Tiras: 6 definitions



Tiras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tiras (तिरस्).—ind. [tṝ-asun svarādi]

1) Crookedly, obliquely, awry; स तिर्यङ् यस्तिरोऽञ्चति (sa tiryaṅ yastiro'ñcati) Ak.

2) Without apart from.

3) Secretly, covertly, invisibly; Bṛ. Up.1.4. 4.

4) Across, beyond, over; यदि वासि तिरोजनम् (yadi vāsi tirojanam) Av.7. 38.5.

5) Indirectly, badly. [In classical literature तिरस् (tiras) is rarely used by itself, but chiefly occurs in composition with (a) कृ (kṛ), (b) धा (dhā), and (c) भू (bhū); see below.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tiras (तिरस्) or Tiraskṛta.—(°-) (compare Pali tiro, outside, especially as prior member of cpds.), in composition with -prātiveśya, taken by Divyāvadāna Index (and [Boehtlingk]) as meaning near (neighbor), but rather outside (neighbor), (neighbor) living outside (one's own house): tiraḥprātiveśya-suhṛt-svajanādibhyo Divyāvadāna 234.24; tena tiraḥprātiveśyāḥ pṛṣṭāḥ 272.4; tiraskṛta- prātiveśya-sajana-(read -svajana-?)-yuvatyaś 235.19. See also s.v. tiryak, where it is suggested that even Sanskrit tiras may have this meaning in Mārk. Pur. 17.3 ([Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 2a).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiras (तिरस्).—ind. 1. Indirectly, underhandedly, secretly, covertly. 2. Crookedly, awry. 3. A particle of abuse or depreciation. E. tṝ to go, asuk aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiras (तिरस्).— (for original taras), i. e. tṛ10 + as, 1. adv. Awry, Mārk. P. 17, 3. 2. prepos. Over, through, etc. (ved.); see kṛ, dhā, and bhū.

— Cf. [Latin] trans.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiras (तिरस्).—[preposition] through, across, beyond, past, without, against ([accusative]), apart, secretly, or safely from ([ablative]); [adverb] crossways, aside, awry; privately, covertly. — Cf. kṛ, dhā, bhū.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tiras (तिरस्):—[from tiraḥ] ind. ([gana] svar-ādi; √tṝ) through ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda xiii, 1, 36]

2) [v.s. ...] across, beyond, over ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda vii, 38, 5]

3) [v.s. ...] so as to pass by, apart from, without, against ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda] (ras cittani, ‘without the knowledge’ [vii, 59, 8]; ro vaśam, ‘against the will’ [x, 171, 4])

4) [v.s. ...] apart or secretly from ([ablative]), [Atharva-veda xii, 3, 39; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, iii]

5) [v.s. ...] obliquely, transversely, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xvii, 3]

6) [v.s. ...] apart, secretly, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii, 5, 10, 6; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa ii; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

7) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] tarō; [Latin] trans; [Gothic] thairh; [German] durch; [Hibernian or Irish] tar, tair.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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