Suprabha, Suprabhā, Su-prabha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Suprabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Suprabha (सुप्रभ) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Maṇika, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Maṇika group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (eg. Suprabha) that are to be globular and oblong in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suprabha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—A wife of Śrī Kṛṣṇa who put her up in the mansion named Padmakūṭa at Dvārakā. (Mahābhārata Southern Text, Chapter 38).

2) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—An asura woman, daughter of Kaśyapaprajāpati by Svarbhānu. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).

3) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—River Sarasvatī, which runs through Puṣkaratīrtha. (See under Sarasvatī).

4) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—Daughter of the maharṣi called Vadānya. She was married by Aṣṭāvakra.

5) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Arrows and other weapons took birth from Jayā and Suprabhā, daughters of Dakṣa. (For details see under Jayā V).

6) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—Daughter of King Suratha and wife of Nābhāga. Sage Agastya who became displeased with her as she once threatened him, cursed her to be born in Vaiśya caste as a result of which Suprabhā and her son Bhalandana became Vaiśyas. But, as Suprabhā taught her son, when he came of age, about the duties of the Kṣatriya he regained his former form. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Suprabha (सुप्रभ).—A son of Vapuṣmat and founder of the Suprabha kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 32, 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 28, 30; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 23, 29.

1b) A varṣa centering round Kakuda hill of Śālmali.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 41.

2) Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—A daughter of Svarbhānu, and wife of Namuci.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 32.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Suprabha (सुप्रभ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Suprabha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Suprabhā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.10).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suprabha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Suprabha (सुप्रभ) is mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, as a weeping woman said to Vīravara: “... for he [Suprabha], possessing divine foresight, foresaw that in seven days he would fall from heaven on account of the exhaustion of his merits and be conceived in the body of a sow. ”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Suprabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Suprabhā (सुप्रभा) is another name for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Suprabhā and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Suprabha (सुप्रभ) is the name of the fourth Baladeva according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The mother of Suprabha is known by the name Sudarśanā according to the Samavāyāṅga-sūtra, and their stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Suprabhā (सुप्रभा) is mentioned as the mother of Bhadra: the third Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources.

The nine Baladevas (such as Suprabha) are also known as Balabhadra and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suprabha (सुप्रभ).—a. very brilliant, glorious.

-bhā one of the seven tongues of fire.

Suprabha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and prabha (प्रभ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suprabha (सुप्रभ).—(1) n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.112.17; (2) n. of a king of Benares, in the Godhā-jātaka: Mv ii.64.14; 66.7; (3) n. of another king: Gv 99.12; (4) n. of a śreṣṭhin's son: Gv 51.23; (5) n. of two kalpas: Gv 352.4; 446.26; (6) nt., n. of a city: Gv 160.15 ff.

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Suprabhā (सुप्रभा).—(1) n. of a daughter of a śreṣṭhin at Śrāvastī: Av ii.1.15; (2) n. of a female lay-disciple: Gv 51.15; (3) n. of a girl, attendant on Subhadrā (1): Gv 52.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suprabha (सुप्रभ).—mfn.

(-bhaḥ-bhā-bhaṃ) Splendid, brilliant, glorious. m.

(-bhaḥ) One of the nine Suklabalas or Balaramas of the Jainas. f.

(-bhā) One of the seven tongues of fire. E. su excellent or excessive, and prabhā light, lustre.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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