Sundarika, Sundarikā: 7 definitions


Sundarika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Sundarika in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Sundarikā (सुन्दरिका) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., sundarikā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sundarika in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sundarikā (सुन्दरिका).—A sacred place. He who bathes at a particular spot here called Sundarikākuṇḍa will become very handsome. (Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Verse 56).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sundarika (सुन्दरिक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.51). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sundarika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sundarika. A river in Kosala, reputed to be efficacious in washing away sins (M.i.39). There Sundarika Bharadvaja held sacrifices in honour of Agni and met the Buddha during such a sacrifice. S.i.167; SN.p.79, etc.

2. Sundarika. See Sundari (3).

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sundarikā (सुन्दरिका) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Sundarikā has been described in the Saṃyutta Nikāya as a river in Kosala.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sundarika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sundarikā (सुन्दरिका).—(1) (= Pali id. or Sundarī 3 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)), name of a wandering nun (pravrājikā): Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 240.12 (prose); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.212.8; (2) name of a queen: Avadāna-śataka i.188.6 ff.; (3) name of a river (?): nadī-sundarikā-tīre Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.279.13 (verse; but in prose 266.3 called Prabhadrikā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sundarikā (सुन्दरिका):—[from sundaraka > sund] a f. See next.

2) [v.s. ...] b f. Name of a woman, [Buddhist literature]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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