Pritana, Pṛtanā, Pṛtana: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pritana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pṛtanā and Pṛtana can be transliterated into English as Prtana or Pritana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pṛtanā (पृतना).—The name of a division of the army. (See under Akṣauhiṇī).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pṛtanā (पृतना).—f S An army. Ex. pṛ0 vastrēṅkarūna || ghātalēṃ pṛthvīsa pālāṇa ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pṛtanā (पृतना).—f An army.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛtana (पृतन).—Ved.

1) A hostile encounter.

2) An army.

Derivable forms: pṛtanam (पृतनम्).

--- OR ---

Pṛtanā (पृतना).—

1) An army (in general).

2) A division of an army consisting of 243 elephants, as many chariots, 729 horse, and 1215 foot; see अक्षौहिणी (akṣauhiṇī).

3) Battle, fight, encounter.

4) A hostile army.

5) (pl.) Men, mankind (Ved.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛtanā (पृतना).—f.

(-nā) 1. An army. 2. A small army or division consisting of 243 elephants, as many chariots, 729 horse, and 1215 foot. 3. Fight, encounter. E. pṛ to fill, tanan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛtanā (पृतना).—f., the base of many cases is pṛt. 1. Battle, Chr. 291, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 14. 2. An army, Mahābhārata 1, 291.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛtana (पृतन).—[neuter] hostile army; [feminine] ā the same or = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pṛtana (पृतन):—[from pṛt] n. an army or a hostile encounter, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

2) Pṛtanā (पृतना):—[from pṛtana > pṛt] a f. See next.

3) [v.s. ...] b f. battle, contest, strife, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a hostile armament, army, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (in later times [especially] a small army or division consisting of 243 elephants, as many chariots, 729 horse, and 1215 foot = 3 Vāhinīs)

5) [v.s. ...] [plural] men, mankind, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii.3.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛtanā (पृतना):—(nā) 1. f. An army; a detachment; 243 elephants and chariots, 729 horse, 1215 foot.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pṛtana (पृतन):——

1) n. feindliches Treffen , Heer.

2) f. pṛtanā — a) Kampf , Treffen , Wettstreit. — b) feindliches Treffen , Heer. Im System eine aus 245 Elephanten , 245 Wagen , 729 Reitern und 1215 Fusssoldaten bestehende Heeresabtheilung. — c) *Pl. Menschen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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