Pradatri, Pradātṛ: 9 definitions


Pradatri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pradātṛ can be transliterated into English as Pradatr or Pradatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ) refers to the “giver” (of a yantra), according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “One desirous of a kingdom, one who has been deprived of it or one conquered by [other] rulers, after having paid respect with large masses of wealth to the supreme Guru, the giver (pradātṛpradātāraṃ) of Sudarśana’s Yantra, considering [him] superior to all, should propitiate God Nārāyaṇa - who has large eyes like lotuses, is [of] dark [complexion], clad in a yellow garment, adorned with all ornaments and with four arms - following the rules given by the teacher. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ) refers to “that which gives (joy)”, according to the Saṅkarṣaṇa Samhitā (verse 8.5-8).—Accordingly, the Garuḍamantra clears all the doubts of the person who chants it and protects him irrespective of his desire. It always bestows peace, prosperity and wellness on its aspirant voluntarily just like a mother, and showers strength like a father. It gives (pradātṛ-tva) joy[sarvasukha pradātṛtvaṃ] like one’s own spouse and showers knowledge even as a preceptor would do to a student. To put it succintly, the Garuḍamantra is on par with lord Hari himself in bestowing on his devotees, the best of everything desired by them, simultaneously assuring them of constant protection in this and the other world

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pradatri in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ) refers to “one who distributes (happiness, misery, etc.)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, Dharma (in the guise of a king) said to Padmā (wife of sage Pippalāda): “Obeisance to Śiva who distributes (pradātṛ) happiness, misery, boons, prosperity or adversity on all. Obeisance to Śiva who can make people enemies or friends, create affection or quarrel, to generate or destroy things. Obeisance to Śiva who has made milk white, who has bestowed chillness on water and heat on fire. Obeisance to Śiva, by whom the primordial nature, the principles Mahat etc, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva and others are created. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ).—m.

1) A giver, donor.

2) A liberal man.

3) One who gives a daughter in marriage.

4) An epithet of Indra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ).—mfn. (-tā-trī-tṛ) 1. A donor, who or what gives. 2. One who gives a daughter in marriage. 3. An epithet of Indra. E. pra before, to give, tṛc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ).—[pra-dā + tṛ], m. A giver, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 182.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ).—[masculine] giver, bestower, granter, [especially] who gives a daughter in marriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ):—[=pra-dātṛ] [from pra-dātavya > pra-dā] m. a giver, bestower (mostly in [compound] with the object, rarely with the receiver), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] an offerer, presenter (viṣa-, of poison), [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] one who gives a daughter in marriage, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] an imparter (of knowledge), [Pañcatantra]

5) [v.s. ...] a granter (of a wish), [Brahma-purāṇa] (f. trī)

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Indra, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of one of the Viśve Devāḥ, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradātṛ (प्रदातृ):—[pra-dātṛ] (tā-trī-tṛ) a. Giving.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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