Tira, Tīra, Tirā, Tiṟa: 23 definitions


Tira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Teer.

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In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Tīra (तीर) refers to the “banks of a river”, according to the first chapter of the Paramapuruṣasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra text in ten chapters composed of 940 verses dealing with the personnel of a temple, their prerequisites and duties, their different ranks, the privileges and responsibilities of each etc.—Description of the chapter [śāstrāvatāra]: The work opens with a prayer to Viṣṇu (1-3). The narrative commences by setting the scene. On the banks of the Ganges [bhāgīrathī-tīra] Nārada comes upon a band of gathered Ṛṣis (4-7). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Tīra (तीर) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.1.135. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Tira or Tiragama is identified with Terigāma and represents an ancient village that existed since the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Near Kāsapabbata was the town Paṇa, also called Palonagara; this place is identical with Pajjotanagara which was named after Pajjota tank which Duṭṭhagāmaṇi built near Kāsapabbata. The Sīgiri Graffiti mention Polonaru. In an inscription of Vasabha (67-111) Palo-nakaraka tank in Tihalaka district and the assembly at Tiragama are mentioned. Aggabodhi II (604-614) built a Practising House at Palaṃnagara-vihāra. Tiragama appears to be identical with Terigāma ,southward of Anurādhapura, where Parakkamabāhu’s forces won decisive victory. Close to Kāsapabbata, Duṭṭhagāmaṇi built the tank Kulantavāpi or Kulatthavāpi or Kalatāvava (Kalatāvāva), present Kalattāva.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Tira in Sierra Leone is the name of a plant defined with Setaria megaphylla in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Opuscoli Scientifici (1820)
· Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum (1853)
· Histoire des plantes de la Guiane Françoise (1775)
· Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem (1928)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1930)
· Fl. Senegal (1954)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tira, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tīra : (nt.) shore; riverbank.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tīra, (nt.) (Vedic tiras from *ter, tarati; orig. the opposite bank, the farther side (of a river or ocean), cp. tittha) a shore, bank Vin. I, 1; D. I, 222, 244; A. II, 29, 50; Dh. 85; Sn. 672; J. I, 212, 222, 279; II, 111, 159; Dhs. 597; Vbh. 71 sq.; Vism. 512 (orima°); PvA. 142, 152.—tīra-dassin finding the shore S. III, 164; A. III, 368.—a-tīra-dassanī (f.) not seeing the shore (nāvā a ship) J. V, 75. (Page 304)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭīra (टीर).—f A buttock. ṭirī baḍaviṇēṃ or piṭaṇēṃ To clap the buttocks in triumph, exultation, or joy. ṭirī hālaviṇēṃ To waddle. or waggle.

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tira (तिर).—ind A word used in driving goats or sheep.

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tīra (तीर).—m ( P) An arrow. 2 A crack, opening, fissure (in the ground &c.) 3 A bar as fixed in a grate, window &c. 4 A prop. 5 A lever.

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tīra (तीर).—n (S) Shore, bank, margin.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭīra (टीर).—f A buttock. ṭīrī baḍaviṇēṃ or piṭaṇēṃ To clap the buttocks in triumph, exulta- tion or joy.

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tīra (तीर).—m An arrow. A crack. A prop. A lever. n Bank.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tīra (तीर).—1 A shore, bank; नदीतीर, सागरतीर (nadītīra, sāgaratīra) &c.

2) Margin, brim, edge.

3) The bank of the Ganges.

-raḥ 1 A sort of an arrow.

2) Lead.

3) Tin.

Derivable forms: tīram (तीरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tīra (तीर).—(m. or nt.), side (of a mountain): (parvatasya vaihāyavarasya) uttare ca (so mss., Senart uttarasmi) tīre varapārśve Mahāvastu i.70.17 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīra (तीर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. A shore, a bank. 2. An arrow. m.

(-raḥ) Tin. f. (-rī) A kind of arrow E. tīr to get through or over, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīra (तीर).— (for original tāra), i. e. tṛ10 + ā, n. A shore, a bank, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 207.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīra (तीर).—[neuter] shore, bank, brim (of a vessel).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tīra (तीर):—1. tīra m. tin (cf. tīvra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) n. a kind of arrow (cf. [Persian] تير), [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha ii, 76]

3) 2. tīra n. (√tṝ, [Siddhānta-kaumudī puṃl. 56]) a shore, bank, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]; ifc., for derivatives cf. [Pāṇini 4-2, 106 and 104], [vArttika] 2; ifc. ind., for accent cf. [vi, 2, 121])

4) the brim of a vessel, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi, xiv.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tīra (तीर):—(ka) tīrayati 10. a. To finish, get through, get over.

