Nirvacana, Nir-vacana: 17 definitions


Nirvacana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirvachana.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Nirvacana (निर्वचन) refers to “derivation” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Nirvacana (निर्वचन, “explanation”) refers to one of the various tools used by authors displaying their skill in the art of writing.—Explanation (nirvacana) refers to a detailed account wherein one may use any literary device to explain or elucidate a vidhi or prescription, or an incident etc.

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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—Interpretation by means of etymology as found in the Nirukta works; the act of fully uttering the meaning hidden in words that are partially or wholly unintelligible in respect of their derivation, by separating a word into its component letters; cf. निष्कृष्य विगृह्य निर्वचनम् (niṣkṛṣya vigṛhya nirvacanam), Durgavrtti on Nir. II. 1.For details see Nirukta II.1.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nirvacana (निर्वचन):—[nirvacanam] Specific description with such example which could be understood by experts only

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nirvacana (निर्वचन) refers to “semantic analysis” (of a mantra), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The mṛtyuñjayamantra of the Netratantra, oṃ juṃ saḥ, appears in the text in an encoded form. The Netra-tantra and Kṣemarāja use semantic analysis (nirvacana) to linguistically correlate the deity with his role as a protector. It then connects the mantra to the deity through the same etymological evidence. This demonstrates the divinity of the mantra and explains the purpose of its use. [...] Each change in sound furthers cosmological ideation. Again, the text uses nirvacana to demonstrate the inherent meaning and power that permeates the Mantra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirvacana (निर्वचन).—n S Definition, delineation, close and exact description.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirvacana (निर्वचन).—n Definition, delineation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—

1) Utterance, pronunciation.

2) A proverbial expression, proverb; न निर्मन्युः क्षत्रियोऽस्ति लोके निर्वचनं स्मृतम् (na nirmanyuḥ kṣatriyo'sti loke nirvacanaṃ smṛtam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.27.37.

3) Etymological interpretation, etymology. नामनिर्वचनं तस्य श्लोकमेनं सुरा जगुः (nāmanirvacanaṃ tasya ślokamenaṃ surā jaguḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 9.2.37.

4) A vocabulary, an index.

5) Praise (praśaṃsā); प्रनष्टं शान्तनोर्वंशं समीक्ष्य पुनरुद्धृतम् । ततो निर्वचनं लोके सर्वराष्ट्रेष्ववर्तत (pranaṣṭaṃ śāntanorvaṃśaṃ samīkṣya punaruddhṛtam | tato nirvacanaṃ loke sarvarāṣṭreṣvavartata) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.19.23.

Derivable forms: nirvacanam (निर्वचनम्).

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Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—a.

1) not speaking, silent.

2) unobjectionable, blameless; (for other senses see the word separately).

Nirvacana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and vacana (वचन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—i. e. I. nis-vac + ana, n. 1. A proverb, Mahābhārata 1, 4359. 2. Etymological explanation, 5, 2561. Ii. nis-vacana, adj. 1. Silent. 2. Blameless, Mahābhārata 3, 13389. ºnam, adv. Silently, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 7, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—1. [neuter] speaking out, utterance, saying, proverb, explanation, etymology.

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Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—2. [adjective] not speaking, silent; unobjectionable, blameless.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvacana (निर्वचन):—[=nir-vacana] [from nir > niḥ] a mfn. not speaking, silent, [Śukasaptati]

2) [v.s. ...] unobjectionable, blameless, [Mahābhārata]

3) [=nir-vacana] [from nir-vac] b n. speaking out, pronouncing, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] a saying or proverb, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] interpretation, explanation, etymology, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन):—[nir-vacana] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Silent. n. Explanation; index.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirvacana (निर्वचन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivvayaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirvacana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nirvacana (निर्वचन) [Also spelled nirvachan]:—(nm) interpretation; explanation; etymology; (a) speechless; ~[nīya] fit to be explained/interpreted.

2) Nirvācana (निर्वाचन) [Also spelled nirvachan]:—(nm) election; -[kṣetra] constituency.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvacana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirvacana (ನಿರ್ವಚನ):—

1) [noun] something that is spoken; an utterance; speech.

2) [noun] a concise, compact statement containing the essence of a passage, speech, etc.

3) [noun] an explanatory note or statement; an accurate description.

4) [noun] the knowledge of the origin and development of a word, affix, phrase, etc.; etymology.

5) [noun] the act of consolidating different, statements, works, ideas etc. together taking into consideration their essence, similarities.

6) [noun] the state or fact of not talking; absence of speech; silence.

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Nirvācana (ನಿರ್ವಾಚನ):—

1) [noun] a choosing or being chosen for a particular office by vote; election.

2) [noun] a voting to elect members for a municipality, legislature, etc.; election.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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