Pisita, Pishita, Piśita: 15 definitions


Pisita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Piśita can be transliterated into English as Pisita or Pishita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Piśita (पिशित) refers to “meat”, mentioned in verse 3.45 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as the (humours and the gastric fire) irritate one another this way, one shall turn to all (substances) that (are) applicable to all humours and promotive of the (gastric) fire: a cathartic enema after one’s body has been purged (with a vomitive etc.), old grain, prepared soups, game-meat [viz., jāṅgala-piśita], broths, old wine and ariṣṭa liqueur [...]”.

Note: jāṅgalaṃ piśitam—“game-meat” has been simplified to skam-sai srog-chags (“jungle-animal, game”) and rendered dependent on yūṣa (“broth”), This points to a reading “jāṅgalapiśitaṃ yūṣaṃ” in the basic copy. The omission of piśita (“meat”) is not, however, absolutely certain inasmuch as &a might be taken for its equivalent then yūṣa would correspond only to khu instead of the ordinary śa-khu.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Piśita (पिशित) refers to “(human) flesh”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “He has eight faces and, very powerful, shines like a white lotus. He is mightily proud and has sharp teeth and great body. He is terrible and fierce and his face is deformed. O Śambhu, he has twenty arms and the goddess sits on his lap. He holds a sword, mallet and noose, a double-headed drum, a dagger, the Kaustubha jewel, a rosary, a skull bowl full of fruit and the like and a piece of human flesh [i.e., mahā-piśita-khaṇḍa]. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Piśita (पिशित) refers to “flesh eaters”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Bharaṇī will deal in precious stones, will be flesh eaters (piśita), will be wicked men; will delight in acts of killing and torture; will be dealers in pod grains; will be of low descent or weak-minded. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Piśita (पिशित) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Piśita).

2) Piśita (पिशित) is also the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pisita : (nt.) flesh.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piśita (पिशित).—[piś-kta; Uṇādi-sūtra 3.95]

1) Flesh; कुत्रापि नापि खलु हा पिशितस्य लेशः (kutrāpi nāpi khalu hā piśitasya leśaḥ) Bv.1.15; R.7.5.

2) A small piece or part.

Derivable forms: piśitam (पिशितम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśita (पिशित).—n.

(-taṃ) Flesh. f.

(-tā) Spikenard. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A goblin. 2. A cannibal E. piś to be a component part, participial aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśita (पिशित).—[piś + ita] (cf. piśaṅga), n. Flesh, Mahābhārata 4, 770.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśita (पिशित).—[neuter] flesh (cut up or prepared).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piśita (पिशित):—[from piś] mfn. made ready, prepared, dressed, adorned, [Atharva-veda]

2) Piśitā (पिशिता):—[from piśita > piś] f. Nardostschys Jatamansi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Piśita (पिशित):—[from piś] n. (also [plural]) flesh which has been cut up or prepared, any flesh or meat, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a small piece, [Atharva-veda vi, 127, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśita (पिशित):—(taṃ) 1. n. Flesh. f. Spikenard.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Piśita (पिशित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pisia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pisita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piśita (ಪಿಶಿತ):—

1) [noun] flesh (viewed as food).

2) [noun] any dish made of this.

--- OR ---

Pisita (ಪಿಸಿತ):—[noun] the flesh of any animal as food; meat; flesh.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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