Sardha, Sārdha, Śardha, Shardha: 12 definitions


Sardha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śardha can be transliterated into English as Sardha or Shardha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sārdha (सार्ध) refers to the “one and a half”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] The Yogin who remains in absorption for a year and a half (sārdha-saṃvatsara), [gains] the Siddhi of the water-element. He becomes absorbed in the water-element. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sārdha (सार्ध) means “simultaneously”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “[...] Then the yogin makes this reflection: ‘When I examined inwardly, I did not find the Ātman and [I wondered] if it was not on the outside (bahirdhā), but when I examined [things] on the outside, I did not find it either. I wonder if the Ātman is not a delusion (bhrānti). Now I must examine internally and externally simultaneously (yugapat). Examining internal and external are two distinct operations (bhinna); examining [internal and external] at the same time (ekakāla) and simultaneously (sārdha) are conjunct operations!’ But although he examines [internal and external] conjointly or separately, the Ātman is not found anywhere: the examination is therefore ended. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārdha (सार्ध).—a (S sa With, ardha Half.) That has a half added or attached to it. Ex. sārdhamudrā, sārdharupayā, sārdhaāmbā, sārdhadvaya, sārdhatraya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārdha (सार्ध).—a That has a half added to it.

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sārdha (सार्ध).—a Relating to the whole or all.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śardha (शर्ध).—[śṛdh-ghañ]

1) Breaking wind, flatulence (said to be n. also in this sense).

2) A troop, multitude.

3) Strength, power.

Derivable forms: śardhaḥ (शर्धः).

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Sārdha (सार्ध).—a. Increased by half, plus one-half, having a half over; as in सार्धशतम् (sārdhaśatam) (= 15), द्वे शते सार्धे (dve śate sārdhe) (25) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śardha (शर्ध) or Śarddha.—mn.

(-rddhaḥ-rddhaṃ) Farting, a fart. m.

(-rddhaḥ) 1. Strength. 2. Multitude. E. śṛdh to fart, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śardha (शर्ध).—i. e. śṛdh + a, m. 1. A fart. 2. A troop, Chr. 290, 1 = [Rigveda.] 2. 64, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śardha (शर्ध).—1. [adjective] defiant, strong.

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Śardha (शर्ध).—2. [masculine] troop, host.

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Sārdha (सार्ध).—[adjective] with a half; [neuter] sārdham [adverb] together, along with ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śardha (शर्ध):—a mfn. (√śṛdh) defiant, bold ([originally] ‘breaking wind against another’), [Ṛg-veda]

2) m. breaking wind, flatulence, [Vopadeva]

3) a (defiant or bold) host, troop ([especially] the host of the Maruts), [Ṛg-veda]

4) [from śṛdh] b etc. See p. 1058, col. 2.

5) Sārdha (सार्ध):—mf(ā)n. joined with a half, plus one half. increased by one half. having a half over (e.g. dve śate sārdhe, ‘two hundred together with a half’ id est. 250), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣardha (षर्ध):—sarddhati 1. a. To go.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sardha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śardha (ಶರ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] a group of people; a troop; a host; a multitude.

2) [noun] bodily strength; might.

3) [noun] gas discharged from the intestines through the anus; fart.

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Sārdha (ಸಾರ್ಧ):—[adjective] that is having half portion of.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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