Saptaka: 12 definitions


Saptaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Saptaka (सप्तक) refers to the “scale of seven notes”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In Indian Music, the word saptaka is used to denote the scale or octave of Music. Actually the scale of seven notes is called as saptaka. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, three kinds of scales or octaves viz., mandra i.e., low pitch, madhya i.e., medium pitch and tāra i.e., high pitch are there in Music and these three kinds of octaves occur from the three respective sthānas viz., chest, throat and head. The mandra-saptaka is basically the amalgamation of low notes which come out from the deep of the heart. The madhya i.e., medium notes come from the throat and the tāra i.e., high notes come from the head. To practise classical Music, the singers are generally seen to adopt the madhya-saptaka i.e., middle scale.

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptaka (सप्तक).—n (S) An aggregate of seven: also as a Seventh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saptaka (सप्तक).—n An aggregate of seven. a Seventh.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptaka (सप्तक).—a. (- or - f.)

1) Containing seven.

2) Seven.

3) Seventh.

-kam A collection of seven things (verses &c.).

-kī A woman's girdle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saptaka (सप्तक).—nt. (in Sanskrit m.), week: °kāni Divyāvadāna 99.20; 167.16; 441.17; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.132.16 (all in same cliché).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaka (सप्तक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā or kī-kaṃ) 1. Seven. 2. Seventh. 3. Containing seven. n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A collection of seven stanzas of the Rig Vedas. 2. A collection of any seven things. f. (-kī) A woman’s girdle. E. saptan seven, (string, &c.) and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaka (सप्तक).—i. e. saptan + ka, I. adj. 1. Containing seven, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 52. 2. Seven. 3. Seventh. Ii. n. A collection of seven verses, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 255. Iii. f. , A woman’s girdle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaka (सप्तक).—[adjective] containing seven; [masculine] a week; [masculine] [neuter] a collection of seven, heptade (adj. —° [feminine] saptikā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptaka (सप्तक):—[from saptan] mfn. consisting of 7 (catvāraḥ saptakāḥ, ‘cons° of 4 x 7 id est. 28’ [Harivaṃśa]; sapta saptakāḥ or saptakāḥ sapta, ‘7 x 7 id est. 49’ [ib.; Rāmāyaṇa]), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the 7th, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ([Caraka]) or n. ([Divyāvadāna]) a week

4) [from saptan] n. (ifc. f(ikā). ) a collection or aggregate of 7 [Manu-smṛti; Suśruta; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaka (सप्तक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Seven, seventh. f. (ī) Woman’s girdle.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saptaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saptaka (ಸಪ್ತಕ):—

1) [noun] a set or group of seven things, people, etc.; that which consists seven members or constituents.

2) [noun] a period of seven days; a week.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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