Nirvacana, Nir-vacana: 9 definitions

Introduction

Nirvacana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirvachana.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Nirvacana (निर्वचन) refers to “derivation” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirvacana in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Nirvacana (निर्वचन, “explanation”) refers to one of the various tools used by authors displaying their skill in the art of writing.—Explanation (nirvacana) refers to a detailed account wherein one may use any literary device to explain or elucidate a vidhi or prescription, or an incident etc.

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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—Interpretation by means of etymology as found in the Nirukta works; the act of fully uttering the meaning hidden in words that are partially or wholly unintelligible in respect of their derivation, by separating a word into its component letters; cf. निष्कृष्य विगृह्य निर्वचनम् (niṣkṛṣya vigṛhya nirvacanam), Durgavrtti on Nir. II. 1.For details see Nirukta II.1.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirvacana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirvacana (निर्वचन).—n S Definition, delineation, close and exact description.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirvacana (निर्वचन).—n Definition, delineation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nirvacana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—

1) Utterance, pronunciation.

2) A proverbial expression, proverb; न निर्मन्युः क्षत्रियोऽस्ति लोके निर्वचनं स्मृतम् (na nirmanyuḥ kṣatriyo'sti loke nirvacanaṃ smṛtam) Mb.3.27.37.

3) Etymological interpretation, etymology. नामनिर्वचनं तस्य श्लोकमेनं सुरा जगुः (nāmanirvacanaṃ tasya ślokamenaṃ surā jaguḥ) Mb.9.2.37.

4) A vocabulary, an index.

5) Praise (praśaṃsā); प्रनष्टं शान्तनोर्वंशं समीक्ष्य पुनरुद्धृतम् । ततो निर्वचनं लोके सर्वराष्ट्रेष्ववर्तत (pranaṣṭaṃ śāntanorvaṃśaṃ samīkṣya punaruddhṛtam | tato nirvacanaṃ loke sarvarāṣṭreṣvavartata) || Mb.1.19.23.

Derivable forms: nirvacanam (निर्वचनम्).

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Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—a.

1) not speaking, silent.

2) unobjectionable, blameless; (for other senses see the word separately).

Nirvacana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and vacana (वचन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—i. e. I. nis-vac + ana, n. 1. A proverb, Mahābhārata 1, 4359. 2. Etymological explanation, 5, 2561. Ii. nis-vacana, adj. 1. Silent. 2. Blameless, Mahābhārata 3, 13389. ºnam, adv. Silently, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 7, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—1. [neuter] speaking out, utterance, saying, proverb, explanation, etymology.

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Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—2. [adjective] not speaking, silent; unobjectionable, blameless.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirvacana (निर्वचन):—[=nir-vacana] [from nir > niḥ] a mfn. not speaking, silent, [Śukasaptati]

2) [v.s. ...] unobjectionable, blameless, [Mahābhārata]

3) [=nir-vacana] [from nir-vac] b n. speaking out, pronouncing, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] a saying or proverb, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] interpretation, explanation, etymology, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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