Tittibha, Ṭiṭṭibha: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Tittibha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

1) Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is a bird which is always screaming ‘ṭiṭ’, ‘ṭiṭ’. In most cases the names of birds are in imitation of their sounds: as says the Nirukta—‘The name Kāka is in imitation of the sound ; such is the case with most bird-names.’

2) Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is the name of the bird that makes the ‘ṭī ṭī’ sound. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 5.11)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) refers to the bird “Parra Jacana” or “Francoline partridge” ( Hydrodhasianuf chirurgus or Metapigius indica or Francolinus species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Ṭiṭṭibha] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tittibha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—An asura. This demon shines in the court of Varuṇa. (Śloka 15, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tittibha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is the name of a flea (matkuṇa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... in the bed of a certain king there long lived undiscovered a louse, that had crept in from somewhere or other, by name Mandavisarpiṇī. And suddenly a flea, named Ṭiṭṭibha, entered that bed, wafted there by the wind from some place or other”.

The story of Mandavisarpiṇī was narrated by Damanaka to Piṅgalaka in order to demonstrate that “if a wicked person is wise enough not to do an injury himself, it will happen by association with him”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ṭiṭṭibha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is the name of a bird (either Parra jacuna or Tringa goensis), according to chapter 3.6 [candraprabha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Note: The Ṭiṭṭibha is a sand-piper. Monier-Williams and Bate both give Parra jacuna for Ṭiṭṭibha, but Śabdasāgara gives it as a synonym of Ṭiṭiharī, the sand-piper (Tringa goensis, Bate). This bird is said “to sleep with its legs extended upwards, as if to sustain the firmament; hence the phrase is applied to a person who undertakes an enterprise far above bis capacities”. Bate, s. v. Ṭaṭoharā. Hindi proverb: ṭaṭohare se āsmān thāmā jāegā: Will the sky be supported by the sand-piper?

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—(-bhī f.) A kind of bird; उत्क्षिप्य टिट्टिभः पादावास्ते भङ्गभयाद्दिवः (utkṣipya ṭiṭṭibhaḥ pādāvāste bhaṅgabhayāddivaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.314; Manusmṛti 5.11; Y.1.172; also टिट्टिभक (ṭiṭṭibhaka).

Derivable forms: ṭiṭṭibhaḥ (टिट्टिभः).

See also (synonyms): ṭiṭibha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) A bird, (Parra jacana or goensis.) E. ṭiṭṭi imitative sound, bhās to utter, affix ḍa; also with svātha kan added, ṭiṭṭibhaka; also ṭiṭibhaka, ṭaṭibhaka, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—1. m. A bird, Parra jacuna, or goensis, [Pañcatantra] 74, 17. 2. f. bhī, Its female, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 8, 43 Gorr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—[masculine] ī [feminine] a kind of bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ):—m. = bhaka (also ṭīṭibha, q.v.), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti v, 11; Yājñavalkya i, 172; Mahābhārata xii etc.]

2) Name of a Daitya, [ii, 367]

3) of a Dānava (enemy of Indra in the 13th Manv-antara), [Gāruḍa-purāṇa]

4) of a bug, [Kathāsaritsāgara lx, 128]

5) n. a kind of leprosy, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ):—(bhaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṭiṭṭibha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tittibha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ṭiṭṭibha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṭiṭṭibha (ಟಿಟ್ಟಿಭ):—[noun] any of a genus (Vanellus) of black-and-white plovers, esp., the crested Vanellus vanellus with broad, rounded wings, noted for spectacular aerial displays; the lapwing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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