Bhumishaya, Bhūmiśaya, Bhumi-shaya, Bhūmisaya: 10 definitions


Bhumishaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhūmiśaya can be transliterated into English as Bhumisaya or Bhumishaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhumishaya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय) is the Sanskrit name for a group of animals referring to “animals who sleep in burrows in earth”, the meat of which is used as a medicinal substance. Bhūmiśaya is a sub-group of Māṃsavarga (“group of meat”). It is also known by the name Bhūśaya. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. They were originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII.

The Bhūmiśaya group contains the following animals:

  1. Śvetakākulīmṛga (white python),
  2. Śyāmakākulīmṛga (blackish python),
  3. Citrapṛṣṭhakākulīmṛga (spotted python),
  4. Kālakakākulīmṛga (black python),
  5. Kūrcikā (hedgehog),
  6. Cillaṭa (musk shrew),
  7. Bheka (frog),
  8. Godhā (iguana),
  9. Śallaka (angolin),
  10. Gaṇḍaka (gecko),
  11. Kadali (marmet),
  12. Nakula (Bengal mongoose),
  13. Śvāvidh (porcupine).

Bhūmiśaya meat is heavy, hot and sweet in character. It promotes strength and development and acts as an aphrodisiac. It alleviates vāta but aggravata kapha and pitta. It is useful for the persons taking regular physical exercise and having strong digestive power.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhumishaya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय).—A king in ancient India. Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 166, verse 75 says that King Amūrtarayas gave a sword to Bhūmiśaya who gifted it to Bharata, the son of Duṣyanta.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhumishaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय).—a. sleeping on the ground. (-yaḥ) 1 a wild pigeon.

2) a child, boy.

3) any animal living in the earth.

4) Name of Viṣṇu; भूशयो भूषणो भूतिः (bhūśayo bhūṣaṇo bhūtiḥ) V. Sah.

Bhūmiśaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhūmi and śaya (शय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yī yaṃ) Sleeping on the ground. E. bhūmi and śī to sleep, śa aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय).—[adjective] lying or living on (in) the earth; [masculine] such an animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय):—[=bhūmi-śaya] [from bhūmi > bhū] mfn. lying or living on the ground or in the earth

2) [v.s. ...] m. any animal living in the g° or e° (cf. bhū-ś), [Manu-smṛti]

3) [v.s. ...] a wild pigeon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūmiśaya (भूमिशय):—[bhūmi-śaya] (yaḥ-yī-yaṃ) a. Lying or sleeping on the ground.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhumishaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhumishaya in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhūmisaya refers to: lying or sleeping on the ground DhA. II, 61. (Page 508)

Note: bhūmisaya is a Pali compound consisting of the words bhūmi and saya.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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