Nirvrita, Nirvṛta: 11 definitions


Nirvrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nirvṛta can be transliterated into English as Nirvrta or Nirvrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirvrita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत) refers to “feeling delighted”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the Brahmins were requested by Himavat ‘May the rite be formally started after narrating the Tithi etc. The auspicious hour has come’. After saying ‘So be it’, the excellent Brahmins who knew the proper time proclaimed the Tithi etc. very delightedly (parama-nirvṛta). Then Himācala mentally urged with pleasure by lord Śiva, the cause of great enjoyment, smilingly spoke to Śiva. ‘O Śiva, please do not delay. Please mention your genealogy, saintly lineage, family, name and your Veda along with your branch of the Vedas’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत) refers to “extinguished”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then on that occasion the Lord uttered these verses: [...] (107) Since all living beings are originally extinguished (prakṛti-nirvṛta), they are never born. His patience shining like this is not carelessness about this teaching. (108) Seeing all parts of personality as an illusion, knowing all spheres as the sphere of the dharma, considering the six sense organs as an empty town, this is to transcend the Māra inherent in the parts of personality. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत) refers to “having departed”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Brahmin Viṣṇudatta summoned and enraged a Nāga]: “Then Vajrapāṇi, the great leader of Yakṣas, addressed the Bhagavān, ‘Look, Bhagavān, clearly all crops have been destroyed by the harmful Nāga. How will there be shelter for all beings in the last time, in the last age, after you have departed (nirvṛta)? Therefore let the Bhagavān speak about the protection of crops and the averting of Nāgas for the sake of all crops. [Thus] all crops will be provided, protected and increased’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत).—p. p.

1) Satisfied, contented, happy; निर्वृतौ स्वः (nirvṛtau svaḥ) Ś.2;4; 5.1.

2) Free from care or anxiety, secure, at ease.

3) Ceased, ended. तीर्णे भीष्ममहोदधौ कथमपि द्रोणानले निर्वृते (tīrṇe bhīṣmamahodadhau kathamapi droṇānale nirvṛte) Ve.6.1.

-tam A house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत).—(ppp. to Sanskrit nir-var-, but even in Sanskrit used in ways which suggest secondary association with nir-vā-; so in Sanskrit extinguished, of fire, also [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], Mahāvastu i.66.1; Divyāvadāna 157.12; Avadāna-śataka i.48.8; and especially often happy, blissful, in worldly sense, also [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 106.13; Mahāvastu i.131.14), (1) like Pali nibbuta functioning as ppp. to nirvāṇa and its relatives, released, entered into nirvāṇa (oftener pari-nir°; see also nirvṛtaka and nirvṛti): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 392.9; 393.2, etc.; (2) in Mahāvastu iii.214.6, 13 (verse) = Pali Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.242.18, 243.6, nirvṛta- (Senart with mss. unmetrical(ly) °tā; Pali nīvuta-, text with Cambodian sources, others nivuta-, ni- being unmetrical(ly))- brahmalokaṃ (adv.; Pali °lokā, n. sg. f. adj.); (in such a way that the brahma-world is) cut off; shut out, excluded (from the br. world). So Dīghanikāya (Pali) commentary ii.665.19 ff., nivuto pihito (and later paṭicchanno) brahmaloko assā ti. This implies Sanskrit nivṛta; the Pali nīvuta, adopted by ed., must have ī m.c.; Mahāvastu nirvṛta also, directly or indirectly, m.c., perhaps directly derived from a misunderstood MIndic nīvuta with false Sanskritization.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Ended, terminated. 2. Happy, content. 3. Emancipated. 4. Free from occupation or interest. n.

(-taṃ) A house. E. nir, and vṛ to choose. kta affix: see nivṛtta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत).—[adjective] extinct, allayed; satisfied, happy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvṛta (निर्वृत):—[=nir-vṛta] [from nir > niḥ] a with √bhū, [Parasmaipada] -bhavati, to attain Nirvāṇa, [Sukhāvatī-vyūha i]

2) [=nir-vṛta] [from nir-vṛ] b mfn. satisfied, happy, tranquil, at ease, at rest, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] extinguished, terminated, ceased, Veṇ, [vi, 1; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] emancipated, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] n. a house, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत):—[nir-vṛta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Ended; free from; happy. 1. n. A house.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirvṛta (निर्वृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇivvaya, Ṇivvua, Ṇivvuḍa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirvṛta (ನಿರ್ವೃತ):—[adjective] satisfied; contented; pleased.

--- OR ---

Nirvṛta (ನಿರ್ವೃತ):—

1) [noun] a completely satisfied, contented man; a happy man.

2) [noun] the normal place of one’s dwelling; a house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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