Tittibha, Ṭiṭṭibha: 9 definitions


Tittibha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

1) Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is a bird which is always screaming ‘ṭiṭ’, ‘ṭiṭ’. In most cases the names of birds are in imitation of their sounds: as says the Nirukta—‘The name Kāka is in imitation of the sound ; such is the case with most bird-names.’

2) Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is the name of the bird that makes the ‘ṭī ṭī’ sound. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 5.11)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) refers to the bird “Parra Jacana” or “Francoline partridge” ( Hydrodhasianuf chirurgus or Metapigius indica or Francolinus species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Ṭiṭṭibha] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tittibha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—An asura. This demon shines in the court of Varuṇa. (Śloka 15, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tittibha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ) is the name of a flea (matkuṇa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... in the bed of a certain king there long lived undiscovered a louse, that had crept in from somewhere or other, by name Mandavisarpiṇī. And suddenly a flea, named Ṭiṭṭibha, entered that bed, wafted there by the wind from some place or other”.

The story of Mandavisarpiṇī was narrated by Damanaka to Piṅgalaka in order to demonstrate that “if a wicked person is wise enough not to do an injury himself, it will happen by association with him”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ṭiṭṭibha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—(-bhī f.) A kind of bird; उत्क्षिप्य टिट्टिभः पादावास्ते भङ्गभयाद्दिवः (utkṣipya ṭiṭṭibhaḥ pādāvāste bhaṅgabhayāddivaḥ) Pt.1.314; Ms.5.11; Y.1.172; also टिट्टिभक (ṭiṭṭibhaka).

Derivable forms: ṭiṭṭibhaḥ (टिट्टिभः).

See also (synonyms): ṭiṭibha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) A bird, (Parra jacana or goensis.) E. ṭiṭṭi imitative sound, bhās to utter, affix ḍa; also with svātha kan added, ṭiṭṭibhaka; also ṭiṭibhaka, ṭaṭibhaka, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ).—1. m. A bird, Parra jacuna, or goensis, [Pañcatantra] 74, 17. 2. f. bhī, Its female, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 8, 43 Gorr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭiṭṭibha (टिट्टिभ):—m. = bhaka (also ṭīṭibha, q.v.), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti v, 11; Yājñavalkya i, 172; Mahābhārata xii etc.]

2) Name of a Daitya, [ii, 367]

3) of a Dānava (enemy of Indra in the 13th Manv-antara), [Gāruḍa-purāṇa]

4) of a bug, [Kathāsaritsāgara lx, 128]

5) n. a kind of leprosy, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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