Ruja, Rujā: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Ruja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Rujā (रुजा):—Pain

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Rujā (रुजा) (lit. “one who injures, breaks”) is a synonym (another name) for the Kurara, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The daughter of Angati, king of Mithila. Her story is given in the Maha Naradakassapa Jataka (q.v.). She is identified with Ananda. J.vi.255.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Rujā (रुजा) [=rujeśa?] refers to “disease”, according to the Kalaśa Pūjā [i.e., Kalasha Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Weeding out the germs of disease (rujeśa-bīja-niryāta), perfectly pure, burning greatly, I am in praise of Vaiśvānara, granting universal success”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Rujā (रुजा) refers to “disease”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “You must understand that the body is overcome by disease (rujā-ākrānta), youth is overcome by old age, vitality is oppressed by decay and life is oppressed by death”.

Synonyms: Roga, Āmaya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rujā : (f.) pain; affliction.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rujā, (f.) (fr. ruj, see rujati; cp. Sk. rujā) disease, pain Miln. 172 (rujaṃ na karoti); Vism. 69; DhA. IV, 163 (accha° a bad pain). (Page 572)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rujā (रुजा).—f. [ruj-kvip vā ṭāp]

1) Breaking, fracture.

2) Pain, torment, pang, anguish; अनिशमपि मकरकेतु- र्मनसो रुजमावहन्नभिमतो मे (aniśamapi makaraketu- rmanaso rujamāvahannabhimato me) Ś.3.4; क्व रुजा हृदयप्रमाथिनी (kva rujā hṛdayapramāthinī) M.3.2; चरणं रुजापरीतम् (caraṇaṃ rujāparītam) 4.3.

3) Sickness, malady, disease; इत्यदर्शितरुजोऽस्य मन्त्रिणः (ityadarśitarujo'sya mantriṇaḥ) R.19.52.

4) Fatigue, toil, effort, trouble.

5) A ewe.

6) Leprosy.

See also (synonyms): ruj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rujā (रुजा).—f.

(-jā) 1. Sickness, disease. 2. Overthrow, destruction. 3. Toil, fatigue. 4. An ewe. E. ruj to be or make sick, affs. ka and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rujā (रुजा).—[ruj + ā], f. 1. Sickness, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 61; 81. 2. Destruction. 3. An ewe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruja (रुज).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj.; [feminine] rujā breaking, pain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ruja (रुज):—[from ruj] mf(ā)n. breaking, crushing, destroying, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (cf. valaṃ-r)

2) [v.s. ...] m. of doubtful meaning, [Atharva-veda xvi, 3, 2]

3) Rujā (रुजा):—[from ruja > ruj] a f. See below.

4) [from ruj] b f. breaking, fracture, [Meghadūta]

5) [v.s. ...] pain, sickness, disease, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] Costus Speciosus or Arabicus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] an ewe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rujā (रुजा):—(jā) 1. f. Idem; loss; an ewe.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ruja in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rūja (रूज):—(nm) rouge.

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