2) (raṃ) 1. n. A shore; an arrow. m. Tin. f. () A kind of arrow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tīra (तीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tīra (तीर) [Also spelled teer]:—(nm) an arrow; a shaft; bank, shore; ~[vartī/stha] situated on the bank/shore, coastal; —[kamāna se nikala cukā hai] lit. the arrow is shot—the die is cast, what is done cannot be undone; —[kī taraha jānā] to make a beehive to, to go straight at full speed;—[ṭhikāne/niśāne para baiṭhanā/laganā] to hit the mark; —[yā tukkā] see [lage to tīra nahīṃ to tukkā].

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Tīra (तीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śak.

2) Tīra (तीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tīra.

3) Tīra (तीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tira (ತಿರ):—

1) [adjective] not moving; fixed; stable; steady.

2) [adjective] without an end; everlasting; eternal.

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Tira (ತಿರ):—[noun] stubborn courage; brave perseverance; grit; fortitude.

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Tīra (ತೀರ):—[adjective] great in quantity, amount, degree, etc.; much.

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Tīra (ತೀರ):—[adverb] to a great degree or extent.

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Tīra (ತೀರ):—[noun] the rising ground bordering a lake, river or sea; bank; shore.

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Tīrā (ತೀರಾ):—[adjective] = ತೀರ [tira]1.

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Tīrā (ತೀರಾ):—[adverb] = ತೀರ [tira]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Tirā (திரா) noun Night jasmine. See பவளமல்லிகை. (வைத்திய மலையகராதி) [pavalamalligai. (vaithiya malaiyagarathi)]

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Tiṟa (திற) [tiṟattal] 12 verb [Telugu: tera, K. teṟe.] transitive

1. To open, as a door, one’s eyes; கதவு முதலியவற்றின் காப்பு நீக்குதல். துயில்கூர் நயனக் கடை திறவா மடவீர் கடைதிறமின் [kathavu muthaliyavarrin kappu nikkuthal. thuyilkur nayanag kadai thirava madavir kadaithiramin] (கலிங்கத்துப்பரணி [kalingathupparani] 29).

2. To lay open; to make an opening avenue or passage, as in a wall; வழிமுதலியவற்றின் அடைப்பு நீக்குதல். பாதையைத் திறந்துவிட்டார்கள். [vazhimuthaliyavarrin adaippu nikkuthal. pathaiyaith thiranthuvittarkal.]

3. To divulge, disclose, unveil, reveal, as a secret; வெளிப்படுத்துதல். அவன் குட்டைத் திறந்துவிட் டான். [velippaduthuthal. avan kuttaith thiranthuvid dan.]

4. To unlock, unbar, unbolt; தாழ் பூட்டு முதலியவற்றைத் திறத்தல். [thazh puttu muthaliyavarraith thirathal.]

5. To make a breach; to bore; துளைத்தல். இளநீரின் கண்ணைத் திறந்தான். [thulaithal. ilanirin kannaith thiranthan.]

6. To cut open; பிளத்தல். திறந்தன புண்களெல் லாம் [pilathal. thiranthana punkalel lam] (கம்பராமாயணம் மாயாசனக. [kambaramayanam mayasanaga.] 56).

7. To open, as a book; புஸ்தக முதலியவற்றை விரித்தல். [pusthaga muthaliyavarrai virithal.] — intransitive To split open; to form a gap, passage or breach; பிளவுபடுதல். தடியடியால் தலை திறந்தது. [pilavupaduthal. thadiyadiyal thalai thiranthathu.]

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Tīra (தீர) adverb < தீர்¹-. [thir¹-.]

1. Entirely, perfectly, absolutely; முற்ற. தலைப்பட்டார் தீரத் துறந்தார் [murra. thalaippattar thirath thuranthar] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 348).

2. Exceedingly; மிக. மக்களிற் றீரக் குறியானைக் குறளன் என்றும் [miga. makkalir rirag kuriyanaig kuralan enrum] (யாப்பருங்கலம் விருத்தி [yapparungalam viruthi] 23, பக். [pag.] 99).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Tira (तिर):—pp. towards; in the direction of;

2) Tira (तिर):—n. payments;

3) Tīra (तीर):—n. 1. bank; shore; 2. side; edge; arrow;

4) Tīra (तीर):—n. arrow;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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