Tridasha, aka: Tri-dasha, Tridaśā, Tridaśa; 4 Definition(s)


Tridasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tridaśā and Tridaśa can be transliterated into English as Tridasa or Tridasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Tridasha in Katha glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tridaśa (त्रिदश) or Tridaśaśaila is the name of a sacred mountain, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 114. Accordingly, as the the two heavenly swans (Piṅgeśvara and Guheśvara) said this to King Brahmadatta (Maṇipuṣpeśvara): “... come, let us go to that holy place of Śiva on the Tridaśa mountain, rightly named Siddhīśvara, where the gods performed asceticism in order to bring about the destruction of the Asura Vidyuddhvaja. And they slew that Asura in fight, with the help of Muktāphalaketu, the head of all the Vidyādhara princes, who had been obtained by the favour of Śiva”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tridaśa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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India history and geogprahy

Tridaśa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘thirtythree’. Note: tridaśa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tridasha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tridaśā (त्रिदशा).—(pl.)

1) thirty.

2) the thirty-three gods:-12 Ādityas, 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras and 2 Aśvins.

-śaḥ a god, an immortal; तस्मिन्मघोनस्त्रिदशान्विहाय सहस्रमक्ष्णां युगपत्पपात (tasminmaghonastridaśānvihāya sahasramakṣṇāṃ yugapatpapāta) Ku.3.1. °अङ्कुशः (aṅkuśaḥ) (-śam) the heaven. °आयुधम् (āyudham) Indra's thunderbolt; R.9.54. °आयुधम् (āyudham) rainbow; अथ नभस्य इव त्रिदशायुधम् (atha nabhasya iva tridaśāyudham) R.9.54. °अधिपः, °ईश्वरः, °पतिः (adhipaḥ, °īśvaraḥ, °patiḥ) epithets of Indra. °अधिपतिः (adhipatiḥ) Name of Śiva. °अध्यक्षः, °अयनः (adhyakṣaḥ, °ayanaḥ) an epithet of Viṣṇu. °अरिः (ariḥ) a demon. °आचार्यः (ācāryaḥ) an epithet of Bṛhaspati. °आधार (ādhāra) Nectar. °आलयः, °आवासः (ālayaḥ, °āvāsaḥ)

Derivable forms: tridaśāḥ (त्रिदशाः).

Tridaśā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and daśā (दशा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tridaśa (त्रिदश).—m.

(-śaḥ) A god, a deity, an immortal. E. tri the third, and daśā state, being, (youth;) enjoying perpetual youth, or tri three, and daśa state, subject as well as mortals to the three conditions, of birth, being, and destruction.

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Tridaśa (त्रिदश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) Thirteenth. f. (-śī) The thirteenth day of the fortnight; also trayodaśa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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