Pancadashi, Pancadāsi, Pañcadaśī, Pancadasi, Pancan-dashi, Pamcadashi: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Pancadashi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pañcadaśī can be transliterated into English as Pancadasi or Pancadashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchadashi.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancadashi in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी).—The fifteenth day of the Māgha month fit for performing sādhāraṇa śrāddha;1 of the Āṣāda month for making gift of a cow.2

  • 1) M 17. 2, 4.
  • 2) Ib. 53. 24.

1b) The day when the Pitṛs drink the rays of the moon.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 69; 56. 59.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pancadashi in Hinduism glossary
Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Pancadāsi, the root mantra of Śrī-Vidyā is said to be the sound-form of the Mother. The mantra is divided into three kūtas or parts with five syllables each. The first is called Vāgbhava Kuta, the Mother’s head. The second is called Madhya Kūta, the trunk – from neck to navel. The third is Śakti Kūta, the part below navel.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancadashi in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी) refers to the “fifteenth day (of the waxing moon)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān said to the great Nāga kings]: “Now I will teach the auspicious offering manual which can bring about any effect. [...] The mantra should be recited into parched grains and mustard seeds five times. It should be employed on the fifteenth day (pañcadaśī) of the waxing moon. It should be recited in a loud voice. Mustard seeds should be scattered in the four directions, downwards and upwards. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancadashi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी).—

1) the fifteenth day of a lunar fortnight (the full or new moon day); Y.1.146.

2) Name of a philosophical work (prakaraṇagrantha) by माधवाचार्य (mādhavācārya) (vidyāraṇya).

Pañcadaśī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and daśī (दशी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vedānta, by Sāyaṇa. Io. 242. 1794. 2082. W. p. 182-84. Oxf. 222. Cambr. 20. Paris. (B 161. D 53). Hall. p. 98. K. 122. B. 4, 56. 64. Ben. 71. 73-75. 77. 80-85. Kāṭm. 4 (and—[commentary]). Pheh. 4. 13. Rādh. 6 (and—[commentary]). 42. 46. Burnell. 89^b. P. 12. 13. Bhk. 31. Lahore. 1882, 7. Bhr. 236. 238. 242. 257. 264. 659. 660. H. 230. Oppert. 3160. 3319. 4002. 4217. 4703. 4815. 4945. 6935. 7635. Ii, 2392. 2435. 2491. 3049. 3454. 4588. 6318. 6583. 6777. 7085. 7391. 7620. 8732. 9164. Bp. 267.
—[commentary] NW. 288. Oppert. 5801. Ii, 4706. 6319 (Tattvabodhini). 6584. 7553.
—[commentary] Vṛttiprabhākara by Niścaladāsasvāmin. See Pandit Viii^2, 603.
—[commentary] Tātparyabodhim by Ramakṛṣṇa. Io. 242. 1794. W. p. 183. 184. Oxf. 223^a. Cambr. 21. Paris. (D 53). Hall. p. 98. L. 1471. K. 122. B. 4, 64. Ben. (as above). Oudh. 1877, 42. 44. Np. I, 74. Iii, 122. Burnell. 89^b. P. 12. 13. Bhk. 31. Lahore. 1882, 7. Bhr. 236. 238. 242. 257. 264. H. 230. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 140. Oppert. 2874. 7310. Rice. 158. 286. Bp. 267.
—[commentary] by Sadānanda. NW. 280.

2) Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी):—vedānta, by Sāyaṇa. Fl. 219. Io. 242. 872. 1113. 1794. 2082 ([fragmentary]). 2310. 2516. 3034. 3041. Oudh. Xx, 230. Peters. 4, 21. Rgb. 612 (paricheda 1). Stein 120.
—[commentary] Tātparyabodhinī by Rāmakṛṣṇa. Fl. 219. Hz. 51. 534 (Tattvaviveka and Mahābhūtaviveka). 548. Io. as above. Oudh. Xx, 230. Peters. 4, 21. Stein 120. 121.

3) Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी):—by Sāyaṇa. Ulwar 518.
—[commentary] Tātparyabodhinī by Rāmakṛṣṇa. ibid.

4) Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी):—vedānta by Sāyaṇa. Ak 767 (Tṛpti, Kūṭastha, Dhyāna, Nāṭaka). 768 (Pratyaktattva, Kūṭastha, Citra, Dhyāna, Nāṭaka, Tṛpti. All these with Rāmakṛṣna’s C.). As p. 100 (2 Mss.). Cs 3, 67-69. 70 (inc.). Hz. 916 (inc.). Il. Jl. (with the C. of Rāmakṛṣṇa, both defective). L.. 862. 863 (from 4, 20 up to the end). 864 ([fragmentary]). Peters. 6, 281. Tb. 95. Whish 81, 2. C. by Rāmakṛṣṇa. As p. 63 (Tṛpti, Kūṭastha, Dhyana). 76 (Tṛpti). 88 (Dhyāna). 100. 125 (Brahmānanda). Cs 3, 67-69. 70 (inc.). Hz. 24 (Tṛpti). 1139 (inc.). Il. L.. 862. 863 (as above). 864 ([fragmentary]). Peters. 6, 281. Śg. 2, 148 (Citra inc.). 152 (inc.). Tb. 95. Whish 59. 165 (Tṛpti, Kūṭastha, Dhyāna). C. by Rāmanārāyaṇa. Tb. 95.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcadaśī (पञ्चदशी):—[=pañca-daśī] [from pañca-daśa > pañca] f. (sc. tithi) the 15th day of a half month, the day of full or new moon, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce works.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancadashi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcadaśi (ಪಂಚದಶಿ):—[noun] the last of a lunar fortnight (either full moon-day or new moon-day).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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