Pratyashruta, Pratyāśruta: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pratyashruta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pratyāśruta can be transliterated into English as Pratyasruta or Pratyashruta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Pratyāśruta (प्रत्याश्रुत) refers to the “reply” used in the Yajurveda, according to the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“with the Yajur-veda the performance takes place by murmuring (upāṃśu). With the exception of addresses (āśruta), replies (pratyāśruta), choosing of priests, dialogues, and commands”.

As all these are meant to be understood by others, they have therefore to be pronounced in a loud voice. [...] The address (āśruta) is “oṃ śrāvaya”; the reply (pratyāśruta) is “astu śrauṣaṭ”;.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pratyashruta in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pratyāśruta (प्रत्याश्रुत) is similar to Pratiśruti, which refers to 1) a “promise”, 2) the sacrificial formula “astu śrauṣṭ” (spoken by the Āgnīdhara priest in reply to the Adhvaryu priest who addresses him by saying “o śrāvaya”) and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 5.135. Pratiśruti is usually called pratyāśruta in sacrificial language. Cf. Satyāṣādhaśrautasūtra 2.1. Cf. also the commentator Mahādeva and Sāyaṇa in his commentary on Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1.6.11.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyashruta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyāśruta (प्रत्याश्रुत):—[=praty-āśruta] [from pratyā-śru] ([Taittirīya-saṃhitā]) n. idem

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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