Pancaratrika, Pāñcarātrika, Pañcarātrika, Panca-ratrika, Pamcaratrika: 7 definitions


Pancaratrika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pancharatrika.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Pancaratrika in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pañcarātrika (पञ्चरात्रिक).—The process of worshiping the Deity, as explained by Nārada Muni. Also, a five-day fast, as explained by Kauṇḍilya Ṛṣi.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Pancaratrika in Pancaratra glossary
Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Pāñcarātrika (पाञ्चरात्रिक) refers to an archaic designation of an ancient Bhakti cult.—At the time of their composition, many texts from the various sects who saw Viṣṇu as the highest god were not grouped under a common term, like Vaiṣṇava, as we are used to grouping them. Banerjea asserts that the Pādma Tantra says (in Banerjea’s translation): “Sūri, Suhṛt, Bhāgavata, Sātvata, Pañcakālavit, Ekāntika, Tanmaya and Pāñcarātrika are different designations of this Bhakti cult”. Banerjea also points out that the term Vaiṣṇava is absent.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancaratrika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcarātrikā (पञ्चरात्रिका).—[-n], adj. epithet of Viṣṇu (cf. pañcan-rātra), Mahābhārata 12, 12864 (p. 818, 1. 9, bel.).

Pañcarātrikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañca and rātrikā (रात्रिका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcarātrika (पञ्चरात्रिक):—[=pañca-rātrika] [from pañca] [wrong reading] for pāñcar.

2) Pāñcarātrika (पाञ्चरात्रिक):—[=pāñca-rātrika] [from pāñca] mf(ī)n. lasting 5 nights, (days), [Sāma-vidhāna-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘connected with the Pañcarātra’ Name of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancaratrika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancaratrika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāṃcarātrika (ಪಾಂಚರಾತ್ರಿಕ):—[noun] a follower of ಪಾಂಚರಾತ್ರ [pamcaratra] system; a man belonging to Vaiṣṇava sect.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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