Shvavidh, Śvāvidh, Śvāvit, Shvavit: 12 definitions


Shvavidh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śvāvidh and Śvāvit can be transliterated into English as Svavidh or Shvavidh or Svavit or Shvavit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “porcupine”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Śvāvidh is part of the sub-group named Bhūmiśaya, refering to animals “who sleep in burrows in earth”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्)—Sanskrit word for an animal corresponding to “porcupine”. This animal is from the group called Bileśaya (‘hole-dwellers’ or ‘those which have a burrow’). Bileśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्) refers to the “porcupine”, the meat of which is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., meat of śvāvidh (porcupine)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., citrataila (castor-oil)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: Vasishtha Dharmasutra

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्) refers to the “porcupine” according to the Vāsiṣṭha Dharmasūtra 14.39-40.—“among five-toed animals, the porcupine, the hedgehog, the hare, the tortoise, and the iguana may be eaten, Among (domestic) animals those having teeth in one jaw only, excepting camels”. Note:—Haradatta on Āpastamba and Gautama explain śvāvidh, “the porcupine”, to be a kind of boar, and śalyaka, “the hedgehog”, to be “the porcupine”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्) (‘dog-piercing’) is the name of the “porcupine” in the Atharvaveda and later. It is called “long-eared” (karṇa). See also Śalyaka.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्).—m. A porcupine; Ms.5.18; सूकरः पञ्चवर्षाणि दशवर्षाणि श्वाविधः (sūkaraḥ pañcavarṣāṇi daśavarṣāṇi śvāvidhaḥ) Mb.13.111.78.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्).—m. (-vid or -vit) A porcupine. “śajāru” E. śvan a dog, āṅ before vyadh to pierce, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्).—i. e. śvan-vyadh m. A porcupine, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 18; 12, 65.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्).—[feminine] porcupine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्):—[=śvā-vidh] [from śvā > śvan] a See below.

2) [=śvā-vidh] [from śvan] b m. ([nominative case] -vit) ‘dog-piercer’, a porcupine, [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvāvidh (श्वाविध्):—(d t) 5. m. A porcupine.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvavidh in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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