Paishunya, Paiśūnya, Paiśunya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Paishunya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Paiśūnya and Paiśunya can be transliterated into English as Paisunya or Paishunya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य) refers to “tale-bearing”, according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] tale-bearing (paiśunya), Treachery (droha), Envy (īrṣya), Slandering (sāhasa?), Misappropriation of property (arthadūṣaṇa), Cruelty of speech (vāgdaṇḍa) and of Assault (pāruṣya);—these constitute the eightfold set born of Anger. [...] in the set born of anger (krodhaja),—Assault (daṇḍapātana), Cruelty of speech (vākpāruṣya) and Misappropriation of property (arthadūṣaṇa),—are to be regarded as the three most pernicious (kaṣṭatama)”.

Paiśunya (‘tale-bearing’) refers to “the disclosing of such secrets as are to be kept from monitors and other official relatives”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paishunya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य) refers to “slander”, which is considered as having evil influences (vyasana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, “[...] who is he that is not broken up by the evil influences (vyasana) of hunting (mṛgayā), wine (madya), slander (paiśunya), untruth (anṛta), theft (caura), gambling (durodara) and prostitutes (vāradāra)? The wicked fellow (Guṇanidhi) used to lay his hands on whatever he could see in the house, a cloth, a base metal etc. and take it to the gambling den, there to lose the same to his brother gamblers (dyūtakāra)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paishunya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य, “slander”) refers to one of the four sins of speech (mithyāvāda) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. Accordingly, Bodhisattvas speak with a smiling face (smitamukha) because they have (among others) avoided the four kinds of evil speech (mithyāvāda).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paishunya in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य) refers to “malicious speech” and represents one of the “ten unwholesome things” (kuśala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 56). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., paiśunya). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paishunya in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Paiśūnya (पैशून्य).—Siddhasena, in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra (verse 7.21), had explained paiśūnya as “breaking up a friendship between two people by revealing what one has learned by studying gestures and expression”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paishunya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paiśunya (पैशुन्य).—n (S) Wickedness. 2 By eminence. Malignant lying or babbling respecting; calumnious or injurious statement against.

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paiśūnya (पैशून्य).—n (paiśunya S) A secret vice or fault; a foible, frailty, failing. Used always with reference to the disclosure, and with v kāḍha, pāha, nigha. Ex. kōṇhāēkācēṃ pai0 kāḍhaṇēṃ To babble concerning; to divulge one's misdeeds or weakness. pai0 pāhaṇēṃ To watch for one's faults; to strive to pick a hole in.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paiśunya (पैशुन्य).—n Wickedness.

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paiśūnya (पैशून्य).—n A secret vice, a foible.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paishunya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य).—[piśunasya bhāvaḥ aṇ ṣyañ vā]

1) Backbiting, slandering, talebearing, calumny; पैशुन्यं साहसं (paiśunyaṃ sāhasaṃ) ......क्रोधजोऽपि गणोऽष्टकः (krodhajo'pi gaṇo'ṣṭakaḥ) Ms.7.48;11.56; Bg.16.2.

2) Roguery, depravity.

3) Wickdness, malignity.

Derivable forms: paiśunyam (पैशुन्यम्).

See also (synonyms): paiśuna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य).—adj. (Sanskrit id. and Pali pesuniya, °ṇiya, pesuñña, only as nt. abstr.), = prec.: mṛṣāvādinām °nyānāṃ Gaṇḍavyūha 228.14 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paiśunya (पैशुन्य).—i. e. piśuna + ya, n. 1. Espionage, backbiting, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 6; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 115. 2. Wickedness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paiśunya (पैशुन्य):—[from paiśuna] n. = paiśuna n., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (-vādin mfn. slanderous, [Daśakumāra-carita])

2) [v.s. ...] = bhikṣāśitva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for paiṇḍinya).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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