 10345]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. divine, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 41, 21]

5) [v.s. ...] n. heaven, [Mahābhārata xiii, 3327] (tri-diva, B)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tridaśa (त्रिदश):—[tri-daśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. A god, a deity.

2) [v.s. ...] (śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) a. Thirteenth. f. 13th day of the fortnight.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tridaśa (त्रिदश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tiasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tridasha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tridaśa (ತ್ರಿದಶ):—[adjective] three times ten; thirty.

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Tridaśa (ತ್ರಿದಶ):—

1) [noun] the cardinal number thirty; 30.

2) [noun] (pros.) a meter having three short syllables.

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Tridaśa (ತ್ರಿದಶ):—[noun] any of the gods who is not subject to ageing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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